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Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t

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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 05:43
chesstitans wrote:
I disagree with all threads posted above because all of you have not given any satisfying replies. C,D are out of scope, but B and E may still be true. Nevertheless, only A is the most useful to evaluate.
My 2 cents: "to maximize" weakens E.
B is not as strong as A is.


Simply, The "damage" itself is not that important
Whether the damage caused by future technology is greater than the damage caused by present technology is the point at issue.

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Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2017, 22:27
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question No.: 554

Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?

A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study


giving my line of reasoning.
The evaluation questions are similar to strengthen/weaken. There is a MAIN ISSUE and you need to either weaken or strengthen the issue. These questions calls for REAL WORLD SITUATION approach. Since being in the scope neither strengthens nor weakens, so we always need an OUT OF SCOPE answers that DIRECTLY ADDRESSES THE MAIN ISSUE.

For evaluation questions, think it either as STRENGTHEN/WEAKEN question by removing THE WORD WHETHER.

Coming to Question:
Lets convert the passage to real world way of dealing things

My Friend says to me:
Dude Archaeologists are waiting for software up-gradation for their equipment as that will enable them to get a more detailed analysis.

Me: Y cant they use this present version

My friend : Because once the analysis is done, the site is useless for new analysis. and so they will get fewer details with the present version of software.

MAIN ISSUE : Archaeologists delay their analysis of site for getting more details with the Upgraded tech.

Now lets c the options. Any option that directly address the issue is our answer.
Removing whether and converting it to a strengthen / weaken question.

A. Some of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
This will weaken the MAIN ISSUE as the site will be of no use for the Archaeologists if they keep on waiting for their software upgrade. CORRECT

B. There will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology

Already stated in the passage that "It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future". Being in SCOPE of passage cannot strengthen /weaken. You are just restating what it is said. WRONG


C. The team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being

DOESNOT ADDRESS the MAIN ISSUE of tech up-gradation &Site Analysis.
NOTE this is IRRELEVANT and NOT out of SCOPE. We need out of scope answers
.

D. The site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
So what?? Does this address the Main ISSUE. IRRELEVANT

E. The anticipated technology will damage objects under study

So what?? It does not address the point that new tech will give/will not give more details, even though objects are destroyed...So should we wait for new tech or not??...IRRELEVANT

Hope this helps. Incase there is any points in this line of reasoning...pls point...will be happy to learn...

Regards
Shoum

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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 14:16
Expert's post
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question No.: 554

Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?

A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study


PREMISE: Archaeologists use technology
PREMISE: Future technology will facilitate more discoveries
PREMISE: Studying sites now could compromise future discoveries at site
CONCLUSION: Delaying examination of site will maximize potential for discoveries at site

Let's check the answer choices While also reminding ourselves what the conclusion is...

A) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
YES!
If the contents of the site DO significantly deteriorate, then delaying examination of the site will NOT maximize the potential for discoveries.
If the contents of the site do NOT significantly deteriorate, then delaying examination of the site WILL maximize the potential for discoveries.
So knowing the answer to this question will definitely help us evaluate the conclusion.
KEEP A

B) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
The passage already tells us of that "it is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future." So answer choice B addressing whether the technology will continue to improve BEYOND the near future.
In this case the results of such an investigation would not help us evaluate the conclusion because the passage already states that technology will likely advance considerably in the near future.
ELIMINATE B

C) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
NO.
Whether or not the team has something to keep itself occupied with has no bearing on whether or not new technologies will better help them examine the site in question.
ELIMINATE C

D) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
NO.
Whether or not we're dealing with a very ancient culture has no bearing on whether the delay will help the team make more discoveries
ELIMINATE D

E) Would the results of this investigation help us determine whether or not delaying examination of the site will maximize potential for discoveries?
NO.
This is a tricky one. We must keep in mind that the conclusion is all about whether or not the team will be able to make more discoveries in the future than presently. Sure some stuff might get broken in the process, But the plot passage already tells us that advanced technologies will allow archaeologists to gather more information.
ELIMINATE E

Answer: A

Cheers,
Brent
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Brent Hanneson – Founder of gmatprepnow.com

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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 21:25
Hello Experts,

In quite a few reply, I saw option B has been ruled out by people for two reasons predominantly. 1. it was already mentioned in the premise - "Technology will improve" - hence it is taken for granted. 2.And also few has marked B as out of scope.

In my view point B is relevant - if the relevant technology doesn't improve, there is not point for the scientist to wait. (overall technology may improve but that may not help the Archaeologist's Team)

Secondly , for those who are citing option 1 ( above ) to eliminate B - it is also mentioned in the passage that there is risk if the study is conducted now without any wait time , then again why we are trying to measure the possible deterioration?

Please clarify and share your opinion

Thanks
Arijit

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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 21:25

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