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# According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts

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Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
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According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Mar 2018, 10:37
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Edit: This discussion has been retired. Find the new thread HERE.

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

A. than
B. than born
C. that they were

Edit: This discussion has been retired. Find the new thread HERE.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Originally posted by r019h on 07 Jul 2007, 18:35.
Last edited by bb on 09 Mar 2018, 10:37, edited 3 times in total.
Manager
Joined: 26 Apr 2007
Posts: 52
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2007, 18:51
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r019h wrote:
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

A. than
B. than born
C. that they were

Please give explanations to support your choices. OA will be posted soon.

more women over X than under it.

the sentence is comparing the age of women and not the age of babies born, so rule out B and E.
C and D - ruled out because of lack of parallelism. - more women over X than "they were"/"than there had been" is incorrect..
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 711
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2007, 19:30
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According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than (to women) under it.

A.
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 360
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2007, 11:35
asaf wrote:
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than (to women) under it.

A.

I selected A by POE, but this makes it clearer!

OA is A.
Director
Joined: 10 Feb 2006
Posts: 650
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2007, 23:08
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in
which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty .than under it.
A. than
B. than born
C. than they were
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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 897
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2007, 23:11
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According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in
which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty .than under it.
A. than
B. than born
C. than they were

under it = under the age (of thirty)

if you replace each answer choice, only A would make sense.
VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1069
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2008, 05:55
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According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.
A. than
B. than born
C. than they were
Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 756
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2008, 21:12
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A. than
B. than born
C. than they were

This is tough one – twister. So, one way to resolve is to flip the sentence and check which one makes sense.

A: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than under age of thirty.[Hold it]

B: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than born under age of thirty.[This makes invalid – eliminate it]

C: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than they were under age of thirty.[Same women delivered over age thirty and under thirty – changes the meaning of the sentence – eliminate it]

D: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than there had been under age of thirty.[Implies women were delivering babies – eliminate it]

E: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than had been under age of thirty.[Does not make sense – eliminate it]

VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1069
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2008, 21:41
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hanumayamma wrote:
A. than
B. than born
C. than they were

This is tough one – twister. So, one way to resolve is to flip the sentence and check which one makes sense.

A: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than under age of thirty.[Hold it]

B: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than born under age of thirty.[This makes invalid – eliminate it]

C: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than they were under age of thirty.[Same women delivered over age thirty and under thirty – changes the meaning of the sentence – eliminate it]

D: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than there had been under age of thirty.[Implies women were delivering babies – eliminate it]

E: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than had been under age of thirty.[Does not make sense – eliminate it]

I agree with your reasoning but OA is E and I don't catch why...source GMATPrep set 13
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2008
Posts: 127
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2008, 09:30
I still don't get this one. Obviously, it falls under the comparison and parallelism categories, but it's so complex, and I just don't agree with E as the OA
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Dec 2007
Posts: 429
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2008, 10:13
E doesn't make sense at all. Explaination anyone ?
Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2007
Posts: 108
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2008, 14:07
Guys,

This question is a part of Brutal SC. The OA is A. You are right.

Cheers!
Leopard
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Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2008
Posts: 561
Location: Kolkata,India
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2009, 16:48
Toughie!!Could somebody explain when and how do we know that a sentence has to be overturned in this way to fnd the correct ans.?
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Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Aug 2009
Posts: 406
Location: Sydney, Australia
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2009, 04:57
I just came across this on my GMAT prep and selected E as well. Can anyone offer an explanation to this question?
Manager
Joined: 14 Dec 2008
Posts: 135
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2009, 23:06
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IMO A, E looks wrong, had been is used in past progressive, and there is nothing like that, , what u think?
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 304
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2009, 23:31
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According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than [babies] had been born under it

By introducing the verb, the meaning of the sentence changes, saying that more babies were born under the age of thirty. This doesn't make any sense.

Option A, relies on the ellipsis to make the right comparison

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than [babies were born to women] under it [age of thirty]
Manager
Joined: 21 May 2009
Posts: 114
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2009, 08:39
Leopard wrote:
Guys,

This question is a part of Brutal SC. The OA is A. You are right.

Cheers!
Leopard

Wat are Brutal Sc Questions are they Considered Hard plz reply
Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2010
Posts: 30
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 05:40
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According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than were born to women under the age of 30

it=the age of 30
were born to women can be ellipsed
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 319
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2011, 23:06
hanumayamma wrote:
A. than
B. than born
C. than they were

This is tough one – twister. So, one way to resolve is to flip the sentence and check which one makes sense.

A: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than under age of thirty.[Hold it]

B: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than born under age of thirty.[This makes invalid – eliminate it]

C: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than they were under age of thirty.[Same women delivered over age thirty and under thirty – changes the meaning of the sentence – eliminate it]

D: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than there had been under age of thirty.[Implies women were delivering babies – eliminate it]

E: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than had been under age of thirty.[Does not make sense – eliminate it]

How do you form this kind of a sentence by flipping...can someone explain in detail??? PLEASE DONT JUST POST VOTE AND EXPLAIN IN DETAIL
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 319
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2011, 23:23
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asaf wrote:
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than (to women) under it.

A.

Can someone please tell me if my reasoning is correct???

After 'than' you see 'under': look back in the sentence whats the opposite of 'under' its 'over'…. So what comes after over in the original sentence …it is ' to women' ….so read sentence by putting (to women ) in brackets after than and before under…. You will see option A is correct…
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2011, 23:23

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