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As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser

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As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Aug 2019, 03:23
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A
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C
D
E

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As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

(A) As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing

(B) As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes

(C) The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes

(D) The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing

(E) The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes


Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

https://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/17/science/selfless-helpful-intelligent-wasp-yellow-jackets-much-more-than-evil-guests.html?pagewanted=2

Yellow jackets, by contrast, sting readily when anybody goes after their nests, which is why Dr. Wenzel has been stung at least a thousand times. There are 15 species of yellow jacket in this country, and all have the delightful ability to sting their victims, not once, as a honeybee will, but multiple times. The difference lies in the structure of the stinger. Whereas a honeybee stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, resulting in the evisceration and death of the bee, the yellow jacket stinger is comparatively smooth, and can be pulled out and reinserted as its possessor sees fit.

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Originally posted by spriya on 30 Aug 2008, 08:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 Aug 2019, 03:23, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2012, 16:49
41
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Hi debayan,

This is my response to a PM on this one.

As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

(A) As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing
(B) As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
(C) The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes
(D) The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing
(E) The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes

Since the meaning of this sentence is not difficult to understand, let’s evaluate the errors in this sentence:

Error Analysis:
1. There is no antecedent for “this”. Being a pronoun, “this” must refer to a noun, but from the meaning of the sentence, we know that an action results in something.
2. Also, only an action can “result in” something. We cannot say “a thing” “result in” something.
3. Notice the construction of this part “… of stinging causing…”. This is ungrammatical. We can only use a verb-ing word in this construction if it is a modifier.

PoE:

(A) As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

(B) As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes: Incorrect. Per this choice, there is no independent clause in the sentence.

(C) The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes: Incorrect. It repeats the second error of choice A. Per this choice, the sentence says “The honeybee’s stingers” (a thing) results in something.

(D) The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing: Incorrect. It repeats the third error in the original choice.

(E) The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes: Correct.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2008, 08:55
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A. As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.
-In this choice, staying where it is inserted is a modifier that provides additional information about the stinger. Thus, the information following the modifier, prefaced with "this results," does not correctly refer to anything in the sentence (if anything, it describes the stinger itself, rather than the fact that the stinger stays where it is inserted)

B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
-Since each clause is introduced by "connecting" punctuation ("as" and "with") this sentence contains no subject.

C. The honeybee's stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes
-Similar to choice A, this choice uses the modifier heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted to describe the stinger. By removing this modifier (The honeybee's stinger results in the fact that ...), it becomes obvious that the sentence incorrectly states that the stinger itself, rather than the properties of the stinger, results in something. Moreover, the phrase "the fact that" is awkward and unnecessary.

D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing
- This choice incorrectly equates the verbs stays and results. However, the sentence intends to indicate that the result is due to fact that the stinger stays where it is inserted.

E. The honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
-CORRECT. This choice clearly states that the stinger (subject) stays (verb), resulting in particularly poor circumstances for the honeybee!
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2009, 07:32
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1
My bet is on D. Here are reasons-
A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this
results in the act of stinging causing---this
B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes---with the result
C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in
the fact that the act of stinging causes---results in the fact
D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results
in the act of stinging causing---good
E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes---with the result

Let me know the OA.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Jan 2013, 18:20
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9
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the
act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.
A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this
results in the act of stinging causing
B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes
C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in
the fact that the act of stinging causes
D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results
in the act of stinging causing
E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes


Answer is (E) - please reference the video explanation here:
http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/2407

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Originally posted by GMATPill on 28 Apr 2009, 12:04.
Last edited by GMATPill on 17 Jan 2013, 18:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Jun 2009, 07:24
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vageesh wrote:
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the
act of stinging causing
the bee to sustain a fatal injury.
A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this
results in the act of stinging causing
B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes
C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in
the fact that the act of stinging causes
D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results
in the act of stinging causing
E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes


Yes, I've looked up this question in another thread, and the OA is E! I managed to narrow my answer choices to C and E, but I chose C. Here's what I know: present participle + another present participle (stinging causing) is wrong because you don't know whether the first one is modifying the second one or the vise versa. That eliminates answer choices A, B,and D.

Another thing with option B is that the sentence starts with "as" treating the first part of the sentence as a dependant clause, so naturally you would expect to find an independent clause after the comma, but you don't. So it's wrong.

Now the tricky part is between C and E where I was stuck. The part that I should have paid attention in option C is the fact that it essentially says, "The honeybee's stinger results in the fact." So stingers automatically result to a fact??? It's illogical. So option E remains!

Originally posted by tarek99 on 09 Jun 2009, 07:29.
Last edited by tarek99 on 12 Jun 2009, 07:24, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 19:23
2
souvik101990 wrote:
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

(A) As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing
(B) As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
(C) The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes
(D) The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing
(E) The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes



Hi Souvik,

Really a good question ... i think took me around 4-5 min to guess the answer (was between A & E).Finally had to look at the OA :(

I will take a shot at this question (as per my understanding)


(A) As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing

1)this -- pronoun -- does not have the clear refferent -- should refer to the staying where it is inserted which is a clause and hence cannot be referred to.

(B) As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes

1)As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted -- Dep. Clause
2)with the result that the act of stinging causes --- Modifier modifying stays
3)Indep. Clause missing ?

(C) The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes

1)does not conveys the intended meaning of the sentence....

(D) The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing

1)Seems from the meaning of the sentence that stinger results in the act of stinging whereas it is the act of stinger staying which results in.... (as per my understanding)

(E) The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
Correct option

But what bothers me in this sentence is that this sentence (Option E) defines two characterstics of the Honeybee's stinger whereas the original sentence started with the meaning that
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted

it looks as if since the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed it stays where it is inserted (Pls correct me if i'm misintrepreting the meaaning of the sentence here)


Pls correct me if i'm missing some pt here.

@Ivan: couldn't agree more with you :)

Thanks
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 22:07
1
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souvik101990 wrote:
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

(A) As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing
(B) As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
(C) The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes
(D) The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing
(E) The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes


This question is mainly based on meaning Clarity.
Evaluation of each option.

In A, the meaning of the sentence is completely distorted.
It is trying to show that action "staying" is subordinate to "heavily barbed". Incorrect.

In B, there is sentence fragment.
There is no verb in the first part and also in the second part.
Option B makes the entire sentence a fragment. Incorrect

In C, the meaning is incorrect.
It shows that the stinger results in the act of stinging. But it is the action of "staying where it is inserted" which results in the act of stinging.

D shows that staying and resulting are two different actions. Incorrect

E - Correct.
In this "with the result" clearly modifies the action "stays where it is inserted".

Thanks

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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2012, 15:15
7
Hi Debayan,

I do feel that you have gotten the mood right here. However, I still want to add a few things here to make things simpler and easier to apply.
Always remember that the modifiers are just some extra information in the sentence they help us pad up the sentence and make it look “fat” (complex). We should always be able to identify the core of the sentence that is the SV pair.

Look at this sentence with choice C:
The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

We can easily eliminate “heavily… inserted” as it the exta padding in the sentence. The core of the sentence reads “The honeybee’s stinger results in…”. This usage is not correct. Just the stinger by itself does not result in anything. It is the action of insertion of the stinger that leads to fatal injury for honeybee’s. There has to be some kind of action associated for the use of “results in”.

Hope this helps. :)
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2014, 01:34
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As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

Lets Break the sentence:
Clause 1: As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted
Clause 2: this results in the act of stinging causing[/u] the bee to sustain a fatal injury :

Here wrong idiom is used, As X as Y is used for comparison and As + noun used to show the role. Here use of As is wrong.
This and These can not stand alone, they have to be used with a noun.

A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing

B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes

C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes - This sentence is grammatically correct but wrong in meaning. The honeybee stinger result in the fact. Under time pressure i also chose this choice wrongly.

D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing - Comma + and starts a new clause. In this sentence 'and' clause do not have a subject.

E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes- This seems to be the best option. However in am confused about with clause here.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2016, 23:56
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the
act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.


A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this
results in the act of stinging causing

1> As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this
results =>does n't result in the act of stinging.

2> THis is standalone pronoun. Doesn't work

B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes

C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in
the fact that the act of stinging causes

the stinger doesn't result in anything.
it can only be action that results in something.

D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results
in the act of stinging causing

E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the
result that the act of stinging causes
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 16:45
2
As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.
A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing
B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes
D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing
E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes

A - structure: Sub-ordinate clause - Main clause
This -> refers to entire clause which is not correct - Pronoun cannot refer to entire clause.

B - sub-ordinate clause - Main clause
As... and with... both are prepositional phrases and not Main clause. So the option has no Main clause.

C - "The honeybee's stinger... results in the fact" the main clause doesn't represent an complete thought.

D - comma+and => connects 2 IC. The second clause "results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury" doesn't have a verb.

E - parallel structure The honeybee's stinger is heavily... & stays where...
prepositional phrase "with the result..." answers the question WHAT happens to honeybee’s stinger. Here the prepositional phrase acts as noun modifier
modifying subject of the main clause.

Also, here we have inverted sentence structure. Prepositional phrase+verb => of stinging causes. So verb "causes" belongs to subject "fatal injury"

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New post 07 Jul 2017, 20:35
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As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing the bee to sustain a fatal injury.

A. As the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inserted, this results in the act of stinging causing
B. As the heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
C. The honeybee’s stinger, heavily barbed and staying where it is inserted, results in the fact that the act of stinging causes
D. The heavily barbed stinger of the honeybee stays where it is inserted, and results in the act of stinging causing
E. The honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 May 2019, 20:05
hi,Dear AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , ChiranjeevSingh , VeritasPrepBrian , @MartyMurray , daagh , ccooley ,other experts
I have a question,
''My brother is BILLY and teaches the GMAT'',incorrect
but why "The honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes" can be correct .
thank you very much!

Can ''be'' and ''do '' parallel?

Originally posted by wanghewei on 08 May 2019, 18:59.
Last edited by wanghewei on 10 May 2019, 20:05, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2019, 12:55
1
first off, the construction (preposition) + NOUN + VERBing is WRONG, unless the preposition refers directly to the NOUN. (that isn't usually the case, so, if you're in doubt, you should strike choices with this sort of construction.)

for instance:
i've never heard of bees stinging dogs
WRONG. this is not an issue of whether you've heard of bees themselves; it's an issue of whether you've heard of their stinging dogs.

...results in the act of stinging causing...
WRONG. this doesn't result in the act of stinging itself; it results in what is caused by the act of stinging.

i have a picture of my cousin playing hockey.
CORRECT. this time, the picture is actually of my cousin, so we're good.

therefore, (a) and (d) are wrong because of "...results in the act of stinging causing...".

--

the pronoun "this" in (a) doesn't refer to any particular noun. this consideration also kills (a).

--


you can't say "the stinger results in...".
"results in..." can only be used when it's LITERALLY TRUE. for instance, you could say that the attempt resulted in failure, since the attempt ITSELF ended in failure.
if you understand this literal meaning, then it goes without saying that you can't use this sort of construction for physical objects.
TAKEAWAY:
you can only say "X results in Y" when X is an ACTION. if X is an OBJECT, you can NEVER say that X "results" in anything.
this kills choices (c) and (d), in which "stinger" is the subject of the verb "results".

--

choice (b) misuses the connector "as".
the connector "as" connects two complete sentences BY ITSELF. if "as" is used to connect two complete sentences, it should NOT be used in conjunction with any other connector words.

in choice (b), "as" and "with" are used together. the use of either of these prohibits the use of the other, so this choice is wrong.

--

not sure what you're asking in #3. it looks like at least 2 completely different questions.

the MEANING of the sentence is that the bee's stinger stays where it's placed, and so the bee dies because it can't get away after the sting.

as far as HOW TO SPLIT, you'll notice that i've given several different angles from which to approach this one.
there aren't really genuine "splits" - i.e., easily identifiable points of divergence between clearly parallel items - so you just have to try to identify any of the multitude of errors present





Correct answer is E

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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2019, 19:32
2
wanghewei wrote:
hi,Dear AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , ChiranjeevSingh , VeritasPrepBrian , @MartyMurray , daagh , ccooley ,other experts
I have a question,
''My brother is BILLY and teaches the GMAT'',incorrect
but why "The honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed and stays where it is inserted, with the result that the act of stinging causes" can be correct .
thank you very much!

Can ''be'' and ''do '' parallel?

Hi wanghewei,

Happy to help! :) This is definitely tricky. When we have the verb "to be", ambiguities like this can arise. Although it's subtle, the problem with ''My brother is BILLY and teaches the GMAT'' is that we technically have two subjects here, "Billy" and "brother", and it's unclear which of them is the subject of "teaches the GMAT". That creates ambiguity here, which makes the sentence incorrect.

So to correct the ambiguity, we would want to say: ''My brother is BILLY and he teaches the GMAT''.

This issue only arises with the verb "to be" when we have multiple possible subjects. So the following sentence would be correct: "My brother is intelligent and teaches the GMAT". There's only one possible subject here: "brother". This is the same structure that the original sentence in this question follows ("the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed..."). Since "heavily barbed" is an adjective, not a noun, there's no subject ambiguity, and so the parallelism is correct -- "stinger" is the subject of "is" and of "stays".

I hope that helps! :)
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 13:11
Could anyone help conduct a thorough grammatical analysis of the phrase in option (E) "with the result that the act of stinging causes..." and translate it into simple subordinate clause?
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Re: As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2019, 13:11
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As the honeybee's stinger is heavily barbed, staying where it is inser

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