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# An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the

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An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2007, 03:13
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An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in country x since its new government came to power. Neighboring country y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in country x, it has been rising in country y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

(a) Industrial production also is declining in country x.
(b) Whereas country y is landlocked, country x has a major seaport.
(c) Both country x and country y have been experiencing drought conditions.
(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y.
(e) Country x's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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07 Oct 2007, 03:46
D sounds most logical to me
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07 Oct 2007, 08:45
mexicanhoney wrote:
An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in country x since its new government came to power. Neighboring country y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in country x, it has been rising in country y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

(a) Industrial production also is declining in country x.
(b) Whereas country y is landlocked, country x has a major seaport.
(c) Both country x and country y have been experiencing drought conditions.
(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y.
(e) Country x's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.

D. nothing other than D weakens the argument.
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07 Oct 2007, 10:34
mexicanhoney wrote:
An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in country x since its new government came to power. Neighboring country y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in country x, it has been rising in country y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

(a) Industrial production also is declining in country x.
(b) Whereas country y is landlocked, country x has a major seaport.
(c) Both country x and country y have been experiencing drought conditions.
(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y.
(e) Country x's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.

D.

A: this strengthens the argument. Suggesting that centralized economy is to blame.
B: Irrelevent
C: Basically says what the psg said. X and Y experienced the same climate conditions.
E: Doesn't weaken the argument. This is irrelevent.

D: suggests that something else was the cause. i.e. bananas are grown in Y where as brussel sprouts grown in X.
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07 Oct 2007, 11:40
I will also vote for D.
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11 Jun 2011, 11:50
Why is A wrong? Doesnt it show that there is some other cause for the effect that is taking place other than the economy?

Industrial production could decline because the demand might be low (not necessarily because of economy) . Please explain in detail.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2011, 16:43
In cause and effect reasoning, for weakening

The choice that deals with attacking the relationship between cause and effect is preferred over a choice depicting alternate causes.

The above is an empirical rule i developed , while looking at a number of Weakening questions. I always found the above rule to hold in cause-effect reasoning questions .

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11 Jun 2011, 16:49
crick20002002 wrote:
In cause and effect reasoning, for weakening

The choice that deals with attacking the relationship between cause and effect is preferred over a choice depicting alternate causes.

The above is an empirical rule i developed , while looking at a number of Weakening questions. I always found the above rule to hold in cause-effect reasoning questions .

Crick

I am also talking about cause and effect weakening too .
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2011, 05:56
D
a- strengthens
b- out of scope
c- strengthens
d- weakens
e - out of scope
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13 Jun 2011, 01:31
D in a whisker.
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13 Jun 2011, 04:43
IMO : D
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2011, 05:53
mexicanhoney wrote:
An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in country x since its new government came to power. Neighboring country y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in country x, it has been rising in country y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

(a) Industrial production also is declining in country x.
(b) Whereas country y is landlocked, country x has a major seaport.
(c) Both country x and country y have been experiencing drought conditions.
(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y.
(e) Country x's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.

Conclusion: An overly centralized economy is responsible for bad agriculture yield. Change in climate is NOT Responsible.

Reasoning: Neighboring country y has the same climate as country x does, yet y is showing better yield.

Weakener:
D: It is weakening the statement by saying that same climate may very well be the reason why x has lower yield.
Say both x and y are experiencing drought like condition but,
x produces rice, which needs water in abundance
y produces cotton, which thrives well in dry climate.
Thus, y has better yield despite having same climate as x has.
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25 Aug 2012, 14:08
I was torn between B and D and went with B. Maybe I made too many assumptions here, but if country Y is landlocked while country X has a major seaport, that could explain why country Y is engaged in more farming to sustain itself while country X can rely on imports, etc. In my mind, I though this answer choice presented an alternative as to why Y would have a higher agricultural production despite having identical climate.
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09 Apr 2015, 21:31
in D assumption is different crop needs different climat
in B assumption is one with major seaport needs different agriculture policy, but probably policy hasn't change, even with different government style. So D wins
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08 May 2015, 23:37
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Conclusion: An overly centralized economy is responsible for bad agriculture yield. While the change in climate is NOT Responsible.

Consider option D: "The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y"

There are 2 points to consider:
1) Climatic conditions of country X is same as that of country Y.
2) Crop production of country X has decreased while it increased for country Y.

If the crops grown in both the countries is same then we can blame the economy. If the crops are different then we CAN'T blame the economy of the country.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2015, 13:33
HI Experts,
reto,
daagh,
WaterFlowsUp

Whats the reason for discarding B , i din't found something substantial to discard B
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10 Feb 2017, 08:16
kanigmat011 wrote:
HI Experts,
reto,
daagh,
WaterFlowsUp

Whats the reason for discarding B , i din't found something substantial to discard B

This post is really old, but will give my POV for future viewers:

What does a seaport have to do with agriculture? If it said more access to water bodies or inland rivers, then this answer would make sense. Besides, the focus here is 'climate.'
So D is the best choice.
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24 Feb 2017, 12:09
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I don't understand how D can be the right answer. It is stated in the Text that the poor production's rate was not noticed until the new government came to power, whereas answer choice D says that the crops which have been grown in country X and which are different from those planted in Y, have always been grown. So, the difference in production has to do with the policies the two countries take and not with the combination of plants grown in each one of those countries.

I think D could only be the right answer if it weren't stated that the low-production of country X has always been low and not since government X took control.
Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2017, 12:09
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