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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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waytowharton wrote:
Thanks for your reply MartyTargetTestPrep,

Could you please help me in one additional doubt. Can't that in "like that of earlier generations" refer to goal and then the comparison would be between like goal of young adults and goal of earlier generations?

No, it can't because the sentence doesn't compare those things.

The sentence doesn't say "like that of earlier generations, the goal of young adults is."

It says, "like that the of earlier generations, owning ... a house ... is."

So, it doesn't compare "that" with "the goal."

It compares "that" with "owning ... a house."

Thus, "that" cannot stand for "the goal."
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.


(A) like that of earlier generations

It seems that "that" is referring back to "goal" (because of the "of"), so that seems incorrect. In addition, what exactly are we looking to compare here? the idea is to compare the facts that "something is xx" vs past, so we would need a sentence after the comma and we know that we cannot have a sentence after like, so it is incorrect

(B) as that for earlier generations

Mmm if we consider that ellipsis happened was considered here, we would have something like "as that for earlier generations was", so we have: "as owning and living for earlier generations was". Other way to consider this one, is to say that "as" is comparing "that" to another noun, so that is problematic, but lets keep it for now.


(C) just as earlier generations did

the verb in the previous sentences is "is" vs "did" here, so it is not good. Also the meaning is non sensical, what earlier generations did?


(D) as have earlier generations

similar as C) (have instead of did)

(E) as it was of earlier generations

lets try this one... it is replacing owning and living, so we have: as owning and living was (a goal) of earlier generations, looks good.

Answer is E.
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
KyleWiddison wrote:
To clarify, "that" does not always function as a pronoun and even when functioning as a pronoun it's not always acting in this "new copy" fashion. This particular sentence, however, does have "that" acting as a pronoun where it would be a new copy. Here is another GMATPrep sentence that uses "that" in the same way: "The Neanderthal had a vocal tract like THAT of the apes" (I'm pulling from memory so that may not be word-for-word).

Using the pronoun "that" to represent a new copy doesn't work particularly well here. It makes sense when you are talking about things that obviously cannot be shared: "Their house looks just like that of my parents" or "Her dancing was superior to that of her rival". [Notice that the "new-copy" that construction is a bit awkward and can be easily stated in other ways, such as using the possessive.] In this sentence the goals are shared and not exclusive, so it doesn't really call for "that" as a pronoun.

The real kicker against "that" in this problem (as cited by the OA) is the lack of parallelism between the main clause and this subordinate clause. "That" would stand in the place of the very long idea "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land", which is followed by the verb "is". To be parallel, we would need to include the verb "was" after "that" to be parallel in structure. ....owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal..., as that was... [again, I would prefer using the pronoun "it" to indicate the goals are the same]

KW


If we are using "that" along with a verb here in this sentence, that makes the sentence a clause. So, using "that" still does not make the option choice right. We will have to use "as" instead along with the verb so as to make the option the right answer. Am I missing anything here ?
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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