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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St

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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Sep 2019, 05:05
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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable,considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements. The Hopis’ retention of their distinctive socio-cultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite’s determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change. For example,the system of matrilineal clans was maintained throughout this period, even though some clans merged to form larger groups while others divided into smaller descent groups. Furthermore, although traditionally members of particular Hopi clans appear to have exclusively controlled particular ceremonies, a clan’s control of a ceremony might shift to another clan if the first became too small to manage the responsibility. Village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan might be similarly extended to members of other clans, and women might assume such positions under certain unusual conditions.

1) The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the explanation outlined in the highlighted text?
A. It fails to take into account the effect of geographical circumstances on Hopi culture.
B. It correctly emphasizes the role of the religious elite in maintaining the system of matrilineal clans.
C. It represents a misreading of Hopi culture because it fails to take into account the actual differences that existed among the various Hopi clans.
D. It underestimates the effect on Hopi cultural development of contact with other cultural groups.
E. It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi socio-cultural persistence.



2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
A. It prevented the Hopis from experiencing a diminution in population.
B. It helped to promote flexibility within their social system.
C. It limited but did not eliminate contact with other cultural groups.
D. It reinforced the religious elite’s determination to resist cultural change.
E. It tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans.



3) The passage is primarily concerned with
A. reassessing a phenomenon in light of new findings
B. assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon
C. examining the assumptions underlying an interpretation of a phenomenon
D. expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon
E. contrasting two methods for evaluating a phenomenon



4. The author of the passage mentions the control of ceremonies by particular Hopi clans most likely in order to
A. provide an example of the way in which the religious elite protected their position within Hopi society
B. note an exception to a larger pattern evident in many Native American cultures
C. explain the connection in Hopi culture between religious and political leadership
D. illustrate how the Hopis combined flexibility with tradition
E. cite evidence that counters a common misconception about the structure of Hopi society



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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 06 Jun 2016, 09:44.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 20 Sep 2019, 05:05, edited 2 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (587).
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 10:11
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1 . E - It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi socio-cultural persistence.- This can be inferred from the lines following the highlighted text.
"But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change "

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
C. It limited but did not eliminate contact with other cultural groups. It can be inferred from the lines -
also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases.

3) The passage is primarily concerned with
D. expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon. Correct

4. The author of the passage mentions the control of ceremonies by particular Hopi clans most likely in order to
(D) illustrate how the Hopis combined flexibility with tradition
But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change.

All the 3 correct in 7 mins 15 seconds :| , took 2 mins and 40 seconds to read the passage (Latest attempt -- All correct(including the newly added Q4)in 8 mins , including 3 mins 10 seconds to read )
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 16:11
4:52 and all correct :)

1) E is correct as the highlighted part is correct, but 'But equally important to Hopi cultural' after the highlighted part indicates something else to contribute in addition to the highlighted part.

2) C is correct as it is mentioned 'an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure '

3) D is correct because the passage explains why the Hopi society was surprisingly stable
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 21:30
Skywalker18 souvik101990 JarvisR Divyadisha workout
Can you please brief Q3 ?
I couldn't solve it. I didn't know how to proceed with it
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2019, 00:55
teaserbae wrote:
Skywalker18 souvik101990 JarvisR Divyadisha workout
Can you please brief Q3 ?
I couldn't solve it. I didn't know how to proceed with it


Quote:
3) The passage is primarily concerned with


A. reassessing a phenomenon in light of new findings Nowhere in the passage new findings are provided
B. assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon The author does provide two factors but does not compare their relative importance
C. examining the assumptions underlying an interpretation of a phenomenonIt is a contender
D. expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon This is a clear winner because the author mentions "But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in.. " and thereafter goes on providing supporting information. This is the point of the passage. This is why the author has written the passage.
E. contrasting two methods for evaluating a phenomenon There is no contrast given.

You may have focused too much on the detail.
check out this postby Harley1980 time saving and the best way to tackle primary purpose question IMO.
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2019, 07:06
Hi,
Q3) (Option I chose)- B - assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon.
I am unable to eliminate this option and land to the correct response. Could anyone please give me a brief outline on how to eliminate this answer option?

Thanks.
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 23:18
Hi

I'm curious why E in Q2 is incorrect: what's your reasoning?

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
E. It tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans.

After all, it says that the isolation limited cultural contact. Do we need to assume that, and if so why, "cultural contact" refers only to outside cultures? Perhaps there are other reasons to eliminate this option?

Thanks guys

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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2019, 09:47
1) The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the explanation outlined in the highlighted text?
the highlighted portion talks about what are the factor leading to sustaining the essence of the culture. hwever the very next line states that equally important aspect is flexibility. option e capture the same point. It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi socio-cultural persistence.

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
since it is inference question, it is going to be the re-statement of already written argument. refer "an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases." choice c is exactly doing this

3) 3) The passage is primarily concerned with,
It covers a surprising stable culture; then talks about what are key things which kept it stable (location, flexibility etc); then give an example of flexibility from culture activity

POE:
A. reassessing a phenomenon in light of new findings - no reassessment, irrelevant
B. assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon - no reassessment, irrelevant
C. examining the assumptions underlying an interpretation of a phenomenon - no assumption, irrelevant
D. expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon, yep.
E. contrasting two methods for evaluating a phenomenon: irrelevant

4. The author of the passage mentions the control of ceremonies by particular Hopi clans most likely in order to

detail type question, so going back to the para and reading one line before the preceeding example. it talks about flexiblity of the culture and then followed it up with marriage and clan example. option d illustrate how the Hopis combined flexibility with tradition
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2019, 14:41
jawele wrote:
Hi

I'm curious why E in Q2 is incorrect: what's your reasoning?

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
E. It tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans.

After all, it says that the isolation limited cultural contact. Do we need to assume that, and if so why, "cultural contact" refers only to outside cultures? Perhaps there are other reasons to eliminate this option?

Thanks guys

GMATNinja SajjadAhmad, workout u1983 Gnpth

The passage gives three main reasons that Hopi societies remained stable: 1) the religious elite's determined efforts to preserve their religion/way of life, 2) geographical isolation, and 3) flexibility within their social system.

This third reason (flexibility within their social system), depends on Hopi clans interacting with each other in the following ways:

  • Merging small clans or dividing large clans as needed
  • Shifting control of ceremonies if a clan became too small to manage them
  • Extending village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan to members of other clans

Because of this extensive interaction between Hopi clans, we cannot infer that geographic isolation "tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans." The passage does not offer any evidence that contact was limited between clans within Hopi society, and provides a lot of information confirming that such contact was commonplace. For this reason, (E) is out.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United St   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 14:41
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