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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a

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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

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Question No.: SC 85
Page: 744

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 06 May 2017, 00:17, edited 4 times in total.
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ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


E.
"owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land" is a clause and demands "as"; "was" is parallel with "is"
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2008, 06:08
Between A and E, on test day I would have chosen A.

Not too sure, but it seems as we're referring to a "goal", rather than "owning and living..."

That's why I used like rather than as.
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New post 31 Jul 2008, 08:19
I will go with E.

"owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults"

X is still a goal of Y -> 'it' was a goal of A

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.

Rule: Use like when you are comparing 2 unlike things. Use as when you are comparing something similar or same.
we are talking about goal of young adults & goal of earlier generations. IMO use 'as'.

A> ruled out.
B> 'as that for' no no in this case
c> ruled out
d>have, doesnt identify the antecedent
e>it clearly identifies with goal & correct usage of 'as'
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


Clearly E for parallelsim and "as" for comparing two clauses
X is goal of you youg adults, as it was of earlier generation
--> X is goal of you youg adults, as X was [goal]of earlier generation.
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

The first sentence is "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults", we should look for similar structure in the 2nd sentence.

(A) like that of earlier generations
= like that (the goal) of earlier generations
= WRONG, not ll to 1st sentence

(B) as that for earlier generations
= WRONG, "as" is used to modify clause instead of noun "that"

(C) just as earlier generations did
= WRONG, because of "as" again

(D) as have earlier generations
= as earlier generations have
= not ll
=WRONG

(E) as it was of earlier generations
= as it was (the goal) of earlier generations
= ll with first sentence
= Correct

Ans is E
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E

U can cut down the options - B, C and D.

Confusion comes between A and E. Right?

LIKE is used for comparison where SUCH AS is used for providing example.

Again another point is LIKE can be used two between two nouns or pronouns where AS is used to compare between two clauses.
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New post 03 Jun 2010, 16:01
a) like that of earlier generations
"like" is a preposition and modifies the noun preceeding it.

b) as that for earlier generations
"comparison as" is a conjunction (subordinator) and must be followed by a clause

c) just as earlier generations did
improper comparison

d) as have earlier generations
improper comparison

e) as it was of earlier generations
correct
it refers to the subject phrase "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land"
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mrik wrote:
IMO E, but i couldn't find any problem with C.

just as earlier generations did : is it not comparing the act of owning and living in a freestanding house? Please explaing


IMO:

c) just as earlier generations did

This compares the goal of the young adults to something the earlier generations "did"

e) as it was of earlier generations

This compares the goal of the young adults to the goal of the earlier generations
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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E it is.

Apples Vs Apples.

x is still a goal of y (youth) as it was of z (earlier generations)

it refers to goal

Bulls eye.
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

a) like that of earlier generations - we need "as" to compare clauses
b) as that for earlier generations
c) just as earlier generations did
d) as have earlier generations
e) as it [goal] was of earlier generations - parallel.

According to a recent poll, owning and living.............is a goal of a majority of young adults, as goal was of earlier generations.
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New post 18 Sep 2012, 22:22
IMO: A
B: usage of "for" is incorrect.
C: Comparisons is not structurally parallel.
D: Not parallel.
E: I'm not sure. Maybe too wordy. Moreover, Present tense is more appropriate than Past tense.
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jitgoel wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


(A) like that of earlier generations -- "like that"- wrong comparison + not parallel
(B) as that for earlier generations - not parallel + "that" has a wrong usage here.
(C) just as earlier generations did - action by the earlier generations
(D) as have earlier generations - wrong usage as have
(E) as it was of earlier generations - this is perfectly parallel

"still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations"

The answer is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

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In A and B, like that and as that imply two separate goals, one similar to the other. But in the SC above there is only one goal: owning and living in a freestanding house. The intended meaning of the sentence is that this one goal is common to all the generations. Eliminate A and B.

In C, it is unclear what verb is being replaced by did. Eliminate C.

In D, it is unclear what earlier generations have done. Eliminate D.

The correct answer is E.

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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


Shraddha,

I have seen the correct answer of this question so many times but I still end up choosing the wrong answer.

See my analysis specifically between choice A and E
Meaning
Owning a house is a goal for majority of adults
Earlier generations had the same goal too.

Per my understanding the goal is compared.
POE
Choice A - Like is followed by that, which is a noun and stands for dream. Hence correct. No error
Choice E - As is followed by clause, goal is compared to clause not correct.

Please help.

Thanks,
Sugandha

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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Hi,

Let's see if we can break this one down. This is a comparison so both sides of the comparison need to be parallel in structure. The first half of the comparison has the structure doing X is still a goal of Y so the second half needs to have that same structure such as: as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, like that of group Y in the past. This is missing the verb in the second of half. Owning and living in a freestanding house is incorrectly replaced by THAT instead of IT.

Let's pretend that we could use THAT the sentence would read: Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults like owning and living in a freestanding house a goal of earlier generations. The verb is missing from the second half.

(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past or Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults as owning and living in a freestanding house was a goal of earlier generations. This is parallel throughout.

It often helps to replace the pronouns with the nouns that they are replacing so that you get a more complete idea of how the sentence should be structured.

I hope that this helps. Let me know if you need more advice on this question.

HG.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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HerrGrau wrote:
Hi,

Let's see if we can break this one down. This is a comparison so both sides of the comparison need to be parallel in structure. The first half of the comparison has the structure doing X is still a goal of Y so the second half needs to have that same structure such as: as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, like that of group Y in the past. This is missing the verb in the second of half. Owning and living in a freestanding house is incorrectly replaced by THAT instead of IT.

Let's pretend that we could use THAT the sentence would read: Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults like owning and living in a freestanding house a goal of earlier generations. The verb is missing from the second half.

(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past or Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults as owning and living in a freestanding house was a goal of earlier generations. This is parallel throughout.

It often helps to replace the pronouns with the nouns that they are replacing so that you get a more complete idea of how the sentence should be structured.

I hope that this helps. Let me know if you need more advice on this question.

HG.


do you mean that in the structure:

main clause + comma+like

"like" refers to the subject of the main clause. for example

I speake English, like you

in this sentence "Like you" modifies " I" . is that correct?

and so , in A we have

"like that of earlier generations" refer to " owning and living"

and we have

"like the goal of earlier generation" refers to "owning and living". this is absurd.

is my thinking correct?
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Hi,

OK, let 's take a deeper look here:

You have two ideas in this sentence.

1. Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults.

2. Living in a freestanding house on its own land was a goal of earlier generations.


In order to create a comparison we have to maintain all of the elements in both ideas. So we end up with this:

Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults as living in a freestanding house on its own land was a goal of earlier generations.


Repeat nouns can be replaced by it/that. In general IT can replace an entire phrase while THAT replaces only a piece. In the example above THAT could replace A GOAL but cannot replace LIVING IN A FREESTANDING HOUSE ON ITS OWN LAND.

An example of correct usage of THAT: The goal of the Giants is the same as THAT of the Jets: to win the Superbowl (That replaces the goal)

An example of correct usage of IT: Winning the super bowl is the goal of the Giants as IT is of the Jets. (IT replaces winning the superbowl)


The second example is very similar to the GMAT question.

So let's replace our noun phrase LIVING IN A FREESTANDING HOUSE ON ITS OWN LAND with IT.

Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults as it was a goal of earlier generations.

Last but not least "a goal" is implied so we can omit it.

Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults as it was of earlier generations.

I hope that this resolves our concerns.

HG.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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stunn3r wrote:
seekmba wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

a) like that of earlier generations - we need "as" to compare clauses
b) as that for earlier generations
c) just as earlier generations did
d) as have earlier generations
e) as it [goal] was of earlier generations - parallel.

According to a recent poll, owning and living.............is a goal of a majority of young adults, as goal was of earlier generations.


in A .. "that of earlier generations" is "goals of earlier generation". In my mind its a noun ... Please correct me ..


Hi stunn3r.

A: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

Very careful with "like". Technically, "like" should be close to the noun it is comparing. If there is a middle noun ==> The comparison may be vague.

The structure of A is: X is a goal of Y, like that of Z. You want to compare "that" with "goal", however, there's Y in the middle. The comparison is quite ambiguous because it's like you're comparing "that" with "Y" ("that" vs "young adult"). In order to make the sentence clear, the structure should be: X is a goal of Y, as Z was a goal of T.

Hope it helps.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2013, 02:19
can anyone suggest why "owning and living..land" is considered as singular; here we are using "and" to combine 2 goals so verb should be plural (are)
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2013, 02:19

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