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Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage

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Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 05:42
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38% (01:45) correct 62% (01:48) wrong based on 255 sessions

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Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage scows dump medical refuse that may provide an explanation for the existence of unacceptable levels of pollution at several local beaches.

    A. Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage scows dump medical refuse that
    B. Oceangoing garbage scows dump medical refuse that is believed to have originated from local hospitals, and this
    C. Oceangoing garbage scows dump medical refuse, believed to have originated from local hospitals, that
    D. Originated, it is believed, from local hospitals, an oceangoing garbage scow dumps medical refuse and
    E. Originating, it is believed, from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage scows dump medical refuse and
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Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 07:13
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma generis GMATNinjaTwo

Why is (A) incorrect?

Is it because although Believed correctly modifies garbage, the modifier THAT here incorrectly modifies entire preceding clause
and we need parallelism as suggested better in (B) D and E are total mess since we need FANBOYS to connect two independent clauses.
C is out because of modifier issue. Coma + believed is incorrect.
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Re: Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2018, 10:56
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma generis GMATNinjaTwo

Why is (A) incorrect?

Is it because although Believed correctly modifies garbage, the modifier THAT here incorrectly modifies entire preceding clause
and we need parallelism as suggested better in (B) D and E are total mess since we need FANBOYS to connect two independent clauses.
C is out because of modifier issue. Coma + believed is incorrect.


A is incorrect due to a misplaced modifier. The closest noun to "believed to have originated from local hospitals" is scows. So A incorrectly implies that scows originated from local hospitals.
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Re: Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 04:41
I think all the answer choices are incorrect .I found B is wrong because it uses "this" to modify an action or an entire clause.Is it acceptable?
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Re: Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 05:42
adkikani wrote:
Why is (A) incorrect?

Is it because although Believed correctly modifies garbage, the modifier THAT here incorrectly modifies entire preceding clause
and we need parallelism as suggested better in (B) D and E are total mess since we need FANBOYS to connect two independent clauses.
C is out because of modifier issue. Coma + believed is incorrect.


Hey adkikani ,

'That' in A is actually used as an essential modifier, hence making a wrong meaning.

Moreover as abansal1805 mentioned, it has modifier issue as well.

techiesam wrote:
I think all the answer choices are incorrect .I found B is wrong because it uses "this" to modify an action or an entire clause.Is it acceptable?


Hey techiesam ,

I don't think there is any issue with option B. By using 'and this' , we are trying to convey the result of what happened in the previous clause.
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Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 05:57
abhimahna wrote:
adkikani wrote:
Why is (A) incorrect?

Is it because although Believed correctly modifies garbage, the modifier THAT here incorrectly modifies entire preceding clause
and we need parallelism as suggested better in (B) D and E are total mess since we need FANBOYS to connect two independent clauses.
C is out because of modifier issue. Coma + believed is incorrect.


Hey adkikani ,

'That' in A is actually used as an essential modifier, hence making a wrong meaning.

Moreover as abansal1805 mentioned, it has modifier issue as well.

techiesam wrote:
I think all the answer choices are incorrect .I found B is wrong because it uses "this" to modify an action or an entire clause.Is it acceptable?


Hey techiesam ,

I don't think there is any issue with option B. By using 'and this' , we are trying to convey the result of what happened in the previous clause.


But Manhattan GMAT says to avoid "this" kind of use of this.It says Finally, on the GMAT, do not use this or these in place of nouns. A sentence such as This is great is unacceptably vague to the GMAT. and this, like every pronoun, refers to some noun phrase, not to any clause.

According to Manhattan GMAT

Scientists have found high levels of iridium in certain geological formations around the world, AND THIS suggests the cataclysmic impact of a meteor millions of years ago.---The sentence is wrong.


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Re: Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2018, 07:30
techiesam I agree that the use of "this" in B is not very GMAT-like. However, there is no better answer. The sentence is clearly trying to convey that the whole situation may be responsible for the levels of pollution. It doesn't make sense to say that the refuse itself "provides an explanation," because we're trying to understand why that refuse/pollution is showing up on beaches, so we need to include the practice of dumping. B is not a very good answer, but the others are worse.
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Re: Believed to have originated from local hospitals, oceangoing garbage &nbs [#permalink] 30 Apr 2018, 07:30
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