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# Antoine: The alarming fact is that

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Intern
Joined: 01 Oct 2014
Posts: 46
Antoine: The alarming fact is that [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2015, 06:05
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85% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:34) correct 46% (01:54) wrong based on 333 sessions

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Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and younger, the number taking antipsychotic medicines soared 73 percent in the last four years. That is greater than the increase in the number of adults taking antipsychotic medicines during the same period.

Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children.

Lucy’s argument relies on the assumption that ______.

A normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.

B the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.

C the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.

D Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.

E a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.

Please explain your answers as well

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4679
Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2015, 17:22
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amatya wrote:
Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and younger, the number taking antipsychotic medicines soared 73 percent in the last four years. That is greater than the increase in the number of adults taking antipsychotic medicines during the same period.

Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children.

Lucy’s argument relies on the assumption that ______.

A normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.

B the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.

C the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.

D Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.

E a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.

Please explain your answers as well

Dear amatya,
I'm happy to respond.

MGMAT writes good questions, and this is a good one. Part of what is tricky about it is that you have to read through the lines to the emotional subtext.

Antoine presents this "alarming fact," and it's clear that he is a bit alarmed by this information. A 73% increase! That's huge! It's as if all the children are going to go insane! It's like a [urlhttp://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/doors/theend.html]DOORS song[/url]! His position is one of panic.

Lucy essentially says: take a chill pill. There's no reason to panic. In fact, Lucy only states facts, but the nature of this facts undercut all the claims that made Antoine fearful. Antoine was fearful that children were using these medicines at rates much higher than adults, and the numbers that Lucy cites makes it patently clear that this is not the case. Lucy contributes facts that rein in Antoine's unreasonable fears.

(A) normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.
No one is taking about the levels of the drugs in this argument. This is out of scope. This is incorrect.

(B) the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.
The word "always" makes this answer choice completely unreasonable in its absolute claim. This is incorrect.

(C) the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.
Reasonable. This is entirely consistent with Lucy's moderating claim. If the use were different, then comparing the adult percentage to children percentage might not be so relevant. This is a promising choice.

(D) Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.
This is irrelevant. If Antoine is distorting the fact, then the sensible numbers quoted by Lucy are all the more moderating. This is incorrect.

(E) a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.
Whoa! Why are we talking about random violence? That's a bit leap. There are many reasons one might be troubled to hear that a large number of people are on antipsychotic medication, and random violence is just one of these reasons. This is far to specific with information not discussed at all in the prompt. This is incorrect.

The only answer that could possibly be correct is the OA, (C).

You may find this blog article germane:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2014/gmat-criti ... knowledge/

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Intern
Joined: 01 Oct 2014
Posts: 46
Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 01:10
mikemcgarry wrote:
amatya wrote:
Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and younger, the number taking antipsychotic medicines soared 73 percent in the last four years. That is greater than the increase in the number of adults taking antipsychotic medicines during the same period.

Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children.

Lucy’s argument relies on the assumption that ______.

A normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.

B the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.

C the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.

D Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.

E a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.

Please explain your answers as well

Dear amatya,
I'm happy to respond.

MGMAT writes good questions, and this is a good one. Part of what is tricky about it is that you have to read through the lines to the emotional subtext.

Antoine presents this "alarming fact," and it's clear that he is a bit alarmed by this information. A 73% increase! That's huge! It's as if all the children are going to go insane! It's like a [urlhttp://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/doors/theend.html]DOORS song[/url]! His position is one of panic.

Lucy essentially says: take a chill pill. There's no reason to panic. In fact, Lucy only states facts, but the nature of this facts undercut all the claims that made Antoine fearful. Antoine was fearful that children were using these medicines at rates much higher than adults, and the numbers that Lucy cites makes it patently clear that this is not the case. Lucy contributes facts that rein in Antoine's unreasonable fears.

(A) normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.
No one is taking about the levels of the drugs in this argument. This is out of scope. This is incorrect.

(B) the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.
The word "always" makes this answer choice completely unreasonable in its absolute claim. This is incorrect.

(C) the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.
Reasonable. This is entirely consistent with Lucy's moderating claim. If the use were different, then comparing the adult percentage to children percentage might not be so relevant. This is a promising choice.

(D) Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.
This is irrelevant. If Antoine is distorting the fact, then the sensible numbers quoted by Lucy are all the more moderating. This is incorrect.

(E) a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.
Whoa! Why are we talking about random violence? That's a bit leap. There are many reasons one might be troubled to hear that a large number of people are on antipsychotic medication, and random violence is just one of these reasons. This is far to specific with information not discussed at all in the prompt. This is incorrect.

The only answer that could possibly be correct is the OA, (C).

You may find this blog article germane:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2014/gmat-criti ... knowledge/

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Nice Explanation Thanks alot Mike
Intern
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 23
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 610 Q50 V23
GPA: 3.82
WE: Corporate Finance (Consulting)
Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2015, 11:08
mikemcgarry i didnt quite understand this. Such questions usually throw me off my gmat game. CR seems to look good for me and bang! such a question comes along and i am gone any suggestions?
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4679
Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2015, 11:35
debaratidg wrote:
mikemcgarry i didnt quite understand this. Such questions usually throw me off my gmat game. CR seems to look good for me and bang! such a question comes along and i am gone any suggestions?

Dear debaratidg,
I'm happy to respond. I will begin by suggesting this blog:
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2014/how-to-im ... bal-score/
I would say that the best way for you to develop a sense for the diversity of forms that the GMAT CR could throw at you, you need to be reading real world arguments. Look at news sources --- the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Economist magazine, Bloomberg Businessweek, etc. These source regularly feature arguments by politicians and folks in business. Read these arguments, and analyze them--- what are the conclusions? what are the assumptions? what would strengthen or weaken each argument? what information would you need to evaluate the argument? Also, notice that the author of the article is often making a much more subtle argument by his arrangement of the people he quotes and the questions he poses: pay attention to the subtle arguments at that level as well. If you can understand all the different ways people make arguments in the real business world, then you will be able to handle the GMAT.

This is a very important skill to master. If you don't understand an argument on the GMAT, you get one question wrong. If you don't understand an argument in a crucial business deal, you may miss out on a valuable opportunity for your company to make millions of dollars.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 2694
Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2018, 07:17
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2018, 07:17
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# Antoine: The alarming fact is that

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