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# According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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Here is a similar question from GMAT Pill E Book and according to them the answer is B . Phew!

I think their e book is quite confusing. Any comments?
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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KarishmaParmar

You may find the following simplified structure helpful.

A comparison is introduced by as. The word as compares the following 2 elements:

1. Owning and living is a goal of majority of young adults.
2. Owning and living was a goal of majority of young adults of earlier generations.

By virtue of parallelism and in order to avoid repetition, we are allowed to omit / replace certain words /phrases from the second element as is shown below:

2. it (owning and living replaced by pronoun) was (a goal of majority of young adults omitted) of earlier generations.

Therefore option E is correct.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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KarishmaParmar wrote:
Here is a similar question from GMAT Pill E Book and according to them the answer is B . Phew!

I think their e book is quite confusing. Any comments?

Hi,
the answer cannot be B, because of following reasons..
1) parallelism..
if in non underlined portion we are saying " top priority of students", it should be followed with of earlier generations..
There is no reason to change from "for' to "of"..

2) what can "that" stand for..
top priority:-
replace and see if it makes sense..
...graduating is a top property for students, as top property for earlier generations..

3) in the present structure, 'as' should introduce a subordinate clause..
so it requires a subject and verb..

Now WHAT to do with the book..
Any source should be able to duplicate a Q of OG correctly...
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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Dark_Horse wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults, like that of earlier generation.

a. like that of earlier generations.
b. as that of earlier generation.
c. just as earlier generations did.
d. as have earlier generations.
e. as it was of earlier generations.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.

Correct answer must be (E) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
Hi expert,
can pronoun it refer to the action "owning and living" ?
I boiled down to A and E,and chose A instead.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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I chose B.

....Goal of majority of young adults, as goal (that) of earlier generation.

please point out the error here.

In B, the parallelism is not maintained.

X is still a goal of present generation, as goal of past generation... a clause (blue font) is wrongly compared to a noun phrase ( pink font).

In E, parallelism is maintained properly between two clauses.
X is still a goal of present generation, as it was of past generation.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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nuttyxtreme wrote:
Hi expert,
can pronoun it refer to the action "owning and living" ?
I boiled down to A and E,and chose A instead.

The noun phrase "owning and living in a free standing house" is one entity (a goal), not two actions. Since this is an official question, it can be seen that GMAT allows a complete noun phrase as antecedent.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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iMyself wrote:
Hi Expert,
Hope you're all well. Here the correct answer is E. Can you help me by saying what ''it'' and ''its'' refers to in this sentence, please? I mean what is the antecedent of these 2 things?
Thank you...
The its goes to house (a freestanding house on its own land). The it refers to owning and living.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
Quote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations

AjiteshArun wrote:
iMyself wrote:
Hi Expert,
Hope you're all well. Here the correct answer is E. Can you help me by saying what ''it'' and ''its'' refers to in this sentence, please? I mean what is the antecedent of these 2 things?
Thank you...
The its goes to house (a freestanding house on its own land). The it refers to owning and living.

Thank you for your kind response. But, if we replace owning and living with it, then the whole sentence becomes:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as owning and living was of earlier generations.. Does the RED part indicate any goal of earlier generation?
This sentence doesn't make sense to me yet. Does this sentence make sense to you brother?
Thanks again for your kind response.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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iMyself wrote:
Thank you for your kind response. But, if we replace owning and living with it, then the whole sentence becomes:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as owning and living was of earlier generations.. Does the RED part indicate any goal of earlier generation?
This sentence doesn't make sense to me yet. Does this sentence make sense to you brother?
Thanks again for your kind response.
I should have been clearer: the it points to the entire phrase with owning and living at its head. That is, the it points to owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land. Let's refer to that entire bit as XYZ.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as XYZ was (a goal) of earlier generations.
The a goal bit is understood.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
AjiteshArun wrote:
I should have been clearer: the it points to the entire phrase with owning and living at its head. That is, the it points to owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land. Let's refer to that entire bit as XYZ.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as XYZ was (a goal) of earlier generations.
The a goal bit is understood.

How a little pronoun (it) refers a giant things ( owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land)?
also, how should we know that there is a ''goal'' in the second part which is implied?
What is the rules to know all stuff?
Thank you...

Originally posted by TheUltimateWinner on 21 Mar 2017, 00:37.
Last edited by TheUltimateWinner on 09 Nov 2020, 13:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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iMyself wrote:
How a little pronoun (it) refers a giant things ( owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land)?
also, how should we know that there is a ''goal'' in the second part which is implied?
What is the rules to know all stuff?
Thank you...
It's perfectly normal. For example, in switching on a TV during a storm is dangerous because it could lead to electric shocks, the it refers to the whole thing (switching on a TV during a storm). So what is dangerous? Not switching on a TV (generally), but switching on a TV during a storm.

As for all the rules, you should practice as much as possible and expose yourself to as much GMAT material as you can.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
AjiteshArun wrote:
iMyself wrote:
Thank you for your kind response. But, if we replace owning and living with it, then the whole sentence becomes:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as owning and living was of earlier generations.. Does the RED part indicate any goal of earlier generation?
This sentence doesn't make sense to me yet. Does this sentence make sense to you brother?
Thanks again for your kind response.
I should have been clearer: the it points to the entire phrase with owning and living at its head. That is, the it points to owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land. Let's refer to that entire bit as XYZ.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as XYZ was (a goal) of earlier generations.
The a goal bit is understood.

Many many thanks for your nice explanation.

Off-topic:

Do you think the following sentence is correct regarding comparison?
Nowadays online education is more organized than before.
N.B.: It is urgent brother.
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iMyself wrote:
AjiteshArun wrote:
iMyself wrote:
Thank you for your kind response. But, if we replace owning and living with it, then the whole sentence becomes:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as owning and living was of earlier generations.. Does the RED part indicate any goal of earlier generation?
This sentence doesn't make sense to me yet. Does this sentence make sense to you brother?
Thanks again for your kind response.
I should have been clearer: the it points to the entire phrase with owning and living at its head. That is, the it points to owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land. Let's refer to that entire bit as XYZ.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.

XYZ is a still a goal of young adults, as XYZ was (a goal) of earlier generations.
The a goal bit is understood.

Many many thanks for your nice explanation.

Off-topic:

Do you think the following sentence is correct regarding comparison?
Nowadays online education is more organized than before.
N.B.: It is urgent brother.

No, it is not. You may omit parts in parallel structure only if they already occur in the sentence. Here the sentence without omission is:
Nowadays online education is more organized than (it was) before.

The verb "was" does not occur in the sentence and hence cannot be omitted.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]
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ssandeepan wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 85
Page: 744

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations

First Glance

The underline is very short; compare the answer choices before reading the original sentence. The first answer uses like while others use as; a comparison is being tested.

Issues

(1) Comparison: like that; as that; did; have

The like versus as split in the answers indicates that the sentence contains a comparison. What is the comparison? Also check the comparison for parallelism.

The sentence compares two groups: young adults today and those of earlier generations. The heart of the comparison is the fact that owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal of both groups. In other words, the full comparison itself is a clause, so as should be used to make the comparison (like is used to compare nouns). Further, as is used to compare two clauses but the second half of the comparison in answer (B) does not include a verb. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

Answers (C), (D), and (E) all correctly use as and include a verb in the second half of the comparison. Which is correct? Parallelism still rules the day. Owning and living is a goal today as owning and living was a goal in the past.

Answer (C) uses the verb did; the earlier generations did a goal?
Answer (D) uses the verb have; owning and living have earlier generations?

Neither makes sense. Eliminate answers (C) and (D).

Note that was and is are different tenses, but the clauses are still parallel. The simple past tense was is appropriate for something that was a goal of young adults in past generations, just as the simple present is reflects something that is a goal of young adults now.

Correct answer (E) offers a parallel structure for the comparison. The pronoun it refers to the noun phrase owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land, the verb was is parallel to the verb is.
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... (S) owning and living ... (V) is ... (Mod) a goal ... of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
"that" is used to compare two different things, we need to use "it" to compare the antecedent "owning and living" to itself.

(C) just as earlier generations did
Not parallel to first clause, makes no sense... what did earlier generations do?

(D) as have earlier generations
Not parallel to first clause

(E) as it was of earlier generations
Parallel to first clause,
"owning and living" = it
"is" = was
"a goal" = (omitted)
"of young adults" = of earlier generations
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

Cab Experts please shed light on why the singular verb is
correct for subject : owning and living ?
I assume owning and living are verb-ing acting as subjects (gerunds)
E.g. Singing is my hobby.
Singing: Verb-ing acting as noun
Main Verb: Is

What is the correct structure for:
Singing and traveling ARE my hobbies.

Whenever we see AND before the main verb (e.g. in OA = IS)
do not we ALWAYS use a plural verb?
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