Last visit was: 21 Jun 2024, 16:17 It is currently 21 Jun 2024, 16:17
Close
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Close
Request Expert Reply
Confirm Cancel
SORT BY:
Date
Tags:
Difficulty: 555-605 Level,    Comparisons,                         
Show Tags
Hide Tags
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 20 Feb 2006
Posts: 76
Own Kudos [?]: 461 [452]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Most Helpful Reply
Tutor
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 257
Own Kudos [?]: 629 [119]
Given Kudos: 38
GMAT 1: 760 Q47 V48
GMAT 2: 770 Q49 V47
GMAT 3: 780 Q49 V51
Send PM
Tutor
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 257
Own Kudos [?]: 629 [39]
Given Kudos: 38
GMAT 1: 760 Q47 V48
GMAT 2: 770 Q49 V47
GMAT 3: 780 Q49 V51
Send PM
User avatar
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 781
Own Kudos [?]: 2597 [24]
Given Kudos: 5
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
11
Kudos
13
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
To clarify, "that" does not always function as a pronoun and even when functioning as a pronoun it's not always acting in this "new copy" fashion. This particular sentence, however, does have "that" acting as a pronoun where it would be a new copy. Here is another GMATPrep sentence that uses "that" in the same way: "The Neanderthal had a vocal tract like THAT of the apes" (I'm pulling from memory so that may not be word-for-word).

Using the pronoun "that" to represent a new copy doesn't work particularly well here. It makes sense when you are talking about things that obviously cannot be shared: "Their house looks just like that of my parents" or "Her dancing was superior to that of her rival". [Notice that the "new-copy" that construction is a bit awkward and can be easily stated in other ways, such as using the possessive.] In this sentence the goals are shared and not exclusive, so it doesn't really call for "that" as a pronoun.

The real kicker against "that" in this problem (as cited by the OA) is the lack of parallelism between the main clause and this subordinate clause. "That" would stand in the place of the very long idea "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land", which is followed by the verb "is". To be parallel, we would need to include the verb "was" after "that" to be parallel in structure. ....owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal..., as that was... [again, I would prefer using the pronoun "it" to indicate the goals are the same]

KW
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5125
Own Kudos [?]: 4686 [12]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
9
Kudos
3
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-
chuckle wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.


(A) like that of earlier generations

(B) as that for earlier generations

(C) just as earlier generations did

(D) as have earlier generations

(E) as it was of earlier generations



Concepts tested here: Meaning + Idioms

• “like” is used for comparing nouns, “as” is used for comparing actions/clauses, and “such as” is used for giving examples.
• Comparison must always be made between similar elements.

A: Trap. This answer choice incorrectly compares the clause “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to the phrase “that of earlier generations”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements. Further, Option A incorrectly uses “like” to compare a clause; remember, “like” is used for comparing nouns, “as” is used for comparing actions/clauses, and “such as” is used for giving examples.

B: This answer choice incorrectly compares the clause “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to the phrase “that for earlier generations”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements.

C: This answer choice incorrectly compares “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to “earlier generations did”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements.

D: This answer choice incorrectly compares the clause “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to the phrase “have earlier generations”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements.

E: Correct. This answer choice correctly compares the clauses “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” and “it was of earlier generations”. Further, Option D correctly uses “as” to compare two clauses.

Hence, E is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Like" vs "As" on GMAT, you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
Experts' Global Team
General Discussion
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2004
Posts: 194
Own Kudos [?]: 215 [12]
Given Kudos: 0
Location: Europe
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
9
Kudos
3
Bookmarks
'E' it is.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.
User avatar
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Aug 2007
Posts: 300
Own Kudos [?]: 586 [4]
Given Kudos: 0
Concentration: MC, PE, VC
 Q50  V37
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
3
Kudos
ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


E.
"owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land" is a clause and demands "as"; "was" is parallel with "is"
User avatar
Director
Director
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 717
Own Kudos [?]: 3084 [14]
Given Kudos: 5
Location: New York
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
6
Kudos
6
Bookmarks
ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


Clearly E for parallelsim and "as" for comparing two clauses
X is goal of you youg adults, as it was of earlier generation
--> X is goal of you youg adults, as X was [goal]of earlier generation.
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 19 Mar 2008
Posts: 203
Own Kudos [?]: 220 [3]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
1
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

The first sentence is "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults", we should look for similar structure in the 2nd sentence.

(A) like that of earlier generations
= like that (the goal) of earlier generations
= WRONG, not ll to 1st sentence

(B) as that for earlier generations
= WRONG, "as" is used to modify clause instead of noun "that"

(C) just as earlier generations did
= WRONG, because of "as" again

(D) as have earlier generations
= as earlier generations have
= not ll
=WRONG

(E) as it was of earlier generations
= as it was (the goal) of earlier generations
= ll with first sentence
= Correct

Ans is E
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 25 Feb 2010
Posts: 208
Own Kudos [?]: 321 [8]
Given Kudos: 10
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
6
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
E

U can cut down the options - B, C and D.

Confusion comes between A and E. Right?

LIKE is used for comparison where SUCH AS is used for providing example.

Again another point is LIKE can be used two between two nouns or pronouns where AS is used to compare between two clauses.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Status:Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Posts: 470
Own Kudos [?]: 2407 [4]
Given Kudos: 36
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
2
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
E it is.

Apples Vs Apples.

x is still a goal of y (youth) as it was of z (earlier generations)

it refers to goal

Bulls eye.
User avatar
Director
Director
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 632
Own Kudos [?]: 3269 [5]
Given Kudos: 6
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
2
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

a) like that of earlier generations - we need "as" to compare clauses
b) as that for earlier generations
c) just as earlier generations did
d) as have earlier generations
e) as it [goal] was of earlier generations - parallel.

According to a recent poll, owning and living.............is a goal of a majority of young adults, as goal was of earlier generations.
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2011
Status:Struggling hard to maintain focus
Posts: 75
Own Kudos [?]: 72 [0]
Given Kudos: 11
Location: Kolkata
Concentration: General Management , Enterprenureship
Schools:ISB, IIM
GMAT 2: 690  Q50  V34
GPA: 3.93
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
jullysabat wrote:
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults,like that of earlier generations.

A) like that of earlier generations.
B) as that of earlier generations.
C) just as earlier generations did
D) as have earlier generations
E) as it was of earlier generations

Its an OG 12 Q..I got this wrong..Not able to even get the explanations mentioned.
Can anyone pls explain.


Hello friends, I am facing some problem with the use of pronoun "it" and "its" here.
How "it" in E is referring to "owning and living" phrase and why not to a free house?
And "its" is referring what?
User avatar
Retired Moderator
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 1108
Own Kudos [?]: 4732 [8]
Given Kudos: 376
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
5
Kudos
3
Bookmarks
akbism wrote:
jullysabat wrote:
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults,like that of earlier generations.

A) like that of earlier generations.
B) as that of earlier generations.
C) just as earlier generations did
D) as have earlier generations
E) as it was of earlier generations

Its an OG 12 Q..I got this wrong..Not able to even get the explanations mentioned.
Can anyone pls explain.


Hello friends, I am facing some problem with the use of pronoun "it" and "its" here.
How "it" in E is referring to "owning and living" phrase and why not to a free house?
And "its" is referring what?


The entire phrase is the subject:
"owning and living in a free standing house on its own land" and phrases are considered singular.
Thus,
the verb "is"(Singular)
AND
"it" refers to the entire phrase.

"house" can't be the main subject AS it is the object of the prepositional phrase "in a free standing house".

E is ||el as well:

"OWNING" is still a goal OF young
AS
"IT" was OF earlier generations

Meaning wise:
house is the goal.
Owning something is a goal.

Which one sounds more logical.
User avatar
BSchool Moderator
Joined: 28 May 2012
Posts: 83
Own Kudos [?]: 424 [2]
Given Kudos: 11
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.33
WE:Information Technology (Retail)
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
2
Kudos
jitgoel wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


(A) like that of earlier generations -- "like that"- wrong comparison + not parallel
(B) as that for earlier generations - not parallel + "that" has a wrong usage here.
(C) just as earlier generations did - action by the earlier generations
(D) as have earlier generations - wrong usage as have
(E) as it was of earlier generations - this is perfectly parallel

"still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations"

The answer is
Director
Director
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 526
Own Kudos [?]: 525 [2]
Given Kudos: 916
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
2
Bookmarks
HerrGrau wrote:
Hi,

Let's see if we can break this one down. This is a comparison so both sides of the comparison need to be parallel in structure. The first half of the comparison has the structure doing X is still a goal of Y so the second half needs to have that same structure such as: as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, like that of group Y in the past. This is missing the verb in the second of half. Owning and living in a freestanding house is incorrectly replaced by THAT instead of IT.

Let's pretend that we could use THAT the sentence would read: Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults like owning and living in a freestanding house a goal of earlier generations. The verb is missing from the second half.

(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations
This translates to: Doing X is still a goal of group Y, as doing X was a goal of group Y in the past or Owning and living in a freestanding house is still a goal of of a majority of young adults as owning and living in a freestanding house was a goal of earlier generations. This is parallel throughout.

It often helps to replace the pronouns with the nouns that they are replacing so that you get a more complete idea of how the sentence should be structured.

I hope that this helps. Let me know if you need more advice on this question.

HG.


do you mean that in the structure:

main clause + comma+like

"like" refers to the subject of the main clause. for example

I speake English, like you

in this sentence "Like you" modifies " I" . is that correct?

and so , in A we have

"like that of earlier generations" refer to " owning and living"

and we have

"like the goal of earlier generation" refers to "owning and living". this is absurd.

is my thinking correct?
CEO
CEO
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 3693
Own Kudos [?]: 3533 [7]
Given Kudos: 149
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
4
Kudos
3
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
fluke wrote:
The entire phrase is the subject:
"owning and living in a free standing house on its own land" and phrases are considered singular.


Actually phrases can be plural as well. For example:

Sleeping and reading are his hobbies.

However, the sentence here is unique in that sense because owning and living in a free standing house on its own land is just one goal, and hence singular.

Perhaps what you might be getting slightly confused with the fact that Noun clauses are always singular.
avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2013
Posts: 14
Own Kudos [?]: 20 [12]
Given Kudos: 89
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
1
Kudos
11
Bookmarks
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
A. like that of earlier generations
B. as that of for earlier generations
C. just as earlier generations did
D. as have earlier generations
E. as it was of earlier generations

Could you please help me explain the following points?
1. Does the possessive pronoun 'its' stand for freestanding house?
2. Within my limit knowledge, the underlined part = like a goal of earlier generations. Is it right? If not, could you explain for me?
3. I am confused between A and E. Are their meaning different from each other?

Thank you very much.

Originally posted by misanguyen2010 on 05 Dec 2013, 21:45.
Last edited by Gnpth on 29 Sep 2014, 04:09, edited 3 times in total.
edited the Title and added OA
User avatar
Bloomberg Exam Prep Representative
Joined: 21 Aug 2013
Posts: 24
Own Kudos [?]: 161 [11]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
6
Kudos
5
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
misanguyen2010 wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
A. like that of earlier generations
B. as that of for earlier generations
C. just as earlier generations did
D. as have earlier generations
E. as it was of earlier generations

Could you please help me explain the following points?
1. Does the possessive pronoun 'its' stand for freestanding house?
2. Within my limit knowledge, the underlined part = like a goal of earlier generations. Is it right? If not, could you explain for me?
3. I am confused between A and E. Are their meaning different from each other?

Thank you very much.

The meaning of answer A and E is not the same. "Like" should always be placed very close to the noun that it refers to. Here it is placed just after the noun "a majority of young adults" and we may have the impression that it is "a majority of young adults" and not their goals that are being compared with the goals of earlier generations.
Answer E solves this problem by using the comparison with "as."
CEO
CEO
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 3693
Own Kudos [?]: 3533 [3]
Given Kudos: 149
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Send PM
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
3
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
To add to what Kyle Widdison stated above, we anyway cannot assume the verb (is/was) after that in option A, because this option uses like.

Remember that like is a preposition and so, cannot be followed by verb (prepositions can only be followed by nouns/pronouns/noun-phrases).
GMAT Club Bot
Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
 1   2   3   4   
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6954 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
238 posts