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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house

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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.


(A) like that of earlier generations

(B) as that for earlier generations

(C) just as earlier generations did

(D) as have earlier generations

(E) as it was of earlier generations


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 85
Page: 687

Originally posted by chuckle on 04 Apr 2006, 17:29.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 04:04, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2013, 12:26
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Hi,

Let's see if we can break this one down. This is a comparison so both sides of the comparison need to be parallel in structure. The first half of the comparison has the structure doing X is still a goal of Y so the second half needs to have that same structure such as: as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, like that of group Y in the past. This is missing the verb in the second of half. Owning and living in a freestanding house is incorrectly replaced by THAT instead of IT.

Let's pretend that we could use THAT the sentence would read: Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults like owning and living in a freestanding house a goal of earlier generations. The verb is missing from the second half.

(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past or Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults as owning and living in a freestanding house was a goal of earlier generations. This is parallel throughout.

It often helps to replace the pronouns with the nouns that they are replacing so that you get a more complete idea of how the sentence should be structured.

I hope that this helps. Let me know if you need more advice on this question.

HG.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2011, 12:29
3
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akbism wrote:
jullysabat wrote:
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults,like that of earlier generations.

A) like that of earlier generations.
B) as that of earlier generations.
C) just as earlier generations did
D) as have earlier generations
E) as it was of earlier generations

Its an OG 12 Q..I got this wrong..Not able to even get the explanations mentioned.
Can anyone pls explain.


Hello friends, I am facing some problem with the use of pronoun "it" and "its" here.
How "it" in E is referring to "owning and living" phrase and why not to a free house?
And "its" is referring what?


The entire phrase is the subject:
"owning and living in a free standing house on its own land" and phrases are considered singular.
Thus,
the verb "is"(Singular)
AND
"it" refers to the entire phrase.

"house" can't be the main subject AS it is the object of the prepositional phrase "in a free standing house".

E is ||el as well:

"OWNING" is still a goal OF young
AS
"IT" was OF earlier generations

Meaning wise:
house is the goal.
Owning something is a goal.

Which one sounds more logical.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2006, 18:33
1
'E' it is.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2008, 23:50
1
ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


E.
"owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land" is a clause and demands "as"; "was" is parallel with "is"
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2008, 07:57
1
1
ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


Clearly E for parallelsim and "as" for comparing two clauses
X is goal of you youg adults, as it was of earlier generation
--> X is goal of you youg adults, as X was [goal]of earlier generation.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2008, 09:47
1
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

The first sentence is "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults", we should look for similar structure in the 2nd sentence.

(A) like that of earlier generations
= like that (the goal) of earlier generations
= WRONG, not ll to 1st sentence

(B) as that for earlier generations
= WRONG, "as" is used to modify clause instead of noun "that"

(C) just as earlier generations did
= WRONG, because of "as" again

(D) as have earlier generations
= as earlier generations have
= not ll
=WRONG

(E) as it was of earlier generations
= as it was (the goal) of earlier generations
= ll with first sentence
= Correct

Ans is E
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2010, 14:15
3
1
E

U can cut down the options - B, C and D.

Confusion comes between A and E. Right?

LIKE is used for comparison where SUCH AS is used for providing example.

Again another point is LIKE can be used two between two nouns or pronouns where AS is used to compare between two clauses.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2010, 15:01
1
a) like that of earlier generations
"like" is a preposition and modifies the noun preceeding it.

b) as that for earlier generations
"comparison as" is a conjunction (subordinator) and must be followed by a clause

c) just as earlier generations did
improper comparison

d) as have earlier generations
improper comparison

e) as it was of earlier generations
correct
it refers to the subject phrase "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land"
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2010, 10:30
2
2
E it is.

Apples Vs Apples.

x is still a goal of y (youth) as it was of z (earlier generations)

it refers to goal

Bulls eye.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2010, 12:55
1
2
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

a) like that of earlier generations - we need "as" to compare clauses
b) as that for earlier generations
c) just as earlier generations did
d) as have earlier generations
e) as it [goal] was of earlier generations - parallel.

According to a recent poll, owning and living.............is a goal of a majority of young adults, as goal was of earlier generations.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2011, 12:17
jullysabat wrote:
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults,like that of earlier generations.

A) like that of earlier generations.
B) as that of earlier generations.
C) just as earlier generations did
D) as have earlier generations
E) as it was of earlier generations

Its an OG 12 Q..I got this wrong..Not able to even get the explanations mentioned.
Can anyone pls explain.


Hello friends, I am facing some problem with the use of pronoun "it" and "its" here.
How "it" in E is referring to "owning and living" phrase and why not to a free house?
And "its" is referring what?
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2012, 23:32
2
jitgoel wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


(A) like that of earlier generations -- "like that"- wrong comparison + not parallel
(B) as that for earlier generations - not parallel + "that" has a wrong usage here.
(C) just as earlier generations did - action by the earlier generations
(D) as have earlier generations - wrong usage as have
(E) as it was of earlier generations - this is perfectly parallel

"still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations"

The answer is
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2013, 05:34
HerrGrau wrote:
Hi,

Let's see if we can break this one down. This is a comparison so both sides of the comparison need to be parallel in structure. The first half of the comparison has the structure doing X is still a goal of Y so the second half needs to have that same structure such as: as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, like that of group Y in the past. This is missing the verb in the second of half. Owning and living in a freestanding house is incorrectly replaced by THAT instead of IT.

Let's pretend that we could use THAT the sentence would read: Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults like owning and living in a freestanding house a goal of earlier generations. The verb is missing from the second half.

(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past or Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults as owning and living in a freestanding house was a goal of earlier generations. This is parallel throughout.

It often helps to replace the pronouns with the nouns that they are replacing so that you get a more complete idea of how the sentence should be structured.

I hope that this helps. Let me know if you need more advice on this question.

HG.


do you mean that in the structure:

main clause + comma+like

"like" refers to the subject of the main clause. for example

I speake English, like you

in this sentence "Like you" modifies " I" . is that correct?

and so , in A we have

"like that of earlier generations" refer to " owning and living"

and we have

"like the goal of earlier generation" refers to "owning and living". this is absurd.

is my thinking correct?
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2013, 12:41
3
2
Hi,

OK, let 's take a deeper look here:

You have two ideas in this sentence.

1. Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults.

2. Living in a freestanding house on its own land was a goal of earlier generations.


In order to create a comparison we have to maintain all of the elements in both ideas. So we end up with this:

Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults as living in a freestanding house on its own land was a goal of earlier generations.


Repeat nouns can be replaced by it/that. In general IT can replace an entire phrase while THAT replaces only a piece. In the example above THAT could replace A GOAL but cannot replace LIVING IN A FREESTANDING HOUSE ON ITS OWN LAND.

An example of correct usage of THAT: The goal of the Giants is the same as THAT of the Jets: to win the Superbowl (That replaces the goal)

An example of correct usage of IT: Winning the super bowl is the goal of the Giants as IT is of the Jets. (IT replaces winning the superbowl)


The second example is very similar to the GMAT question.

So let's replace our noun phrase LIVING IN A FREESTANDING HOUSE ON ITS OWN LAND with IT.

Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults as it was a goal of earlier generations.

Last but not least "a goal" is implied so we can omit it.

Living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults as it was of earlier generations.

I hope that this resolves our concerns.

HG.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2013, 01:17
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fluke wrote:
The entire phrase is the subject:
"owning and living in a free standing house on its own land" and phrases are considered singular.


Actually phrases can be plural as well. For example:

Sleeping and reading are his hobbies.

However, the sentence here is unique in that sense because owning and living in a free standing house on its own land is just one goal, and hence singular.

Perhaps what you might be getting slightly confused with the fact that Noun clauses are always singular.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Sep 2014, 03:09
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
A. like that of earlier generations
B. as that of for earlier generations
C. just as earlier generations did
D. as have earlier generations
E. as it was of earlier generations

Could you please help me explain the following points?
1. Does the possessive pronoun 'its' stand for freestanding house?
2. Within my limit knowledge, the underlined part = like a goal of earlier generations. Is it right? If not, could you explain for me?
3. I am confused between A and E. Are their meaning different from each other?

Thank you very much.

Originally posted by misanguyen2010 on 05 Dec 2013, 20:45.
Last edited by Gnpth on 29 Sep 2014, 03:09, edited 3 times in total.
edited the Title and added OA
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2013, 12:50
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misanguyen2010 wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
A. like that of earlier generations
B. as that of for earlier generations
C. just as earlier generations did
D. as have earlier generations
E. as it was of earlier generations

Could you please help me explain the following points?
1. Does the possessive pronoun 'its' stand for freestanding house?
2. Within my limit knowledge, the underlined part = like a goal of earlier generations. Is it right? If not, could you explain for me?
3. I am confused between A and E. Are their meaning different from each other?

Thank you very much.

The meaning of answer A and E is not the same. "Like" should always be placed very close to the noun that it refers to. Here it is placed just after the noun "a majority of young adults" and we may have the impression that it is "a majority of young adults" and not their goals that are being compared with the goals of earlier generations.
Answer E solves this problem by using the comparison with "as."
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Re: According to a recent poll,owning and living in a.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2014, 13:05
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To clarify, "that" does not always function as a pronoun and even when functioning as a pronoun it's not always acting in this "new copy" fashion. This particular sentence, however, does have "that" acting as a pronoun where it would be a new copy. Here is another GMATPrep sentence that uses "that" in the same way: "The Neanderthal had a vocal tract like THAT of the apes" (I'm pulling from memory so that may not be word-for-word).

Using the pronoun "that" to represent a new copy doesn't work particularly well here. It makes sense when you are talking about things that obviously cannot be shared: "Their house looks just like that of my parents" or "Her dancing was superior to that of her rival". [Notice that the "new-copy" that construction is a bit awkward and can be easily stated in other ways, such as using the possessive.] In this sentence the goals are shared and not exclusive, so it doesn't really call for "that" as a pronoun.

The real kicker against "that" in this problem (as cited by the OA) is the lack of parallelism between the main clause and this subordinate clause. "That" would stand in the place of the very long idea "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land", which is followed by the verb "is". To be parallel, we would need to include the verb "was" after "that" to be parallel in structure. ....owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal..., as that was... [again, I would prefer using the pronoun "it" to indicate the goals are the same]

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Re: According to a recent poll,owning and living in a.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2014, 22:40
To add to what Kyle Widdison stated above, we anyway cannot assume the verb (is/was) after that in option A, because this option uses like.

Remember that like is a preposition and so, cannot be followed by verb (prepositions can only be followed by nouns/pronouns/noun-phrases).
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Re: According to a recent poll,owning and living in a. &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jul 2014, 22:40

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