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Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc

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Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Oct 2018, 23:38
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A
B
C
D
E

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Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.


(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.

(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.

(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.

(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Comparison" Revision Project.

Originally posted by hogann on 15 Oct 2009, 08:53.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Oct 2018, 23:38, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2013, 13:07
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hogann wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

SaraLotfy wrote:
Hello Mike,
Would you be so kind as to take a look at the link above and tell me your take on this question.
thanks

Dear Sara,
I'm happy to help. :-)

Overall, this seems like a solid question. I have no idea what the source is, but I like the splits, and it definitely has one unambiguously clear answer, the way a good SC question should. I don't know why they include "because of" in the underline, since it's identical in all five answers, but that's a niggling stylistic detail. The question itself is of very high quality.

Split #1: (less & greater) vs. (decreased & increased). This is really a false split. It's true, the former pair will be more widely applicable than the latter pair, because the latter pair is limited to instanced in which there has been a change in quantity over time, but apparently that's true here, so either is fine.
Split #2: demand for vs. demand in. This is a very clever idiom split. The phrasing "demand for scientific research" would mean that, overall, folks want more scientific research --- it doesn't matter the topic, the research area --- people just want more. That would be very non-specific, and would necessarily have a whole lot to do with platinum. The focus, the star, of the sentence is platinum. The "availability" is clearly the availability of platinum, so for logical consistency, it should also be a "demand" for platinum. The noun "scientific research" is NOT the thing demanded, but instead the context in which the platinum is demanded. Therefore, we must say "demand in scientific research", which implies that the demand is for platinum. The only answers consistent with this split are (C) and (E).
Split #3: the comparison with "gold" at the end. Three answers have "platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold," which is perfectly correct. Since there's no other noun in that clause, it's crystal clear that the comparison is between platinum and gold. Choice (B) has "platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold," which is logically incorrect --- we are comparing the metal platinum to what about gold???? Choice (E) has "platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold" is grammatically & logically correct, but rhetorically unacceptable: it's a long, indirect, bulky way of saying something that can be said much more efficiently and succinctly, and in fact, is said that way in three other answer choices. Choice (B) & (E) cannot be correct.
On the basis of these splits, only (C) can be the correct answer. Choice (C) is mistake-free and elegant, and each of the other four answer choices has an unambiguous problem preventing it from being the answer. This is an an exceptionally good question. Kudos to whoever wrote it!!

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2010, 06:08
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IMO, the question is not just about idiom or sound but more of meaning
or context.

"demand for Y" is correct much as is "demand in Y"

Platinium is increasingly used in scientific reasearch, and its availability is reducing.
Also, because price is usually proportional to supply (or availability, in this case), the cost of Platinum remains high.

Demand FOR Platinum (IN scientific research) is increasing, its availability is shrinking; the price, as a consequence remains high (just like gold)

The increasing demand is NOT for "scientific research." Rather, there is an increasing
demand FOR platinum IN scientific research.

This is what option (C) says, and we would agree that (D) changes meaning.

Please correct me where I am wrong.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2009, 09:19
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IMO C.

"demand in research" sounds better than "demand for research" , so between C and E.

C seems a better option than E here.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2009, 13:30
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Isn't it better - "demand for X" than "demand in X"?
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New post 17 Oct 2009, 12:30
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[C] is the best option, as besides the use of the terms 'increased' and 'decreased', 'increased demand in scientific research' is the correct idiomatic usage.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2009, 01:45
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The answer is C coz demand in Scientific Research is the correct use , not just idiomatically , but in the whole sense of the sentence.
The option Demand for scientific Research point to scientific research and not Platinum

Hope this helps
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2010, 01:18
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will go with option C

demand FOR scientific research means that scientific research itself is what's desired which is incorrect in this context, we are talking about the demand for platinum in scientific research.
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Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2010, 07:38
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Demand in is preferred to demand for in such a usage. Like there is a lot of demand of IT professionals in the BPO industry, not FOR.

The original sentence contains several errors. First, "less availability" is incorrect when not used in a direct comparison: it begs the question "Less than what?" "Decreased availability" would be better here. Second, "greater demand" also begs the question "greater than what?" "Increased demand" would be better. Third, "Demand for scientific research" implies that the research is in demand, when in fact it is the platinum. "Demand in scientific research" would be better. Fourth, "remains consistently expensive" is redundant. "Remains expesnive" would be enough to convey the idea.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice is incorrect because while it replaces the "greater demand" with "increased demand," it leaves "less availability." "Demand for scientific research" should be changed to "demand in." The redundancy of "consistently" remains, and a illogical comparison is drawn between platinum and "that of gold." It is unclear what the "that" refers to.

(C) CORRECT. This choice replaces "less availability" with "decreased availability" and "greater demand" with "increased demand." The word "consistently" is removed, and "demand for" is changed to "demand in."

(D) This choice incorrectly keeps "Demand for scientific research," which should be changed to "demand in scientific research"

(E) This choice is incorrect because, while it replaces the "less availability" with "decreased availability," it leaves "greater demand." "Remains at a consistently high price" is redundant. It is also more concise to compare the platinum to the gold, rather than the high price (of platinum) to "that of the gold" as is attempted in E.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2010, 03:49
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I went for A. Wow! Tough One.

Lets break it down.

We can actually break the sentence into two.

Which is better?
Less Availabilty OR Decreased availablity.

Less availabilty means that it is not found in large quantities. But 'Low availability' would have been grammatically better and correct.
Decreased availabilty means that it was available in higher quantities in the past.

So we go for Decreased availability.

That leaves us with C,D,E


C. Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
D. Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
E. Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

Which is better?
'increased demand in' or 'increased demand for' or 'greater demand in'?

Increased demand for scientific research does not explicitly state that Platinum was in demand. It can also be understood as an increased demand for scientific research in general.

So we are left with C & E
'increased demand in' or 'greater demand in'?
Both clearly state that the research was for Platinum.

E is wordy when compared to C.
'consistently high price' can simply be substituted with 'expensive'.

So C is the correct answer.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2010, 13:27
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Increase and Decrease are used to express change over a period of time, the intent of Platinum less availability and greater demand indicate change over time
Use Greater or less only when comparison is required
that yields to choice C&D
Platinum remains expensive because of Decreased availability of Platinum IN Scientific Research" seems more reasonable than "Platinum remains expensive because of Increased Demand FOR Scientific research".
C is the right choice
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2010, 09:25
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The question I believe is from Verbal Review - 2nd Edition.

demand in - correct idiom and makes sense in the current context.

demand for - incorrectly refers to the research.

use of 'like' is correct over here - since direct comparison is done between platinum and gold.

Hence C is the correct answer choice.

I hope this helps. Thanks.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2010, 08:06
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I got this wrong but i understand the correct option now.

A is out for using greater, which is used for comparison.

Between C and D.

"demand in scientific research" and "demand for scientific research"

The intent of the sentence is to say "the increased demand of platinum in scientific research" is making it expensive and not just the "increased demand for scientific research".

Hence C
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2012, 05:04
Demand for always wrong?
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New post 26 Apr 2012, 10:59
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Hi monir6000,

The answer to your question is ‘no’. Both the phrases “demand for” and “demand in” are correct. Their usage entirely depends on the context of the sentence as to what the sentence wants to communicate. Let’s take a few simple examples to understand the usage of these phrases.
1. Famine increases the demand for food supplies in the affected area.
Here, the use of “demand for” is correct because the sentence conveys the meaning that when famine takes place, it increases the demand for food supplies. So here we ask ourselves whose demand increases? The answer is of “food supplies”. Hence we say “demand for food supply”.

2. Oil demand in developed country probably peaked in 2005.
In this sentence “demand in” talks about the place where the demand for oil increased. When we say “demand in”, we need to mention the sphere where the demand for an entity has been affected.

Now let’s examine the sentence in question.

Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
In this sentence, when we say “demand for scientific research”, it means that demand for scientific research has been increased. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. The intended meaning is that demand for platinum has increased. In what sphere? In the sphere of scientific research. Hence, the correct phrase that should be used in this subject is “demand in” and not “demand for”.
Answer choices C and E correct that error. However, choice E remains incorrect because there is no referent for “that of”. There is nothing in the sentence that “that for” can stand for. Hence choice C is the correct answer.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2012, 11:47
hi all,

i thought that the verb tenses decreased and increased were consistent in C which was another reason for me to select C. it means that both the decrease and increase are/have happened at the same time. secondly decreased and greater are not IIel to each other as opposed to decreased and increased.

am i right to assume this? can somebody explain?
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2012, 12:16
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tsheshraj wrote:
hi all,

i thought that the verb tenses decreased and increased were consistent in C which was another reason for me to select C. it means that both the decrease and increase are/have happened at the same time. secondly decreased and greater are not IIel to each other as opposed to decreased and increased.

am i right to assume this? can somebody explain?


Hi there,
If you notice carefully, “decreased” and “increased” are not verbs in this sentence. They are adjectives that are modifying nouns “availability” and “demand” respectively.
Now, the way this sentence has been written, we cannot say that the decrease in availability and increase in demand took place together. All we know is that platinum has decreased in availability and the demand for the metal has increased in research work.
You are correct in saying that “decreased availability” and “increased demand” are parallel.
Hope this helps.
Shraddha
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2012, 19:28
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a)Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold. Redundancy - remains and (is) consistently. Less and greater - awkward quantity indicators. Incorrect.
b)Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold. Less - awkward quantity indicator, does not pair with increased. New error introduced - of gold. Cost can be of gold, not expensive, which is a subjective form. Incorrect.
c)Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold. Decreased-increased pair. Like instead of like of. Removes errors in original and does not introduce new ones. Correct.
d)Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold. Demand here is due to an action, does not belong to that action. Incorrect.
e)Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold. Greater is back. That in like that is redundant. Incorrect.

Thanks for sharing. :)
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2013, 17:46
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sh00nya wrote:
will go with option C

demand FOR scientific research means that scientific research itself is what's desired which is incorrect in this context, we are talking about the demand for platinum in scientific research.
Correct. Though it is an idiomatic usage not to be used much on GMAT now a days, I think it will be useful to share.. :o
In any case, it boils down to understanding the idiomatic usage:
demand FOR X means that X itself is what's desired,
whereas
demand IN X means that something else is demanded to satisfy the interests of field/endeavor X
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific researc  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2015, 09:07
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Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

A. Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
'lesser' would have been parallel to 'greater'..'demand in research ' is better than demand for research' and 'consistently' is not required with 'remains', so incorrect

B. Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
'lesser' would have been parallel to 'greater'..'demand in research ' is better than demand for research'... wrong comparison 'that of' and 'consistently' is not required with 'remains', so incorrect

C. Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
correct.. decreased parallel to increased.. demand in research correct and consistently removed

D. Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
demand for research is wrong...

E. Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.
almost same problem as B..

ans C..
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