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# As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people

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As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2019, 04:05
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79% (00:53) correct 21% (01:09) wrong based on 141 sessions

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As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than did in the 1960’s and 1970’s, a twenty year period during which people born after the war swelled the ranks of workers.

(A) less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than

(B) less people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as

(C) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s as

(D) fewer people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as

(E) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than

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Re: As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2019, 04:19
Two point elimination

People can be Fewer not less so A , b Out

Comparison 1980 than previous so than needed

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Re: As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2019, 11:21
As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than did in the 1960’s and 1970’s, a twenty year period during which people born after the war swelled the ranks of workers.

(A) less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than( people can be counted so fewer is correct)

(B) less people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as( same as in A)

(C) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s as( fewer than is correct)

(D) fewer people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as( same as in C)

(E) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than( Correct)

Will go with choice E.

Thanks
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As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 15 Jan 2019, 07:22
As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than did in the 1960’s and 1970’s, a twenty year period during which people born after the war swelled the ranks of workers.

Main comparison among people who will enter the labor force in 1980's, 1960's and 1970's.
Underlined portions starts with "less" people - we know that - people - countable noun, hence need "fewer". Eliminate (A) and (B).
Also we need correct constraction for comparison "fewer...than", so eliminate (C) and (D).
If we delve little bit deeper, "will be entering" in (B) and (D) - future continious tense - we need some point of time in the future to refer, so is incorrect.

(A) less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than

(B) less people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as

(C) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s as

(D) fewer people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as

(E) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than

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My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

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Originally posted by GKomoku on 11 Jan 2019, 11:37.
Last edited by GKomoku on 15 Jan 2019, 07:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Posts: 14
Re: As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 01:28
Since people are "countable", fewer is the correct usage. A, B eliminated.
Use of "as" is incorrect because we are comparing. C, D also eliminated.
E is correct, "than" is required.
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 929
Re: As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2019, 02:17
Bunuel wrote:
As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than did in the 1960’s and 1970’s, a twenty year period during which people born after the war swelled the ranks of workers.

(A) less people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than

(B) less people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as

(C) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s as

(D) fewer people will be entering the labor force in the 1980’s as

(E) fewer people will enter the labor force in the 1980’s than

we do not need to discuss about comparison to get OA for this problem. but, we can discuss comparison for other questions.

some special comparion sentence require zero subject in the second clause of comparison. look at choice e.
we can not add subjects for "than did...." . specifically, we can not add "number of persons," or, "persons" or "they", because all of these subjects will make wrong comparison. so this special pattern requires zero subject.
I give you another question from gmatprep.
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000.

(A) than those that charge
(B) than are charging
(C) than to charge
(D) as charge
(E) as those charging

this special pattern is the way for gmat to trick us. but no longer can it do so if we are informed
Re: As a result of the continuing decline in the birth rate, less people   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2019, 02:17
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