It is currently 19 Nov 2017, 09:24

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Algebra: Tips and hints

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 42249

Kudos [?]: 132696 [0], given: 12335

Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jul 2014, 11:30
Expert's post
32
This post was
BOOKMARKED

Algebra: Tips and hints



!
This post is a part of the Quant Tips and Hints by Topic Directory focusing on Quant topics and providing examples of how to approach them. Most of the questions are above average difficulty.

Algebraic Identities
1. \((x+y)^2=x^2+y^2+2xy\)
2. \((x-y)^2=x^2+y^2-2xy\)
3. \(x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)\)
4. \((x+y)^2-(x-y)^2=4xy\)
5. \(x^3+y^3=(x+y)(x^2+y^2-xy)\)
6. \(x^3-y^3=(x-y)(x^2+y^2+xy)\)

Quadratics

The general form of a quadratic equation is \(ax^2+bx+c=0\). It's roots are:
\(x_1=\frac{-b-\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\) and \(x_2=\frac{-b+\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\)

Expression \(b^2-4ac\) is called discriminant:
  • If discriminant is positive quadratics has two roots;
  • If discriminant is negative quadratics has no root;
  • If discriminant is zero quadratics has one root.

When graphed quadratic expression (\(ax^2+bx+c=0\)) gives parabola:
Image
  • The larger the absolute value of \(a\), the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly.
  • If \(a\) is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.

Viete's theorem

Viete's theorem states that for the roots \(x_1\) and \(x_2\) of a quadratic equation \(ax^2+bx+c=0\):

\(x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a}\) AND \(x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}\).


Common mistake to avoid
Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We cannot divide by zero.

For example, \(xy=y\) cannot be reduced by \(y\) because \(y\) could be 0 and we cannot divide by 0. If we do we'll loose one of the solutions. The correct way is: \(xy=y\) --> \(xy-y=0\) --> \(y(x-1)=0\) --> \(y=0\) or \(x=1\).

This week's PS question
This week's DS Question

Theory on Algebra: algebra-101576.html

DS Algebra Questions to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=29
PS Algebra Questions to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=50

Special algebra set: new-algebra-set-149349.html


Please share your Algebra tips below and get kudos point. Thank you.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Kudos [?]: 132696 [0], given: 12335

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2011
Posts: 86

Kudos [?]: 113 [1], given: 31

Re: Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jul 2014, 14:28
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Bunuel wrote:
Algebraic Identities
3. \(x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)\)

Rule 3 is especially useful on GMAT. Sometimes it is obvious, as in PS 117 in OG 13: if-n-3-8-2-8-which-of-the-following-is-not-a-factor-of-n-132874.html

but sometimes it will be hidden, as in PS 199 in OG 13: topic-137149.html

In other words, if you are stuck and you see anything that might be expressed as "[perfect square] - [perfect square]", see if this can help you.

Kudos [?]: 113 [1], given: 31

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 15658

Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2015, 23:26
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

GMAT Books | GMAT Club Tests | Best Prices on GMAT Courses | GMAT Mobile App | Math Resources | Verbal Resources

Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 0

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 15658

Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2016, 09:53
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

GMAT Books | GMAT Club Tests | Best Prices on GMAT Courses | GMAT Mobile App | Math Resources | Verbal Resources

Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: love the club...
Joined: 24 Mar 2015
Posts: 193

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 439

Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2017, 10:10
Bunuel wrote:

Algebra: Tips and hints



!
This post is a part of the Quant Tips and Hints by Topic Directory focusing on Quant topics and providing examples of how to approach them. Most of the questions are above average difficulty.

Algebraic Identities
1. \((x+y)^2=x^2+y^2+2xy\)
2. \((x-y)^2=x^2+y^2-2xy\)
3. \(x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)\)
4. \((x+y)^2-(x-y)^2=4xy\)
5. \(x^3+y^3=(x+y)(x^2+y^2-xy)\)
6. \(x^3-y^3=(x-y)(x^2+y^2+xy)\)

Quadratics

The general form of a quadratic equation is \(ax^2+bx+c=0\). It's roots are:
\(x_1=\frac{-b-\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\) and \(x_2=\frac{-b+\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\)

Expression \(b^2-4ac\) is called discriminant:
  • If discriminant is positive quadratics has two roots;
  • If discriminant is negative quadratics has no root;
  • If discriminant is zero quadratics has one root.

When graphed quadratic expression (\(ax^2+bx+c=0\)) gives parabola:
Image
  • The larger the absolute value of \(a\), the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly.
  • If \(a\) is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.

Viete's theorem

Viete's theorem states that for the roots \(x_1\) and \(x_2\) of a quadratic equation \(ax^2+bx+c=0\):

\(x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a}\) AND \(x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}\).


Common mistake to avoid
Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We cannot divide by zero.

For example, \(xy=y\) cannot be reduced by \(y\) because \(y\) could be 0 and we cannot divide by 0. If we do we'll loose one of the solutions. The correct way is: \(xy=y\) --> \(xy-y=0\) --> \(y(x-1)=0\) --> \(y=0\) or \(x=1\).



Please share your Algebra tips below and get kudos point. Thank you.


hi man
great you are ..

I want to know parabola...
please let me understand few things as under:

1. When graphed quadratic expression (ax^2 + bx + c= 0) gives parabola:
Perhaps, on the graph, you plotted a, b, and c, please say to me which one is which ...?

2. The larger the absolute value of a, the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly:
please shed some light on this concept ....

3. If a is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.
also, shed some light ...

maybe they are very obvious....but I need some sort of clarification and your help...

thanks in advance, man..

Last edited by gmatcracker2017 on 20 Sep 2017, 10:34, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 439

Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 42249

Kudos [?]: 132696 [0], given: 12335

Re: Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2017, 10:15
gmatcracker2017 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

Algebra: Tips and hints



!
This post is a part of the Quant Tips and Hints by Topic Directory focusing on Quant topics and providing examples of how to approach them. Most of the questions are above average difficulty.

Algebraic Identities
1. \((x+y)^2=x^2+y^2+2xy\)
2. \((x-y)^2=x^2+y^2-2xy\)
3. \(x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)\)
4. \((x+y)^2-(x-y)^2=4xy\)
5. \(x^3+y^3=(x+y)(x^2+y^2-xy)\)
6. \(x^3-y^3=(x-y)(x^2+y^2+xy)\)

Quadratics

The general form of a quadratic equation is \(ax^2+bx+c=0\). It's roots are:
\(x_1=\frac{-b-\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\) and \(x_2=\frac{-b+\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\)

Expression \(b^2-4ac\) is called discriminant:
  • If discriminant is positive quadratics has two roots;
  • If discriminant is negative quadratics has no root;
  • If discriminant is zero quadratics has one root.

When graphed quadratic expression (\(ax^2+bx+c=0\)) gives parabola:
Image
  • The larger the absolute value of \(a\), the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly.
  • If \(a\) is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.

Viete's theorem

Viete's theorem states that for the roots \(x_1\) and \(x_2\) of a quadratic equation \(ax^2+bx+c=0\):

\(x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a}\) AND \(x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}\).


Common mistake to avoid
Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We cannot divide by zero.

For example, \(xy=y\) cannot be reduced by \(y\) because \(y\) could be 0 and we cannot divide by 0. If we do we'll loose one of the solutions. The correct way is: \(xy=y\) --> \(xy-y=0\) --> \(y(x-1)=0\) --> \(y=0\) or \(x=1\).



Please share your Algebra tips below and get kudos point. Thank you.


hi man
great you are ..

I want to know parabola...
please let me understand few things as under:

1. When graphed quadratic expression (ax^2 + bx + c= 0) gives parabola:
Perhaps, on the graph, you presented a, b, and c, please say to me which one is which ...?

2. The larger the absolute value of a, the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly:
please shed some light on this concept ....

3. If a is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.
also, shed some light ...

maybe they are very obvious....but I need some sort of clarification...

thanks in advance, man..


Check here: http://www.mathopenref.com/quadraticexplorer.html
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Kudos [?]: 132696 [0], given: 12335

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: love the club...
Joined: 24 Mar 2015
Posts: 193

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 439

Re: Algebra: Tips and hints [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2017, 14:29
Bunuel wrote:
gmatcracker2017 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

Algebra: Tips and hints



!
This post is a part of the Quant Tips and Hints by Topic Directory focusing on Quant topics and providing examples of how to approach them. Most of the questions are above average difficulty.

Algebraic Identities
1. \((x+y)^2=x^2+y^2+2xy\)
2. \((x-y)^2=x^2+y^2-2xy\)
3. \(x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)\)
4. \((x+y)^2-(x-y)^2=4xy\)
5. \(x^3+y^3=(x+y)(x^2+y^2-xy)\)
6. \(x^3-y^3=(x-y)(x^2+y^2+xy)\)

Quadratics

The general form of a quadratic equation is \(ax^2+bx+c=0\). It's roots are:
\(x_1=\frac{-b-\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\) and \(x_2=\frac{-b+\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\)

Expression \(b^2-4ac\) is called discriminant:
  • If discriminant is positive quadratics has two roots;
  • If discriminant is negative quadratics has no root;
  • If discriminant is zero quadratics has one root.

When graphed quadratic expression (\(ax^2+bx+c=0\)) gives parabola:
Image
  • The larger the absolute value of \(a\), the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly.
  • If \(a\) is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.

Viete's theorem

Viete's theorem states that for the roots \(x_1\) and \(x_2\) of a quadratic equation \(ax^2+bx+c=0\):

\(x_1+x_2=\frac{-b}{a}\) AND \(x_1*x_2=\frac{c}{a}\).


Common mistake to avoid
Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We cannot divide by zero.

For example, \(xy=y\) cannot be reduced by \(y\) because \(y\) could be 0 and we cannot divide by 0. If we do we'll loose one of the solutions. The correct way is: \(xy=y\) --> \(xy-y=0\) --> \(y(x-1)=0\) --> \(y=0\) or \(x=1\).



Please share your Algebra tips below and get kudos point. Thank you.


hi man
great you are ..

I want to know parabola...
please let me understand few things as under:

1. When graphed quadratic expression (ax^2 + bx + c= 0) gives parabola:
Perhaps, on the graph, you presented a, b, and c, please say to me which one is which ...?

2. The larger the absolute value of a, the steeper (or thinner) the parabola is, since the value of y is increased more quickly:
please shed some light on this concept ....

3. If a is positive, the parabola opens upward, if negative, the parabola opens downward.
also, shed some light ...

maybe they are very obvious....but I need some sort of clarification...

thanks in advance, man..


Check here: http://www.mathopenref.com/quadraticexplorer.html



hi man
thanks a lot :grin:

I have just visited the site. It is really awesome and very didactic.
thanks again, man 8-)

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 439

Re: Algebra: Tips and hints   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2017, 14:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Algebra: Tips and hints

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.