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Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t

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Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question No.: 554

Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?

A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study

ID - CR09963

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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 02:54
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sevenplusplus wrote:
chesstitans wrote:
I disagree with all threads posted above because all of you have not given any satisfying replies. C,D are out of scope, but B and E may still be true. Nevertheless, only A is the most useful to evaluate.
My 2 cents: "to maximize" weakens E.
B is not as strong as A is.

I was also torn between A & E.
How did you eliminate E? If the new advanced technology "damages objects under study", it would not "maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run" -- the purpose of the plan.



Note that you don't know what the current technology does. What if all tech that analyses objects damages them in some way. The argument says that they risk contaminating or compromising if they study right now. It could mean a lot of things. Just knowing what the new tech will do, we cannot decide whether to delay or not.

Besides, the goal is to maximise the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run. So the question is whether we should examine the site right now or later to maximise the potential for gaining knowledge. If examining later has higher potential of giving more knowledge, delaying is better. Once the knowledge is gathered using new technology, what happens to the object is not a part of the goal. Hence, it is important to ensure that the objects do not deteriorate significantly before knowledge can be gained from them.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 02:09
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From my understanding of the argument, the reason why the archaeologists want to delay examination
of this newly excavated site is that while examining the site(before the necessary technology is available)
, it is possible to contaminate of the existing site such that it can't be used for any further research.

In evaluate the argument type of questions,
a YES to the question being asked must increase the validity of the conclusion,
while NO must undermine the conclusion.
OR
a NO to the question being asked must increase the validity of the conclusion,
while YES must undermine the conclusion.


An answer 'NO' for Option A will mean that the archaeologists needn't wait for the technology
to be made available, since the site will remain as it is post the examination.
On the contrary a 'YES'(if the contents on the site deteriorates) we have to wait for the technology to be available.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 02:21
alyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Type - evaluate
Boil it down - in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.
Pre-thinking - the sites will not deteriorate significantly before the new tech is available
Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?

A.Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available - Correct
B.Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology- irrelevant
C.Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being - Out of scope - it does not help answer whether waiting will be beneficial
D.Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture - Out of scope
E.Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study - Out of scope

Answer A
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 11:10
AbdurRakib wrote:
Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?
A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study


Answer will clearly be (A) as if the contents of the site dereriorates before the anticipated technology is available then it would be of no use to the Archaeologists.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 03:09
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question No.: 554

Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible. If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies. Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?
A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study


Although I got this correct , I have a concern regarding option E.

Isn't E an useful point in considering the plans chances of success.
while studying the site if the anticipated technology destroys the site then would the team be able to derive the required information from the site. Wouldn't this hinder the goal's chances of success.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 17:07
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I disagree with all threads posted above because all of you have not given any satisfying replies. C,D are out of scope, but B and E may still be true. Nevertheless, only A is the most useful to evaluate.
My 2 cents: "to maximize" weakens E.
B is not as strong as A is.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 18:02
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clear A for me..

A.Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available - Correct
B.Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology- irrelevant/ out of scope
C.Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being - Out of scope - it does not help answer whether waiting will be beneficial
D.Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture - Out of scope
E.Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study - Out of scope- even if it damage, scientist are ready to wait for new technology
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 21:02
Imo A
IF the sites deteriorate then , the technology will not give accurate results and the plan of the Archaeologists will fail .
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 23:14
I was able to solve this question but for CR questions i am taking time upto 1:50 to 2:20 :/
is there a way to reduce this time taken.

Can anyone suggest something ?
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 06:21
Hi VeritasPrepKarishma

Conclusion: team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Premise: Unlikelihood of advancements in technology may lead to no additional information than is
available to archaeologists.

As per variance test, I selected (A) as OA.

Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology

if answer to this Q is Yes, then archaeologists' can plan to delay the excavation
if answer to this Q is No, then archaeologists' need not plan delay the excavation.

Let me know any conceptual mistake from mine end.
WR,
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 21:46
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adkikani wrote:
Hi VeritasPrepKarishma

Conclusion: team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

Premise: Unlikelihood of advancements in technology may lead to no additional information than is
available to archaeologists.

As per variance test, I selected (A) as OA.

Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology

if answer to this Q is Yes, then archaeologists' can plan to delay the excavation
if answer to this Q is No, then archaeologists' need not plan delay the excavation.

Let me know any conceptual mistake from mine end.
WR,
Arpit

I am not sure I understand the logic you have used. The argument tells us that it is likely this tech will advance considerably. So it has to be taken to be true.
(A) says "whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available"

If "Yes", contents of the site will deteriorate, we may actually get less information by waiting. So delay may not be a good idea.
If "No", contents of the site will not deteriorate, we could wait or the tech to be available.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 10:32
chesstitans wrote:
I disagree with all threads posted above because all of you have not given any satisfying replies. C,D are out of scope, but B and E may still be true. Nevertheless, only A is the most useful to evaluate.
My 2 cents: "to maximize" weakens E.
B is not as strong as A is.

I was also torn between A & E.
How did you eliminate E? If the new advanced technology "damages objects under study", it would not "maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run" -- the purpose of the plan.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 04:01
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sevenplusplus wrote:
I was also torn between A & E.
How did you eliminate E? If the new advanced technology "damages objects under study", it would not "maximize the potential for gathering knowledge in the long run" -- the purpose of the plan.


Hi sevenplusplus ,

The plan is to delay the studies. This is based on the premise that "If they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies.".

Now let's talk about E.

It says future technologies can damage objects under study. But does that mean we will not be able to get what we want? Is the damage happening after the study or during the study? I know you are assuming that if they get damaged, how will not get the maximize the potential for gathering knowledge. It may happen that the new technology could give us everything we want and hence, we don't care about saving those.

Also, by long run the author meant till we don't have the new technology. Now that we have got those technologies, I seriously don't care what happens to those objects once I get what I want. Hence, E is not a good answer choice.

A is actually telling us that if they don't deteriorate before our study then the plan is not a good plan. And if they do, then the plan is a good plan.

I hope that makes sense. Feel free to ask any questions if you have.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 14:13
Not sure if I agree with OA.

First when I read A, I decided A is the answer; but after careful review, I've eliminated A and went with B

A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available

The "significantly" throws me off.
Usually non absolute words (some, many, significantly) are wrong on CR.

Two ways this could work:
(1) if using the current tech will damage the content so bad that new tech won't be able to read it. in that case, it's better to hold off
(2) if using the current tech will damage the content "significantly" HOWEVER the new tech is not much better than the current tech, that if you wait for the new tech, the benefit will be negligible.
Basically, if the new tech is negligibility better, then it doesn't matter if you wait or don't wait, the results won't matter.


B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology

I went with B. If there won't be improvements in the tech, then there is no reason to delay. If current methods destorys or doesn't destory the content, it doesn't matter, because if this statement is negated, it says tech won't improve
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 18:32
IMO B should not be the answer because the conclusion says that the studies should be delayed in order to gather knowledge. We hurt the premise if we say that there will be no advancement in technology. Our aim to accept the validity of the premise and attack the conclusion. That's the trap that testmaker makes.
I have also chosen E. But later I realized I was wrong. Whether advanced tech will damage the objects or not is not my concern. I time period of the conclusion is before coming of the advanced tech. So A should be the answer.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 19:25
Veritas But even E is also related to the point in gathering information right
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 20:07
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Anazeer wrote:
Veritas But even E is also related to the point in gathering information right


Yes, it is related, but it is not the best answer.
I have explained why here:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/archaeologis ... l#p1880982
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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My 2 cents -

Premise :
Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely that this technology will advance considerably in the near future, allowing archaeologists to gather more information than is currently possible.
if they study certain sites now, they risk contaminating or compromising them for future studies.

Conclusion:
Therefore, in order to maximize the potential for gathering knowledge, in the long run, a team of archaeologists plans to delay the examination of a newly excavated site.

I have underlined the portions which I think can help us answer the question.

Which of the following would be most useful to investigate for the purpose of evaluating the plan’s prospects for achieving its goal?

A. Whether any of the contents of the site will significantly deteriorate before the anticipated technology is available
[If the site "significantly" deteriorates, then there is no reason to wait for the anticipated technology. Variance Test also helps us confirm this as the answer. ]

B. Whether there will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology
[The premise itself says that it is likely that "this technology will advance", so we cannot challenge this part of the premise and this cannot be the correct answer. ]

C. Whether the team can study a site other than the newly excavated site for the time being
[Out of Scope: Not a big concern even if they don't have other sites. The purpose here is to find if the plan of waiting would be a success or not.]

D. Whether the site was inhabited by a very ancient culture
[Out of Scope - this is completed unrelated to the argument and can be eliminated.]

E. Whether the anticipated technology will damage objects under study
[It is quite possible that it might damage, but maybe after damaging also, we might be able to get more information using this technology than the older one. Hence this should not be a concern. If the statement would have been, whether the anticipated technology damage the objects more than the old technology, then this could have been the answer ( not sure! can anyone confirm the last part?)]

Overall, Option A is the best option available in this case.
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Re: Archaeologists use technology to analyze ancient sites. It is likely t  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2017, 19:32
C and D are both irrelevant. Of the remaining, what would be the most useful to investigate?
A - if the contents significantly deteriorate before advanced technology is here, then the archaeologists may end up getting less info by waiting. If the contents don't deteriorate, then waiting is worthwhile.

B - Whether they will continue to be improvements on the relevant technology is irrelevant. We are already told it is likely the technology will improve in the near future. Waiting is still worth while; you would get more info in the future by waiting than exploring now.

E - Irrelevant. The argument was not about keeping the objects. While that's a real world expectations that we would want to keep artifacts, these archaeologists were concerned about getting information. The advanced tech destroys the objects, but could still yield a lot of information.
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