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Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of

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Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Jan 2019, 05:06
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Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of different surface features, including craters, mountains, valleys, and fractures, some astronomers suggest that at one time repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of mutual gravitational attraction.


(A) repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of

(B) repeated impacts on the surface broke it apart, after which the fragments having rejoined with

(C) through repeated impacts that the surface broke apart, after which the fragments subsequently rejoined by

(D) the surface broke apart with repeated impacts, after which the fragments having rejoined through

(E) the surface broke apart as a result of repeated impacts, after which the fragments rejoined through

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Originally posted by ykaiim on 22 Jun 2010, 09:43.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Jan 2019, 05:06, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2010, 10:38
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IMO : E
subsequently & after which ----> redundant. eliminates A and C
having ---- eliminates B and D
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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2013, 00:23
What about the "rejoined by" , "rejoined through" and "rejoined because of" are any of these idiomatic expressions?

After which, subsequently redundant? Can someone verify? Thanks!


As per my analysis of this question

some astronomers suggest that at one time..

So its best to the subject first and only D and E does that..

D had having incorrect but I had no solid reason to eliminate the other choices!
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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2013, 00:57
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fozzzy wrote:
What about the "rejoined by" , "rejoined through" and "rejoined because of" are any of these idiomatic expressions?

After which, subsequently redundant? Can someone verify? Thanks!


As per my analysis of this question

some astronomers suggest that at one time..

So its best to the subject first and only D and E does that..

D had having incorrect but I had no solid reason to eliminate the other choices!


hi,

i dont think there is an idiomatic usage...and that is not the split here.the error her is the wrong referent of WHICH.
AS WHICH has a referent to the closeset noun....and here its creating ambiguity in wrong answer choices.

Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of different surface features, including craters, mountains, valleys, and fractures, some astronomers suggest that at one time repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of mutual gravitational attraction.

A. repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined becaust of===>here comma AND is used...means two IC are separated but second IC starts with AFTER WHICH....here we dont know....what is WHICH refering to==hence not an IC==>WRONG
B.repeated impacts on the surface broke it apart, after which the fragments having rejoined with===>WHAT is which referring to SURFACE or REPEATED IMPACTS....logic wise it should refer to REPEATED IMPACTS ...but here its ambiguous.==>incorrect
C.through repeated impacts that the surface broke apart, after which the fragments subsequently rejoined by===>firstly its a fragment...secondly incorrect referent of WHICH.
SOME ASTRONOMER SUGGEST THAT AT ONE TIME THROUGH REPEATED IMPACTS.......now after this use of THAT introduces a new clause hence makes sentence fragment.
D.the surface broke apart with repeated impacts, after which the fragments having rejoined through.==>here WHICH has a correct referent REPEATED IMPACT....but the use of having rejoined makes it wrong===>it means fragment was already joined through gravitational attraction===>hence wrong.
E.the surface broke apart as a result of repeated impacts, after which the fragments rejoined through. ===>correct referent of WHICH and correct intended meaning.

hence its E.
HOPE it helps.
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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2015, 00:59
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The answer is E. Subsequently is redundant.
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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 07:40
Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of different surface features, including craters, mountains, valleys, and fractures, some astronomers suggest that at one time repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of mutual gravitational attraction.

A. repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined becaust of

1. after which - subsequently : redundant
2. "after which" & "and" don't require "and" one connecting word is good enough



E.the surface broke apart as a result of repeated impacts, after which the fragments rejoined through.
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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 08:46
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Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of different surface features, including craters, mountains, valleys, and fractures, some astronomers suggest that at one time repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of mutual gravitational attraction.

A. repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of -----1. and after which renders the sentence unparallel 2. Subsequently and after are redundant.

B. repeated impacts on the surface broke it apart, after which the fragments having rejoined with ----- after which is a subordinate clause but lack a verb; this is a fragment.

C. through repeated impacts that the surface broke apart, after which the fragments subsequently rejoined by ----- after and subsequently are redundant

D.the surface broke apart with repeated impacts, after which the fragments having rejoined through.--- after which is a subordinate clause, but lacks the finite verb
A.the surface broke apart as a result of repeated impacts, after which the fragments rejoined through. Correct sentence with no fragmentation or redundancy.

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Re: Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2019, 04:54
ykaiim wrote:
Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of different surface features, including craters, mountains, valleys, and fractures, some astronomers suggest that at one time repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of mutual gravitational attraction.

(A) repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of

(B) repeated impacts on the surface broke it apart, after which the fragments having rejoined with

(C) through repeated impacts that the surface broke apart, after which the fragments subsequently rejoined by

(D) the surface broke apart with repeated impacts, after which the fragments having rejoined through

(E) the surface broke apart as a result of repeated impacts, after which the fragments rejoined through


look at choice A.
"and after which" requires "which" at the beginning of the sentence
the time at which I talked to her and after which I loved her is in the past.
this is correct sentence. choice A has no "which" at first, so, it can not have "after which" latter.
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Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2019, 20:54
Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of different surface features, including craters, mountains, valleys, and fractures, some astronomers suggest that at one time repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of mutual gravitational attraction.

(A) repeated impacts broke the surface apart, and after which the fragments were subsequently rejoined because of - - don't need 'and' if you use 'after which' (no need for 2 linking words/phrases); redundancy: 'after which' means the same thing as 'subsequently', so having both is fatal
'because of' is sketchy; it suggests indirect causation, while the clear meaning is that gravitational attraction was directly responsible
bad parallelism: first half is in active voice, but second half is in passive voice
(B) repeated impacts on the surface broke it apart, after which the fragments having rejoined with - - 'it' could potentially refer to either 'surface' or 'miranda' (or even 'uranus')
- 'having rejoined with' isn't a verb (an actual bona fide verb is required for parallelism)
(C) through repeated impacts that the surface broke apart, after which the fragments subsequently rejoined by - the wording suggests that the surface broke apart by itself (although perhaps because of the urging of the impacts) - doesn't have anywhere near as much directness as it should;
redundancy: 'after which' means the same thing as 'subsequently', so having both is fatal
(D) the surface broke apart with repeated impacts, after which the fragments having rejoined through - - 'with' is incorrect as it indicates an aspect of the breakage process itself whereas repeated impacts caused that process
- 'having rejoined': same problem as in choice b
(E) the surface broke apart as a result of repeated impacts, after which the fragments rejoined through - Correct ; proper parallelism: the surface broke apart is parallel to the fragments rejoined

Answer E


"preposition + WHICH" plays the same modifying role as does plain "which" -- namely, it modifies the noun preceding the comma.

in the original sentence, then, this "after which" doesn't make any sense, because there is no noun in the appropriate position (i.e., preceding the comma).

in the correct answer, "after which..." correctly modifies the immediately preceding noun "(repeated) impacts".
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Because Miranda, the smallest moon of Uranus, has a large number of   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2019, 20:54
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