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Advertisement: Anyone who exercises knows from firsthand experience th  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Dec 2018, 22:23
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (01:18) correct 44% (02:17) wrong based on 108 sessions

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Advertisement: Anyone who exercises knows from firsthand experience that exercise leads to better performance of such physical organs as the heart and the lungs, as well as to improvement in muscle tone. And since your brain is a physical organ, your actions can improve its performance, too. Act now. Subscribe to Stimulus: read the magazine that exercises your brain.

The advertisement employs which one of the following argumentative strategies?


(A) It cites experimental evidence that subscribing to the product being advertised has desirable consequences.

(B) It ridicules people who do not subscribe to Stimulus by suggesting that they do not believe that exercise will improve brain capacity.

(C) It explains the process by which the product being advertised brings about the result claimed for its use.

(D) It supports its recommendation by a careful analysis of the concept of exercise.

(E) It implies that brains and muscle are similar in one respect because they are similar in another respect.

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Originally posted by nahid78 on 06 Apr 2017, 07:15.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2018, 22:23, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Advertisement: Anyone who exercises knows from firsthand experience th  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2017, 13:09
Top Contributor
Let us try to simplify the argument --

Exercise --> Better performance of physical organs such as the heart and the lungs

Brain = Physical organ

THEREFORE,
read the magazine (= Stimulus) that exercises your brain --> Improve your brain performance


As we read through, we figure that "brain" and "other physical organs" might not be comparable and that the argument is flawed.
Just because the brain is a "physical organ" we cannot infer that results similar to those found in heart and lungs will be applicable to the brain. Note that the initial argument is applicable only to some physical organs, not all. Moreover, the initial argument talks about physical exercise, not mental exercise. The argument makes the faulty assumption that because the brain is a "physical organ", similar results will be repeated.

Option A - Incorrect

"evidence that subscribing to the product being advertised has desirable consequences" -- No such evidence is offered. The only evidence offered is about improvement in physical performance.

Option B - Incorrect

"It ridicules people" -- no "ridicule" is made in the argument. "by suggesting that they do not believe that exercise will improve brain capacity" -- again no such suggestion is made

Option C - Incorrect

"process by which the product [= Stimulus] brings about the result [= increase in brain performance] claimed for its use" -- no such thing is done.

Option D - Incorrect

No careful analysis of "the concept of exercise" is performed.

Option E - Correct answer

"similar in another respect" = both are physical organs ---> "similar in one respect" = Exercise LEADS to improvement in performance of that organ.
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Re: Advertisement: Anyone who exercises knows from firsthand experience th  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 22:11
Option ‘e’ implies that brains and muscle are similar in one respect (like physical exercise tones up the muscles, reading magazines tones up the brain)because they are similar in one respect i.e. being physical organ.
Hence, e is the answer.
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Re: Advertisement: Anyone who exercises knows from firsthand experience th &nbs [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 22:11
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