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# Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc

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12 Sep 2015, 08:29
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A- Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.---- unidiomatic
B- Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold. --- Unidiomatic
C- Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold. --- correct choice
D- Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold. -- Unidiomatic
E- Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.---like that of has no status. ‘like what of gold’ has no answer

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06 Oct 2015, 09:43
1
alphaseeker wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

A- Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
B- Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
C- Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
D- Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
E- Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

Split #1: demand in vs demand for
demand for is unidiomatic => A, B, and D are wrong

Split #2: Less/decreased availability vs greater/decreased demand
Considering the meaning of sentence, using greater demand & less availability will make mistake

Only choice C is the correct answer
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2016, 12:03
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I am afraid something is out of sync with logic in this topic. Let us decide clearly whether the expensiveness of Platinum is an eternal factor or a temporary phenomenaon. .The word consistently seems to indicate that this is an eternal factor rather than a short-term spurt. Therefore, I would tick ‘consistently’ in rather than out.
However, when we call something as a decreased availability, we mean to say that the availably was greater earlier and at this point it has rather decreased from those levels. This is what is out of sync with the professed theme that platinum is generally less available meaning sparsely available.
Of course, one can understand the increased demand in research.

In gist, I would say that platinum has ever been less available and hence less availability suits the context better than decresed availability. Well after dropping choices 2 and 5 for their improper use of that, there is still a problem to find a choice that combines ‘less availability’, ‘demand in’, and consistently expensive.

This is IMO.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2016, 12:31
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The official explanation that choice C brings out a cause and effect relationship is illogical. Please note the word, arguably. It is still debatable whether the town is the best-preserved medieval town. While so, how can we take that it was granted a status of World Heritage. Does anyone give a site a heritage status, because it is still argued to be whether best preserved or not.
In addition, a World Heritage title is given not because a site is well maintained but because it is ancient.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 01:02
1
mikemcgarry wrote:
hogann wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

SaraLotfy wrote:
Hello Mike,
Would you be so kind as to take a look at the link above and tell me your take on this question.
thanks

Dear Sara,
I'm happy to help.

Overall, this seems like a solid question. I have no idea what the source is, but I like the splits, and it definitely has one unambiguously clear answer, the way a good SC question should. I don't know why they include "because of" in the underline, since it's identical in all five answers, but that's a niggling stylistic detail. The question itself is of very high quality.

Split #1: (less & greater) vs. (decreased & increased). This is really a false split. It's true, the former pair will be more widely applicable than the latter pair, because the latter pair is limited to instanced in which there has been a change in quantity over time, but apparently that's true here, so either is fine.
Split #2: demand for vs. demand in. This is a very clever idiom split. The phrasing "demand for scientific research" would mean that, overall, folks want more scientific research --- it doesn't matter the topic, the research area --- people just want more. That would be very non-specific, and would necessarily have a whole lot to do with platinum. The focus, the star, of the sentence is platinum. The "availability" is clearly the availability of platinum, so for logical consistency, it should also be a "demand" for platinum. The noun "scientific research" is NOT the thing demanded, but instead the context in which the platinum is demanded. Therefore, we must say "demand in scientific research", which implies that the demand is for platinum. The only answers consistent with this split are (C) and (E).
Split #3: the comparison with "gold" at the end. Three answers have "platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold," which is perfectly correct. Since there's no other noun in that clause, it's crystal clear that the comparison is between platinum and gold. Choice (B) has "platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold," which is logically incorrect --- we are comparing the metal platinum to what about gold???? Choice (E) has "platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold" is grammatically & logically correct, but rhetorically unacceptable: it's a long, indirect, bulky way of saying something that can be said much more efficiently and succinctly, and in fact, is said that way in three other answer choices. Choice (B) & (E) cannot be correct.
On the basis of these splits, only (C) can be the correct answer. Choice (C) is mistake-free and elegant, and each of the other four answer choices has an unambiguous problem preventing it from being the answer. This is an an exceptionally good question. Kudos to whoever wrote it!!

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hi Mike - In option E - Like that of Gold -- What is that referring to?
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 14:04
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi Mike - In option E - Like that of Gold -- What is that referring to?

Dear rakaisraka,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, I will point out a grammatical nicety in your writing. You asked, "What is that referring to?" This is a sentence that ends with a preposition. This is a gray area in modern grammar. Many intelligent people today would say that this is 100% perfectly fine. A hundred years ago, this wasn't acceptable, and folks who are grammar conservatives (such as myself) still have problem with this. The GMAT tends to be conservative. They never would test this particular point: it never would be the deciding split in a SC question. Nevertheless, when this structure does appear, it almost invariable appears as part of an incorrect choice, a choice is that clearly incorrect for some other reason. I am cautioning you simply so that this is on your radar. When you write your B-school essay, your cover letter for any job, etc. etc. you never know if the person reading it will be grammatically conservative or grammatically liberal. It might be a person who has no problem with a sentence that ends with a preposition, or it might be a person whose opinion of you drops slightly when they see that structure. With all these controversial gray-area structures, it's always good to develop the habit of sticking to the more conservative course as long as you are trying to make a good impression on people, especially people you don't know yet. The more formal, high-spoken way to ask that same question would be, "To what does that refer?" In this case, this is also more concise and more elegant.

The issue of words omitted in the second branch of a parallel structure is hard. See this blog article:
Dropping Common Words in Parallel on the GMAT
It's always hard on the GMAT, because the GMAT will give you the sentence with the common words already missing, and it's up to you to figure out what words were dropped.

It's important to remember that parallelism is not really a grammatical structure. Parallelism is a logical structure, and the grammar's job is to mirror the underlying logic. When you are this situation, think about the logic. Here is the end of (E):
...platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.
Think about it. The overall comparison relates the two precious metals, platinum (Pt) and gold (Au). The sentence says that platinum has a high price, so it must be true that gold also has a high price (incidentally, that should not be a big surprise if you know anything about the commodities market!) The word "that" stands for the words "the price." Here's a version of (E) with the pronoun replaced:
...platinum remains at a consistently high price, like the price of gold.
The strict comparison is between two prices: the price of Pt and the price of Au. The second price is remaining "consistently high" like the first price.

Does all this make sense?

Mike
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2017, 13:21
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold. -With greater we need "than".

(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold. -"that of" is wrong

(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold. -Correct

(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold. -Demand in research is correct

(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold. -With greater we need "than". "that of" is wrongly used
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2018, 20:22
mikemcgarry wrote:
hogann wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

SaraLotfy wrote:
Hello Mike,
Would you be so kind as to take a look at the link above and tell me your take on this question.
thanks

Dear Sara,
I'm happy to help.

Overall, this seems like a solid question. I have no idea what the source is, but I like the splits, and it definitely has one unambiguously clear answer, the way a good SC question should. I don't know why they include "because of" in the underline, since it's identical in all five answers, but that's a niggling stylistic detail. The question itself is of very high quality.

Split #1: (less & greater) vs. (decreased & increased). This is really a false split. It's true, the former pair will be more widely applicable than the latter pair, because the latter pair is limited to instanced in which there has been a change in quantity over time, but apparently that's true here, so either is fine.
Split #2: demand for vs. demand in. This is a very clever idiom split. The phrasing "demand for scientific research" would mean that, overall, folks want more scientific research --- it doesn't matter the topic, the research area --- people just want more. That would be very non-specific, and would necessarily have a whole lot to do with platinum. The focus, the star, of the sentence is platinum. The "availability" is clearly the availability of platinum, so for logical consistency, it should also be a "demand" for platinum. The noun "scientific research" is NOT the thing demanded, but instead the context in which the platinum is demanded. Therefore, we must say "demand in scientific research", which implies that the demand is for platinum. The only answers consistent with this split are (C) and (E).
Split #3: the comparison with "gold" at the end. Three answers have "platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold," which is perfectly correct. Since there's no other noun in that clause, it's crystal clear that the comparison is between platinum and gold. Choice (B) has "platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold," which is logically incorrect --- we are comparing the metal platinum to what about gold???? Choice (E) has "platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold" is grammatically & logically correct, but rhetorically unacceptable: it's a long, indirect, bulky way of saying something that can be said much more efficiently and succinctly, and in fact, is said that way in three other answer choices. Choice (B) & (E) cannot be correct.
On the basis of these splits, only (C) can be the correct answer. Choice (C) is mistake-free and elegant, and each of the other four answer choices has an unambiguous problem preventing it from being the answer. This is an an exceptionally good question. Kudos to whoever wrote it!!

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hi mikemcgarry,

Split #3: the comparison with "gold" at the end. Three answers have "platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold," which is perfectly correct.

Is remains-consistently considered redundancy?
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2019, 08:22
B has an obvious issue that can be used to eliminate it. It compares platinum to some unnamed quality of gold, instead of gold itself E is sound and correct but it is very, very bulky. So put that aside for a bit, unless no other option seems correct. ‘demand’ for scientific research’ is not conveying the right thought. The demand is not for more scientific research, it is for platinum in scientific research. Thus A and B are wrong too.

So, the only option left is C.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2019, 00:55
The sooner you realise whats going on here the quicker you'll see how much easier it is to solve.

There are 2 reasons why platinum is expensive: 1. It is becoming less available and 2. it is demanded more for use in scientific research. The only sentences that get this right are C and E

Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.

Like that of gold presumably refers to price? Not sure. It's unclear really and we can't infer, so E is incorrect.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2019, 00:55

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