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# Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physica

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Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physica [#permalink]
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sting8 wrote:
Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physical theories can explain only why physical systems have certain physical structures and how these systems perform various physical functions. Thus, no strictly physical theory can explain consciousness.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Physical theories can explain only physical phenomena.
(B) An explanation of consciousness must encompass more than an explanation of physical structures and functions.
(C) The physical structures and functions of consciousness are currently unknown.
(D) Consciousness arises from processes that are entirely explainable by physical theories.
(E) An explanation of physical structures and functions must be formulated in strictly physical terms.

Source : LSAT PrepTest 37

A. Argument only talks about physical process, structure, function and theory. What exactly does phenomena refer to here is not clear - Incorrect

B. From the passage we know that Physical theory can explain -> Structure + Function. But if in order to explain consciousness, you need more information other than structure and function, then a physical theory will never be able to explain it. Think about a Venn diagram where Structure and Function are sub-sets of Consciousness. - Correct

C. This is a tempting choice and was in my final 2, but the word "currently" makes this choice an incorrect assumption. So if we negative this statement, does it break the argument. NO. - Incorrect

D. This actually weakens the argument since it goes against the conclusion that physical theory can never explain consciousness. - Incorrect

E. While the statement may be true in general, but it does not fill the gap why physical theory cannot explain consciousness. - Incorrect
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Re: Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physica [#permalink]
Premise 1: Phy Process causes Consciousness.
Premise 2: Phy Theories partially explains phy functions/systems, which basically defines phy processes
Conclusion: No Phy theory can explain consciousness

Possible Assumptions:
a. Phy theories are the only way we can define Physical process, which will, in turn, define Consciousness
b. Since phy theories do not fully define Phy processes, we can not explain consciousness. Hence, we need more infor to define phy processes. - option C states this.

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Re: Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physica [#permalink]
sting8 wrote:
Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physical theories can explain only why physical systems have certain physical structures and how these systems perform various physical functions. Thus, no strictly physical theory can explain consciousness.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Physical theories can explain only physical phenomena.
(B) An explanation of consciousness must encompass more than an explanation of physical structures and functions.
(C) The physical structures and functions of consciousness are currently unknown.
(D) Consciousness arises from processes that are entirely explainable by physical theories.
(E) An explanation of physical structures and functions must be formulated in strictly physical terms.

Source : LSAT PrepTest 37

Too many physical things.
Basically the passage treats physical processes and physical theories as separate. Only if there is no relation between the two it will be possible that physical theories don't explain consciousness.
A and E are out of scope. C is inferential in nature thus can't be the answer. D complicates the situation rather, weakening the conclusion - need a strengthener that would help explain why such conclusion was made.

B nicely explains the gap between the two and thus is the assumption required to be made.

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Re: Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physica [#permalink]
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Re: Although consciousness seems to arise from physical processes, physica [#permalink]
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