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Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with

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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2016, 09:55
Thank you, karishma, for your explanation.
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2016, 09:56
harikris wrote:
Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with an arrowhead at A is to be constructed in the xy-plane. The x and y coordinates of A and B are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ x ≤ 9 and 0 ≤ y ≤ 9. How many different arrows with these properties can be constructed ?

A. 50
B. 168
C. 200
D. 368
E. 536



Very nice question. But took more than 5 mins to solve. Used the approach same as discussed above. Is there another way ?
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2016, 05:07
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
harikris wrote:
Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with an arrowhead at A is to be constructed in the xy-plane. The x and y coordinates of A and B are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ x ≤ 9 and 0 ≤ y ≤ 9. How many different arrows with these properties can be constructed ?

A. 50
B. 168
C. 200
D. 368
E. 536


Consider the diagram.
The arrows could be vertical, horizontal or diagonal.

Attachment:
Ques4.jpg

The vertical arrows are shown by the blue arrows. 5 of them will start from x = 0, 5 from x = 1 and so on till x = 9. So you have 50 of these blue arrows. You have another 50 vertical arrows which are the same arrows but with the arrow head on the opposite end (shown by the red arrow). So you have a total of 100 vertical arrows.
Similarly, you have 100 horizontal arrows.

Now check out the diagonal arrows. One co-ordinate should be of length 3 and another of 4 (so that the arrow length is 5 and all points are integers). Look at the purple arrows. The x co-ordinate is 3 and the y co-ordinate is 4. You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows. Similarly, you can make 42 arrows with x cor-ordinate as 4 and y co-ordinate as 3. So you have 84 arrows. But you get another set of 84 arrows by keeping the arrows the same but putting the arrow head on the opposite end so you get a total of 2*84 = 168 arrows.

Similarly, you can make arrows in the opposite direction shown by the green arrows. So you have another 168 arrows.

Total = 100 + 100 + 168 + 168 = 536



Hi,

Tried viewing the diagram but it seems diagram cannot be viewed. Please re-upload it, if possible.

Regards,
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2016, 05:10
1
pallaviisinha wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
harikris wrote:
Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with an arrowhead at A is to be constructed in the xy-plane. The x and y coordinates of A and B are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ x ≤ 9 and 0 ≤ y ≤ 9. How many different arrows with these properties can be constructed ?

A. 50
B. 168
C. 200
D. 368
E. 536


Consider the diagram.
The arrows could be vertical, horizontal or diagonal.

Attachment:
Ques4.jpg

The vertical arrows are shown by the blue arrows. 5 of them will start from x = 0, 5 from x = 1 and so on till x = 9. So you have 50 of these blue arrows. You have another 50 vertical arrows which are the same arrows but with the arrow head on the opposite end (shown by the red arrow). So you have a total of 100 vertical arrows.
Similarly, you have 100 horizontal arrows.

Now check out the diagonal arrows. One co-ordinate should be of length 3 and another of 4 (so that the arrow length is 5 and all points are integers). Look at the purple arrows. The x co-ordinate is 3 and the y co-ordinate is 4. You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows. Similarly, you can make 42 arrows with x cor-ordinate as 4 and y co-ordinate as 3. So you have 84 arrows. But you get another set of 84 arrows by keeping the arrows the same but putting the arrow head on the opposite end so you get a total of 2*84 = 168 arrows.

Similarly, you can make arrows in the opposite direction shown by the green arrows. So you have another 168 arrows.

Total = 100 + 100 + 168 + 168 = 536



Hi,

Tried viewing the diagram but it seems diagram cannot be viewed. Please re-upload it, if possible.

Regards,
Pallavi


Diagram is visible in the original post: arrow-ab-which-is-a-line-segment-exactly-5-units-along-with-139558.html#p1127334

Here it is again:

Image
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Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2016, 00:16
"The x co-ordinate is 3 and the y co-ordinate is 4. You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows. "



Hi Karishma,
Many thanks in advance...
Will you please tell me how you got this ?
" You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows.[/color]"

How you got 7*6 ?
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2016, 23:22
sayan640 wrote:
"The x co-ordinate is 3 and the y co-ordinate is 4. You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows. "



Hi Karishma,
Many thanks in advance...
Will you please tell me how you got this ?
" You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows.[/color]"

How you got 7*6 ?


x is between 0 and 9 (inclusive) and y is between 0 and 9 (inclusive).

So if we need the length of x to be 3, we can start it anywhere from x = 0 to x = 6 (7 cases).
If we start the arrow at x = 7, with a length of 3, it will mean that the end point of the arrow will have x co-ordinate of 10 (which is not allowed).
So for the x co-ordinate, you have 7 options.

Similarly, the length of y should be 4 so we can start it anywhere from y = 0 to y = 5 (6 cases)
If we start the arrow at y = 6, with a length of 4, it will mean that the end point of the arrow will have y co-ordinate of 10 (which is not allowed).
So for the y co-ordinate, you have 6 options.

Hence you get a total of 7 * 6 = 42 acceptable cases.
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2016, 23:41
harikris wrote:
Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with an arrowhead at A is to be constructed in the xy-plane. The x and y coordinates of A and B are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ x ≤ 9 and 0 ≤ y ≤ 9. How many different arrows with these properties can be constructed ?

A. 50
B. 168
C. 200
D. 368
E. 536


Total = 100 (Horizontal Arrows)+ 100 (Vertical Arrows) + 168 (Diagonal Arrows)+ 168 (Diagonal Arrows) = 536
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New post 29 Aug 2016, 01:31
Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with an arrowhead at A is to be constructed in the xy-plane. The x and y coordinates of A and B are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ x ≤ 9 and 0 ≤ y ≤ 9. How many different arrows with these properties can be constructed ?

A. 50
B. 168
C. 200
D. 368
E. 536

root ((x1-x2)^2+(y1-y2)^2) = 25

1 > if |x1-x2| = 5 & |y1-y2| =0
x1 =0 x2 =5
x1 =1 x2 =6
......

x1 =4 x2 =9
x1 =5 X2 =0
x1 =9 x2 = 4
................
so total 10 possibility

for (y1-y2) =0

y1 =0 y2=0
..
y1=9 y2 =9
so total 10 possibility

total 100 combination
2 > if |x1-x2| = 0 & |y1-y2| = 5
again 100 combination

3> if |x1-x2| = 3 & |y1-y2| =4

x1=0 x2=3
........
x1=3 x2= 6/0
x1=4 x2= 7/1
x1=5 x2= 2/8
x1=6 x2 = 9/3
x1 =7 x2= 4
x1 =8 x2= 5
x1 =9 x2= 6

total 14 possibility

(y1-y2) =4
y1=0 y2=4
........
y1=4 y2=0

y1=5 y2 =9
total 12 possibility
combination =14*12 =168 possibility

3> if |x1-x2| = 4 & |y1-y2| =3
combination =14*12 =168 possibility
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2016, 11:23
I dont think that questions such as this often come in exams. Even for a 700+ level, this is a rare question.
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 09:14
Top Contributor
I think there is a typo? Highlighted in red
monsama wrote:
ANSWER: E
If A and B have the same x-coordinate then we have 10 pairs of y-coordinate of A and B per x-coordinate. (eg: 1-5, 2-6...) => 10*10 = 100 arrows.
Similarly, if A and B have the same y-coordinate then we have another 100 arrows.
If A(a,c) and B(b,d) don't have the same x-coordinate or y-coordinate then either |a-b|=3,|c-d|=4 or |a-b|=4,|c-d|=3
In the first case, there are 14 pairs of x-coordinate, and 12 pairs of y-coordinate. => 14*12 = 168 arrows.
Similarly in the second case, there are 168 arrows.
Therefore, We have 100 + 100 + 168 + 168 = 536 arrows.

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 04:04
daviesj wrote:
I didn't get the explaination....
what i did was i formed the grid on xy plane with info provided. total grid points i got were 100 and we need to select 2 points to form an arrow...so 100C2 : 4950...which is nowhere near the answer....whr exactly i m making the mistake?

Posted from my mobile device


What You did not consider is length should be 5 units.
The way by which You are selecting could lead to any length. So select a way of making length of line equal to 5 units.
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New post 24 Jun 2018, 04:11
SoumiyaGoutham wrote:
Now check out the diagonal arrows. One co-ordinate should be of length 3 and another of 4 (so that the arrow length is 5 and all points are integers),..
Am not clear with this. Please help.
Thanks in advance1


I hope that u understood the non diagonal type of arrows. Foe example A(1,0) and B(6,0). So the length will be 5 units.

Now some arrows are also possible with diagonals. For example A (2,5) and B (5,9). If You check length of this arrow, so it is also 5. So we should include such arrows also.

I hope now You are clear.
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2018, 06:14
Length of a line segment^2 = (x2-x1)^2 +(y2-y1)^2 =5^2 (exact length is 5 )
Here x1,x2,y1,y2 are integers between 0 and 9(inclusive)

=> (x2-x1) is integer and (y2-y1) is integer .Let x2-x1=a and y2-y1=b

possible cases :

1. a=0,b=5
2.a=5,b=0
3.a=3,b=4
4.a=4,b=3

For above count(s) of possible combinations are :

1.10*5*2 (inverse ,e.g.: (0,9-4) and (0,4-9) ,no doubling where diff is zero to avoid double count )
2.5*2*10
3.7*6*4 (multiplies by 4 since 4 cases possible for each 7*6 combo )
4.6*7*4

Above sums up to 536
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2019, 12:07
VeritasKarishma wrote:
harikris wrote:
Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with an arrowhead at A is to be constructed in the xy-plane. The x and y coordinates of A and B are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ x ≤ 9 and 0 ≤ y ≤ 9. How many different arrows with these properties can be constructed ?

A. 50
B. 168
C. 200
D. 368
E. 536


Consider the diagram.
The arrows could be vertical, horizontal or diagonal.

Attachment:
Ques4.jpg

The vertical arrows are shown by the blue arrows. 5 of them will start from x = 0, 5 from x = 1 and so on till x = 9. So you have 50 of these blue arrows. You have another 50 vertical arrows which are the same arrows but with the arrow head on the opposite end (shown by the red arrow). So you have a total of 100 vertical arrows.
Similarly, you have 100 horizontal arrows.

Now check out the diagonal arrows. One co-ordinate should be of length 3 and another of 4 (so that the arrow length is 5 and all points are integers). Look at the purple arrows. The x co-ordinate is 3 and the y co-ordinate is 4. You can make 7*6 = 42 such arrows. Similarly, you can make 42 arrows with x cor-ordinate as 4 and y co-ordinate as 3. So you have 84 arrows. But you get another set of 84 arrows by keeping the arrows the same but putting the arrow head on the opposite end so you get a total of 2*84 = 168 arrows.

Similarly, you can make arrows in the opposite direction shown by the green arrows. So you have another 168 arrows.

Total = 100 + 100 + 168 + 168 = 536


Why we cannot build horizontal arrows?
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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2019, 06:24
Solving without graph.
Attachments

File comment: Solving without graph.
photo_2019-04-23_18-21-36.jpg
photo_2019-04-23_18-21-36.jpg [ 115.74 KiB | Viewed 159 times ]


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Re: Arrow AB which is a line segment exactly 5 units along with   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2019, 06:24

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