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Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo

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Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Sep 2017, 22:19
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Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and younger, the number taking antipsychotic medicines soared 73 percent in the last four years. That is greater than the increase in the number of adults taking antipsychotic medicines during the same period.

Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children.

Lucy’s argument relies on the assumption that ______.

(A) normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.

(B) the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.

(C) the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.

(D) Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.

(E) a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.

Originally posted by prasun84 on 30 Nov 2008, 07:18.
Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Sep 2017, 22:19, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2015, 16:22
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amatya wrote:
Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and younger, the number taking antipsychotic medicines soared 73 percent in the last four years. That is greater than the increase in the number of adults taking antipsychotic medicines during the same period.

Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children.

Lucy’s argument relies on the assumption that ______.


A normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.

B the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.

C the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.

D Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.

E a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.

Please explain your answers as well

Dear amatya,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

MGMAT writes good questions, and this is a good one. Part of what is tricky about it is that you have to read through the lines to the emotional subtext.

Antoine presents this "alarming fact," and it's clear that he is a bit alarmed by this information. A 73% increase! That's huge! It's as if all the children are going to go insane! It's like a [urlhttp://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/doors/theend.html]DOORS song[/url]! His position is one of panic.

Lucy essentially says: take a chill pill. There's no reason to panic. In fact, Lucy only states facts, but the nature of this facts undercut all the claims that made Antoine fearful. Antoine was fearful that children were using these medicines at rates much higher than adults, and the numbers that Lucy cites makes it patently clear that this is not the case. Lucy contributes facts that rein in Antoine's unreasonable fears.

(A) normal levels of antipsychotic drug use are rarely exceeded.
No one is taking about the levels of the drugs in this argument. This is out of scope. This is incorrect.

(B) the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication is always higher than the percentage of children on such medication.
The word "always" makes this answer choice completely unreasonable in its absolute claim. This is incorrect.

(C) the use of antipsychotic medication in children is no different from the use of such medications in adults.
Reasonable. This is entirely consistent with Lucy's moderating claim. If the use were different, then comparing the adult percentage to children percentage might not be so relevant. This is a promising choice.

(D) Antoine is not consciously distorting the statistics he presents.
This is irrelevant. If Antoine is distorting the fact, then the sensible numbers quoted by Lucy are all the more moderating. This is incorrect.

(E) a rapid increase in the number of children taking antipsychotic drugs generates more fear of random violence by adolescents than does knowledge of the absolute number of children on such medications.
Whoa! Why are we talking about random violence? That's a bit leap. There are many reasons one might be troubled to hear that a large number of people are on antipsychotic medication, and random violence is just one of these reasons. This is far to specific with information not discussed at all in the prompt. This is incorrect.

The only answer that could possibly be correct is the OA, (C).

You may find this blog article germane:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2014/gmat-criti ... knowledge/

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2008, 00:29
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OA: C.


OE:Antoine is alarmed that the number of children on antipsychotic medication has increased by 73 percent. Lucy begins her reply with “but,” indicating that she is about to counter either Antoine’s facts or his alarm; she accepts his facts but addresses his alarm. If the number of children taking antipsychotic medication is still within the normal range, the rate at which the total number has increased is not cause for alarm. Lucy uses information about adult use of such drugs to imply that the lower rate of antipsychotic drug use in children must also be normal.

(A) Lucy’s argument is about a normal level of antipsychotic drug use; how rarely or frequently that level is exceeded is outside the scope of her argument.

(B) Lucy uses the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication to illustrate normal levels of the use of such drugs. It happens that the percentage of children taking such medication last year was lower than the percentage of adults, but her argument does not require the assumption that that will always be the case.

(C) CORRECT. If there is no difference between children and adults on the matter of antipsychotic drug use, then Lucy can legitimately use information about adult use of such drugs to imply that the lower rate of antipsychotic drug use by children must also be normal. On the other hand, if this assumption were not valid – for example, if children responded differently to the drugs, or if the rate of the drug use by adults is considered too high for children – then Lucy’s statement would not be enough to address Antoine’s alarm.

(D) Lucy’s argument is not based on the figure Antoine cites and does not assume its accuracy or inaccuracy. Rather, her argument uses the relative adult and child rates of antipsychotic drug use to point out that Antoine’s statistic is not inconsistent with a normal rate of such use in children.

(E) The fear of random violence by adolescents is not part of Lucy’s argument; this statement is irrelevant.
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2008, 11:48
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I think the explanation needs to be clarified. Lucy's conclusion, which is not directly stated, is: It is NOT alarming that antipsychotic drug use among children increased more than among adults over the past 4 years. (Note that you have to read the other person's argument in order to see what her conclusion is. This is fairly common in this type of question.) Her single piece of evidence for this conclusion is the fact that the rate of antipsychotic drug use among children is still much lower than the rate among adults.

What assumption does her argument depend on? Clearly, it depends on assuming that the "normal" or "appropriate" rate of use of this type of medication is the same for children for adults -- or at least, that the "normal" rate for children is not lower. Choice C provides this assumption.

Choice A is irrelevant. The argument turns on what the normal level for children IS. If the normal level is actually much lower than the level for adults, then the actual level of use may exceed it, and Antoine is correct. If the normal level is about the same, then the actual level probably doesn't exceed it, and Lucy is correct. So either the normal level is exceeded or it isn't, regardless of A.

Choice B is the opposite of what is needed. It says that the level for adults is "always" higher. If this is true, then it contradicts the assumption that Lucy needs, which is that the level should be about the same.
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 06:18
grumpyoldman wrote:
I think the explanation needs to be clarified. Lucy's conclusion, which is not directly stated, is: It is NOT alarming that antipsychotic drug use among children increased more than among adults over the past 4 years. (Note that you have to read the other person's argument in order to see what her conclusion is. This is fairly common in this type of question.) Her single piece of evidence for this conclusion is the fact that the rate of antipsychotic drug use among children is still much lower than the rate among adults.

What assumption does her argument depend on? Clearly, it depends on assuming that the "normal" or "appropriate" rate of use of this type of medication is the same for children for adults -- or at least, that the "normal" rate for children is not lower. Choice C provides this assumption.

Choice A is irrelevant. The argument turns on what the normal level for children IS. If the normal level is actually much lower than the level for adults, then the actual level of use may exceed it, and Antoine is correct. If the normal level is about the same, then the actual level probably doesn't exceed it, and Lucy is correct. So either the normal level is exceeded or it isn't, regardless of A.

Choice B is the opposite of what is needed. It says that the level for adults is "always" higher. If this is true, then it contradicts the assumption that Lucy needs, which is that the level should be about the same.


OE :
Antoine is alarmed that the number of children on antipsychotic medication has increased by 73 percent. Lucy begins her reply with “but,” indicating that she is about to counter either Antoine’s facts or his alarm; she accepts his facts but addresses his alarm. If the number of children taking antipsychotic medication is still within the normal range, the rate at which the total number has increased is not cause for alarm. Lucy shows that even though the total number of children on such medications has increased, children still take antipsychotic drugs at an even lower rate than do adults, and the current adult rate is considered normal.
(B) CORRECT. This statement properly identifies the conclusion to which Lucy’s argument is leading.
Hence B .
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2015, 05:38
Lucy: But the use of antipsychotic drugs by adults is considered normal at the current rate of 11 adults per 1,000 taking the drugs. In contrast, the number of children on antipsychotic medication last year was 6.6 per 1,000 children.

Should be C because Lucy is trying to show that the use of drugs in children is somehow okay (or lower) compared to adults. Hence, she must assume that the use of drugs in adults and children is the same.
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2015, 10:08
mikemcgarry i didnt quite understand this. Such questions usually throw me off my gmat game. CR seems to look good for me and bang! such a question comes along and i am gone :( any suggestions?
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2015, 10:35
debaratidg wrote:
mikemcgarry i didnt quite understand this. Such questions usually throw me off my gmat game. CR seems to look good for me and bang! such a question comes along and i am gone :( any suggestions?

Dear debaratidg,
I'm happy to respond. :-) I will begin by suggesting this blog:
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2014/how-to-im ... bal-score/
I would say that the best way for you to develop a sense for the diversity of forms that the GMAT CR could throw at you, you need to be reading real world arguments. Look at news sources --- the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Economist magazine, Bloomberg Businessweek, etc. These source regularly feature arguments by politicians and folks in business. Read these arguments, and analyze them--- what are the conclusions? what are the assumptions? what would strengthen or weaken each argument? what information would you need to evaluate the argument? Also, notice that the author of the article is often making a much more subtle argument by his arrangement of the people he quotes and the questions he poses: pay attention to the subtle arguments at that level as well. If you can understand all the different ways people make arguments in the real business world, then you will be able to handle the GMAT.

This is a very important skill to master. If you don't understand an argument on the GMAT, you get one question wrong. If you don't understand an argument in a crucial business deal, you may miss out on a valuable opportunity for your company to make millions of dollars.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2018, 09:15
Antoine is alarmed that the number of children on antipsychotic medication has increased by 73 percent. Lucy begins her reply with “but,” indicating that she is about to counter either Antoine’s facts or his alarm; she accepts his facts but addresses his alarm. If the number of children taking antipsychotic medication is still within the normal range, the rate at which the total number has increased is not cause for alarm. Lucy uses information about adult use of such drugs to imply that the lower rate of antipsychotic drug use in children must also be normal.

(A) Lucy’s argument is about a normal level of antipsychotic drug use; how rarely or frequently that level is exceeded is outside the scope of her argument.

(B) Lucy uses the percentage of adults taking antipsychotic medication to illustrate normal levels of the use of such drugs. It happens that the percentage of children taking such medication last year was lower than the percentage of adults, but her argument does not require the assumption that that will always be the case.

(C) CORRECT. If there is no difference between children and adults on the matter of antipsychotic drug use, then Lucy can legitimately use information about adult use of such drugs to imply that the lower rate of antipsychotic drug use by children must also be normal. On the other hand, if this assumption were not valid – for example, if children responded differently to the drugs, or if the rate of the drug use by adults is considered too high for children – then Lucy’s statement would not be enough to address Antoine’s alarm.

(D) Lucy’s argument is not based on the figure Antoine cites and does not assume its accuracy or inaccuracy. Rather, her argument uses the relative adult and child rates of antipsychotic drug use to point out that Antoine’s statistic is not inconsistent with a normal rate of such use in children.

(E) The fear of random violence by adolescents is not part of Lucy’s argument; this statement is irrelevant.
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Re: Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 years and yo &nbs [#permalink] 14 Oct 2018, 09:15
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