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Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants

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Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Apr 2018, 04:32
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (01:21) correct 43% (01:29) wrong based on 134 sessions

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Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, elephants emit low-frequency sounds that may be used as a secret language to communicate with other members of the herd.

(A) Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, elephants emit low-frequency sounds that may be used
(B) Elephants emit low-frequency sounds that are believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, and they may use this
(C) Elephants emit low-frequency sounds, believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, that they may use
(D) Originating, it is believed, from a small area on their foreheads; elephants emit low-frequency sounds they may use
(E) Originating, it is believed, from a small area on their foreheads, low-frequency sounds are emitted by elephants that may be used

Originally posted by smritisingh8 on 11 Apr 2018, 03:41.
Last edited by abhimahna on 11 Apr 2018, 04:32, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question and added OA
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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 05:48
(A) Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, elephants emit low-frequency sounds that may be used - Modifier error. Believed to originate.... must modify low frequency sounds and not elephanths

(B) Elephants emit low-frequency sounds that are believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, and they may use this - We are not about the antecedent for 'this'

(C) Elephants emit low-frequency sounds, believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, that they may use - Correct.

(D) Originating, it is believed, from a small area on their foreheads; elephants emit low-frequency sounds they may use - Same error as A + ';' is incorrectly used to connect a dependent clause with independent clause

(E) Originating, it is believed, from a small area on their foreheads, low-frequency sounds are emitted by elephants that may be used - 'that' illogically refers to elephants

Answer: C
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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 05:57
My main doubt is that in option E, what does 'that' refer to.

Elephants or sounds?

Please help. Thank you.

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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 06:07
Ideally 'that' should refer to low frequency sounds. But, in option E 'that' is referring to elephants.

smritisingh8 wrote:
My main doubt is that in option E, what does 'that' refer to.

Elephants or sounds?

Please help. Thank you.

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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 03:05
Thanks Vaishak. That helps.

Is there some guideline or conceptual material also that you can recommend for this?

I generally get confused in these of, by, from phrases.

Thanks.
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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 21:09
Elephants emit low-frequency sounds, believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads, that they may use
please tell here "that" refers to foreheads or low frequency sound?
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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 21:53
“That” refers to the sounds in option E. There’s no valid reason to use “that” right after the word elephants In option E if wanted to refer to the elephants again.

Makes no sense to me.

On the other hand, among other reasons, I think D and E are not the best answers because of the sheer complexity of the sentences and the lack of brevity.


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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 21:55
divyeshdoshi wrote:
“That” refers to the sounds in option E. There’s no valid reason to use “that” right after the word elephants In option E if wanted to refer to the elephants again.

Makes no sense to me.

On the other hand, among other reasons, I think D and E are not the best answers because of the sheer complexity of the sentences and the lack of brevity.


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Hi D and E indeed wrong answer but in C if you notice 'that" refers to the forehead of elephant rather it should modify " Sounds".Are you satisfied with this? if so then can can you explain?
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Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 22:01
Tanmoy93 wrote:
divyeshdoshi wrote:
“That” refers to the sounds in option E. There’s no valid reason to use “that” right after the word elephants In option E if wanted to refer to the elephants again.

Makes no sense to me.

On the other hand, among other reasons, I think D and E are not the best answers because of the sheer complexity of the sentences and the lack of brevity.


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Hi D and E indeed wrong answer but in C if you notice 'that" refers to the forehead of elephant rather it should modify " Sounds".Are you satisfied with this? if so then can can you explain?


I understand your query. I’ll put my explanation this way :

Option A cannot be the answer because of SV disagreement.

Option B - towards the end of the sentence the word “this” indicates a singular noun but when the noun is plural “sounds” , “these” would have been more correct

Option C - Ignore the second clause and try to read the sentence without it. It’ll still make logical sense. Although I’m not entirely sure if that’s the right way to go about it.

Options D and E- look rubbish to me because of the way they’re drafted


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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 22:11
divyeshdoshi wrote:
Tanmoy93 wrote:
divyeshdoshi wrote:
“That” refers to the sounds in option E. There’s no valid reason to use “that” right after the word elephants In option E if wanted to refer to the elephants again.

Makes no sense to me.

On the other hand, among other reasons, I think D and E are not the best answers because of the sheer complexity of the sentences and the lack of brevity.


Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum

Hi D and E indeed wrong answer but in C if you notice 'that" refers to the forehead of elephant rather it should modify " Sounds".Are you satisfied with this? if so then can can you explain?


I understand your query. I’ll put my explanation this way :

Option A cannot be the answer because of SV disagreement.

Option B - towards the end of the sentence the word “this” indicates a singular noun but when the noun is plural “sounds” , “these” would have been more correct

Option C - Ignore the second clause and try to read the sentence without it. It’ll still make logical sense. Although I’m not entirely sure if that’s the right way to go about it.

Options D and E- look rubbish to me because of the way they’re drafted


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thank you so much. looks logical to me.
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Re: Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants &nbs [#permalink] 30 Aug 2018, 22:11
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Believed to originate from a small area on their foreheads elephants

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