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# After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja

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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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C.

After the tsunami, the residents of a city built a wall, PROTECTING the city against another disaster.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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im with E

why'd they build a wall?

they built a wall in order to protect

whyd they build a wall?

C says protecting against another disaster, awkward, changes meaning
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
Can some one please clarify this .
I am not able to narrow down after eliminating A , D.
SO bacially i am stuck with B, C , E
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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In E: The comma after long is a problem there, because the comma indicates that a modifier, an adverbial modifier using a verb+ing form is about to come to modify the entire essence of the preceding clause. However, what we have here is an infinitive. Normally a sentence does not take an infinitive after a comma.

If the comma were not there after long, I think E would be ok as it is; IMO the phrase ‘a way to protect the city against another disaster’ simply dangles without a suitable modified noun or action.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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mbunny wrote:
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

A) a way to protect
B) in efforts to protect
C) protecting
D) to protect in one way
E) in order to protect

hi sumanainampudi,

In ref to a PM

firstly what should separate out choices is COMMA right before the underlined portion.

B,D and E start with a preposition and show a break in continuity of a sentence
Only two choices - A and C - are left

lets see A first..
a way to protect - this is used as an appositive modifier and is used to modify a noun but here it does not fit

Now lets see why C is correct
protecting
this is verb+ing modifier or a present participle and when preceded by a COMMA modifies the PRECEDING clause, that is it gives some purpose etc of the clause

so C fits in here
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
IMO: after the comma, a modifier is used; modifier correctly modifying a wall.

Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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rupeshnverbal wrote:
IMO: after the comma, a modifier is used; modifier correctly modifying a wall.

Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

A way is like a method, and it's not very accurate to call a wall a method.

You could also try the official question that this question is based on.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
rupeshnverbal wrote:
'A way...'

isn't that absolute phrase?
No. It is an appositive. "A way..." is just a noun that is supposed to describe the wall.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
AjiteshArun wrote:
rupeshnverbal wrote:
IMO: after the comma, a modifier is used; modifier correctly modifying a wall.

Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?

A way is like a method, and it's not very accurate to call a wall a method.

You could also try the official question that this question is based on.

Really thanks AjiteshArun for your kind simple explanation and pointing out the OG question. Now I understood the logic behind it.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
Mo2men wrote:
Really thanks AjiteshArun for your kind simple explanation and pointing out the OG question. Now I understood the logic behind it.
And thank you for the kind words, Mo2men. I think that it was a great gesture from your side to take the time to add that reply.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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Quote:
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

A) a way to protect
B) in efforts to protect
C) protecting
D) to protect in one way
E) in order to protect

The right answer is C and here is the quick way to get there. The final clause must have an action within it, or it is not a clause. "protecting" is the only option that has an action taking place, hence it is the right answer.

- Matoo
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After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
Hi Ajitesharun
The Japanese made an ATTEMPT/EFFORT to protect the city; they didn't protect it.
The correct choice(C) says that Japanese built the wall, protecting the city.
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After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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AKY13 wrote:
Hi Ajitesharun
The Japanese made an ATTEMPT/EFFORT to protect the city; they didn't protect it.
The correct choice(C) says that Japanese built the wall, protecting the city.
Hi AKY13,

I get your "attempt/effort" point. There are a couple of things to consider here:

1. It's really hard to say whether the wall proved effective, so it's hard to take a call on whether this was just an attempt or not (an attempt may be successful or unsuccessful).
2. The sentence really focuses on only one thing. This means that even if we go with effort, we should go with "in an effort to" and not "in efforts to". The plural efforts would imply that many "efforts" were made.

There's no real harm going through this question, but don't forget that at the end of the day, this is a (not very good) copy of an official question. Whatever we feel about the options in this question, we must make sure we understand why option C is the correct answer to that official question.
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After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
AjiteshArun wrote:
AKY13 wrote:
Hi Ajitesharun
The Japanese made an ATTEMPT/EFFORT to protect the city; they didn't protect it.
The correct choice(C) says that Japanese built the wall, protecting the city.
Hi AKY13,

My apologies. I must have looked at only the most recent post.

I get your "attempt/effort" point. There are a couple of things to consider here:

1. It's really hard to say whether the wall proved effective, so it's hard to take a call on whether this was just an attempt or not (an attempt may be successful or unsuccessful).
2. The sentence really focuses on only one thing. This means that even if we go with effort, we should go with "in an effort to" and not "in efforts to". The plural efforts would imply that many "efforts" were made.

There's no real harm going through this question, but don't forget that at the end of the day, this is a (not very good) copy of an official question. Whatever we feel about the options in this question, we must make sure we understand why option C is the correct answer to that official question.

Ajitesharun
Thanks for enlightening with the dynamics of GMAT.
Then why won't E be better than C.
"in order to protect"
To me, option E gives the intended meaning.

Originally posted by AKY13 on 28 May 2019, 18:33.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Jun 2021, 00:57, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
AKY13 wrote:
Ajitesharun
Thanks for enlightening with the dynamics of GMAT.
Then why won't E be better than C.
"in order to protect"
To me, option E gives a intended meaning.
Again, I get what you're trying to say about option E, but we should really shift our focus to the official question now. There is no significant difference between "in order to protect" in the last option of this question and "to protect" in the last option of the official question. The non-underlined part of this question, however, is not a very good copy of the official question. In the official question, there is a problem in the meaning of option E. In this question, that particular problem is not there.

As I said earlier, there is no real harm in doing this question, but you should make sure that you are comfortable choosing C in the official question.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
Shouldn't verb+ing modifier make sense with the subject of the clause? I rejected C because I thought it doesn't make sense with the subject "residents of Japanese city".
Could you please tell me where I have faulted in my reasoning?
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
punith0894 wrote:
Shouldn't verb+ing modifier make sense with the subject of the clause? I rejected C because I thought it doesn't make sense with the subject "residents of Japanese city".
Could you please tell me where I have faulted in my reasoning?

I don't much care for this problem. The only reason 'E' is wrong is a comma, and I can't think of an OG question where the presence of a comma is sufficient to declare an answer choice incorrect.

This question is clearly based on this official question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/for-members- ... 48494.html

I think the official question is better.
Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Ja [#permalink]
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