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An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp

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An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Sep 2018, 03:52
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An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in Country X since its new government came to power. Neighboring Country Y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in Country X, it has been rising in Country Y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?


(A) Industrial production also is declining in Country X.

(B) Whereas Country Y is landlocked, Country X has a major seaport.

(C) Both Country X and Country Y have been experiencing drought conditions.

(D) The crops that have always been grown in Country X are different from those that have always been grown in Country Y.

(E) Country X's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.

Originally posted by mexicanhoney on 07 Oct 2007, 04:13.
Last edited by Bunuel on 27 Sep 2018, 03:52, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 11:34
mexicanhoney wrote:
An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in country x since its new government came to power. Neighboring country y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in country x, it has been rising in country y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

(a) Industrial production also is declining in country x.
(b) Whereas country y is landlocked, country x has a major seaport.
(c) Both country x and country y have been experiencing drought conditions.
(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y.
(e) Country x's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.


D.

A: this strengthens the argument. Suggesting that centralized economy is to blame.
B: Irrelevent
C: Basically says what the psg said. X and Y experienced the same climate conditions.
E: Doesn't weaken the argument. This is irrelevent.

D: suggests that something else was the cause. i.e. bananas are grown in Y where as brussel sprouts grown in X.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2011, 12:50
Why is A wrong? Doesnt it show that there is some other cause for the effect that is taking place other than the economy?

Industrial production could decline because the demand might be low (not necessarily because of economy) . Please explain in detail.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2011, 17:43
In cause and effect reasoning, for weakening

The choice that deals with attacking the relationship between cause and effect is preferred over a choice depicting alternate causes.

The above is an empirical rule i developed , while looking at a number of Weakening questions. I always found the above rule to hold in cause-effect reasoning questions :) .


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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 06:53
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mexicanhoney wrote:
An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is responsible for the poor agricultural production in country x since its new government came to power. Neighboring country y has experienced the same climate conditions, but while agricultural production has been falling in country x, it has been rising in country y.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

(a) Industrial production also is declining in country x.
(b) Whereas country y is landlocked, country x has a major seaport.
(c) Both country x and country y have been experiencing drought conditions.
(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y.
(e) Country x's new government instituted a centralized economy with the intention of ensuring an equitable distribution of goods.


Conclusion: An overly centralized economy is responsible for bad agriculture yield. Change in climate is NOT Responsible.

Reasoning: Neighboring country y has the same climate as country x does, yet y is showing better yield.

Weakener:
D: It is weakening the statement by saying that same climate may very well be the reason why x has lower yield.
Say both x and y are experiencing drought like condition but,
x produces rice, which needs water in abundance
y produces cotton, which thrives well in dry climate.
Thus, y has better yield despite having same climate as x has.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2012, 15:08
I was torn between B and D and went with B. Maybe I made too many assumptions here, but if country Y is landlocked while country X has a major seaport, that could explain why country Y is engaged in more farming to sustain itself while country X can rely on imports, etc. In my mind, I though this answer choice presented an alternative as to why Y would have a higher agricultural production despite having identical climate.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2015, 22:31
in D assumption is different crop needs different climat
in B assumption is one with major seaport needs different agriculture policy, but probably policy hasn't change, even with different government style. So D wins
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2015, 00:37
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Conclusion: An overly centralized economy is responsible for bad agriculture yield. While the change in climate is NOT Responsible.

Consider option D: "The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y"

There are 2 points to consider:
1) Climatic conditions of country X is same as that of country Y.
2) Crop production of country X has decreased while it increased for country Y.

If the crops grown in both the countries is same then we can blame the economy. If the crops are different then we CAN'T blame the economy of the country.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2015, 14:33
HI Experts,
reto,
daagh,
WaterFlowsUp


Whats the reason for discarding B , i din't found something substantial to discard B
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2017, 09:16
kanigmat011 wrote:
HI Experts,
reto,
daagh,
WaterFlowsUp


Whats the reason for discarding B , i din't found something substantial to discard B

This post is really old, but will give my POV for future viewers:

What does a seaport have to do with agriculture? If it said more access to water bodies or inland rivers, then this answer would make sense. Besides, the focus here is 'climate.'
So D is the best choice.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2017, 13:09
I don't understand how D can be the right answer. It is stated in the Text that the poor production's rate was not noticed until the new government came to power, whereas answer choice D says that the crops which have been grown in country X and which are different from those planted in Y, have always been grown. So, the difference in production has to do with the policies the two countries take and not with the combination of plants grown in each one of those countries.

I think D could only be the right answer if it weren't stated that the low-production of country X has always been low and not since government X took control.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2017, 22:34
MoeTu wrote:
I don't understand how D can be the right answer. It is stated in the Text that the poor production's rate was not noticed until the new government came to power, whereas answer choice D says that the crops which have been grown in country X and which are different from those planted in Y, have always been grown. So, the difference in production has to do with the policies the two countries take and not with the combination of plants grown in each one of those countries.

I think D could only be the right answer if it weren't stated that the low-production of country X has always been low and not since government X took control.


There is no information given on when the new govt. came into power, could have been 8 years ago, maybe more, maybe less. Either ways, the authors main conclusion states that because climate conditions are the same for both countries, a rise in agricultural production in country Y should imply a rise in country X too ; if not, then something else - an overly centralized economy - is the cause for drop in agricultural production in country X.
We have to weaken the authors claim that an overly centralized economy is responsible for drop in production.

(d) The crops that have always been grown in country x are different from those that have always been grown in country y: This weakens the above conclusion. If the climate in country X & Y is cold and frost free ; country Y grows artichokes - best suited for cold climate - and country X grows corn - best suited for hot climate - this would explain why climate could be the main culprit for poor agricultural production in country X
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 07:23
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Explanation for Options B vs D :

Often in handling CR questions what you are looking for is more a best answer than an exactly right answer, and it often makes sense to keep answers until you find a better one.

In this case, B does provide a difference, but the difference that B provides is not clearly related to agricultural production. While maybe there is some story one could come up with that would tie B to agricultural production, there is no clear and direct connection between the difference between having a port and being landlocked and agricultural production. Generally the right answer to a CR question will have a clear and and direct connection to what is being asked.

D on the other hand provides a difference that is clearly and directly related to agricultural production. So D is a much better answer than B is.
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2018, 03:21
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma

Can you help me to identify main conclusion here?
I believe 'since' acts as a time frame marker instead of presenting
a reason.

Am i trying to resolve mystery between two countries with (D) ?
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Re: An overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate, is resp  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2018, 20:34
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adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma

Can you help me to identify main conclusion here?
I believe 'since' acts as a time frame marker instead of presenting
a reason.

Am i trying to resolve mystery between two countries with (D) ?


"Since" is indeed a time marker, but in this case it implies an action that continues into the present. For example, "I have been training for a marathon since August." I started training in August, but I am still training.

So ever since the new government came to power, there has been poor agricultural production in Country X. This implies that the poor agricultural production continues into the present. The conclusion is that this poor agricultural production is caused by an overly centralized economy, not the changes in the climate.

I hope that helps!
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