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Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant

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Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Jan 2018, 05:59
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A
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Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

(A) the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its

(B) the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its

(C) many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s

(D) having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s

(E) recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s

Originally posted by mendelay on 16 Sep 2009, 13:36.
Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Jan 2018, 05:59, edited 4 times in total.
Added the OA
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 22:15
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hibobotamuss wrote:
Hi, can someone break this down a little clearly? Not convinced with the explanation given here. I still think A has awkward number of 'its' appearing one after the other...doesn't feel clear to me

While the Official Guide often offers "awkwardness" as a justification for eliminating incorrect options, the reality is that "awkward" is a completely subjective term that doesn't actually mean anything. Frankly, tons of CORRECT answers on the GMAT look pretty freaking awkward to me.

In other words: "awkward" is not a good reason to eliminate anything on the GMAT. There are always better reasons than that -- regardless of what the lazy OG explanation-writers might say.

Quote:
(A) Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

The terms in blue are all the subjects of their respective clauses. Whenever a pronoun is the subject of a clause - or a possessive modifier, as is the case here for the two "its" - the most logical place to look for an antecedent is the subject of the first clause, or "the restaurant company." This makes perfect sense. The company's overall sales have increased even though the company's sales at older restaurants have gone down.

And for what it's worth, using two pronouns to refer to the same antecedent is pretty common, and it's only a problem if the referent is illogical. Here, it isn't.

Quote:
(B) Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

As others have noted, there's an illogical shift in verb tense here. "Has added" and "have declined" are both present perfect, meaning the actions began in the past and continue into the present. However, "increased" is simple past.

While there's no rule forbidding tense shifts within a sentence, there should be some logical reason for the shift. Here, the shift is illogical, since the sentence is basically meaningless unless we're comparing sales in the same period. Contrast this with (A), which keeps all the actions in present perfect.

So (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) Although many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

First, we have the same verb tense problem as (B). We also have a problematic passive voice construction. While passive voice isn't inherently wrong, the clause "many new restaurants have recently been opened" leaves us wondering who or what was opening these restaurants. Worse still, the singular "its," seems to be referring back to the subject of the previous clause, the plural "restaurants," creating an agreement error. I suppose you could argue that "its" refers to "restaurant company's," but at best this construction is confusing.

So we have all sorts of reasons to ditch (C).

Quote:
(D) Although having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

There's a clear modifier problem here - the opening phrase seems to be describing the company's sales, leading to the illogical interpretation that the sales are adding restaurants. So (D) is gone, too.

Quote:
(E) Although recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

(E) has exactly the same modifier problem as (D). So we're left with (A).

The big takeaway: be wary of eliminating an answer choice because of "awkwardness" or pronoun ambiguity (more on pronoun ambiguity in this video). Instead, focus on finding four DEFINITE meaning or grammar problems in the other answer choices.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2011, 11:02
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mendelay wrote:
Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.
A. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its
Clear and precise
B. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its
'Sales have increased' sounds better than 'Sales increased'
C. many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s
Changes the meaning. Sounds as if restaurant company has no relation with newly opened restaurants
D. having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s
Modifier issue - seems to modify 'Company's sales'
E. recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s
Modifier issue - seems to modify 'Company's sales'


I was confused by 'its' but PoE helped to choose 'A'
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 21:01
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I have just one query.

I rejected the first three choices because of wrong modifier "its".

I thought that the modifier "its" can refer to either the company or the country, as this wrong placement was doubtful so I rejected "A".

Now can anyone pls explain that why my thinking was wrong? :( Can "its" refer to "country"??
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 06:32
The subject is the restaurant company. The country cannot be mistaken as the subject.
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 07:31
Hussain15 wrote:
I have just one query.

I rejected the first three choices because of wrong modifier "its".

I thought that the modifier "its" can refer to either the company or the country, as this wrong placement was doubtful so I rejected "A".

Now can anyone pls explain that why my thinking was wrong? :( Can "its" refer to "country"??


I am still unable to find the answer of my query. :(
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 07:40
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having is incorrect - D & E are out
B - is missing "have", which is required - out
C - has modifier error

A
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 07:49
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Please explain why have is necessary in this case.
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 08:15
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“Have” is necessary in A & B in order to maintain parallelism; the sentence begins “the restaurant company has…”
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 08:17
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mendelay wrote:
Please explain why have is necessary in this case.


We don’t need past tense in the second half of the underlined portion as sales have increased up until this point.

Sales is plural, so "have" usage is right.
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2011, 10:35
mendelay wrote:
Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.
A. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its
B. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its
C. many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s
D. having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s
E. recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s


A - no problem in A. "its" refers to "the restaurant company"
B - we need present perfect
C - Passive voice. "its" refers to restaurants, but should refer to "the restaurant company"
D - Awkward.
E - We need present perfect and not present continuous.

A wins
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2011, 11:35
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Hussain15 wrote:
I have just one query.

I rejected the first three choices because of wrong modifier "its".

I thought that the modifier "its" can refer to either the company or the country, as this wrong placement was doubtful so I rejected "A".

Now can anyone pls explain that why my thinking was wrong? :( Can "its" refer to "country"??


well, actually I have chosen a wrong answer too ;)) but found a good explanation why "its" can not refer to "country". it is because country is an object of the preposition "across" in this sentence.
my bad that I have not paid attention to that preposition (

hope I could help u
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2011, 07:14
mendelay wrote:
Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.
A. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its
B. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its
C. many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s
D. having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s
E. recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s


A wins. C,D and E are out because the subject is "restaurant company" and we want to maintain an active voice. We need a perfect tense (have) to show demarcation in time. (i.e. after adding many new restaurants, the sales have increased)
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2011, 09:00
I had initially rejected A to search for an alternate option; was hoping to find a sentence without icky 'its'. But C, D and E are plain wrong for using wrong pronouns to replace possessives.

Between B and A, A wins.
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2012, 05:39
A it is.......
most clear and it and its refer to company
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2012, 22:05
mendelay wrote:
Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.
A. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its
B. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its
C. many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s
D. having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s
E. recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s


i choose A. there is a verd-tense error in B. all verbs are in present tense except the verb increase, which is incorrect. in C, the intended meaning is distorted. it means that many restaurants of different company have been opened. D is out for parallelism. E is out for modifier error. correct me if i am wrong or my process of elimination is wrong.

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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2012, 22:05
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mendelay wrote:
Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.
A. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its
B. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its
C. many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s
D. having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s
E. recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s


i choose A. there is a verd-tense error in B. all verbs are in present tense except the verb increase, which is incorrect. in C, the intended meaning is distorted. it means that many restaurants of different company have been opened. D is out for parallelism. E is out for modifier error. correct me if i am wrong or my process of elimination is wrong.

regards. please give me some kudos...... :-D
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2012, 23:33
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A. CORRECT

B. INCORRECT: inconsistent verb tense on "its sales increased dramatically". It would have been correct if it's "its sales have increased dramatically"

C. INCORRECT: ambiguous pronoun "its sales"

D. INCORRECT: "the restaurant company’s sales" cannot be the subject of "having recently added many new restaurants across the country" at preceding clause

E. INCORRECT: "the restaurant company’s sales" cannot be the subject of "recently adding many new restaurants across the country" at preceding clause
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2012, 01:23
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I must say, this question is quite an eye opener to me. Previously I used to think that "sales" is usually used as singular only.
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2012, 00:25
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mendelay wrote:
Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.
A. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its
B. the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its
C. many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company’s
D. having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company’s
E. recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company’s


B - "have -ed" required to maintain parallelism
C - subject - "restaurent company" is missing, "its" without antecedent; lacks parallelism
D - whos' adding (subj - restaurent company missing)? Passive voice, and same issues as B; wrong usage of -ing
E - whos' adding (subj - restaurent company missing)? Passive voice, and same issues as above choices

So, A is the best!
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Re: Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurant   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2012, 00:25

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