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# Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie

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Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2013, 23:19
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:51) correct 41% (02:19) wrong based on 296 sessions

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Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalities per capita than is the neighboring province of Cheviraul. Nonetheless, the number of collisions per capita that result in whiplash injuries is less than half those per capita of neighboring Cheviraul. While such a finding implies that accidents occurring in Cheviraul are more likely to result in whiplash, there is another fact that should not be overlooked: unlike insurance providers in Cheviraul, those in Carvania do not pay premiums for automobile accident-related whiplash. Because many incidents of whiplash apparently go unreported in Carvania, the actual number of incidents of whiplash in Carvania may be equal to, if not more than, the number of whiplash incidents in Cheviraul.

In the argument given above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a claim that challenges the main conclusion; the second is the main conclusion.
B. The first is a judgment made by the argument about a certain explanation; the second is that explanation.
C. The first is an observation that calls into question an observed phenomenon; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
D. The first is a claim that the argument sets out to prove; the second limits the extent of this claim.
E. The first is an intermediate conclusion; the second is the primary conclusion.

Will post OA after few answers along with the explanations.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mba1382 on 28 Dec 2013, 08:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 04:10
1
KUDOS
Tough one.

Aside 2 choices the others are really close.

But if you look at the part in beetwen the bold part we have a finding or an observation that a phenomenon could be different.

I go with C

regards
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 07:11
I was able to eliminate B,D and E and was stuck between A and C.
Finally, I marked C.

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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 07:15
2
KUDOS
A. The first is a claim that challenges the main conclusion; the second is the main conclusion: incorrect. The first isn't a claim.
B. The first is a judgment made by the argument about a certain explanation; the second is that explanation: incorrect. The first isn't a judgment about the second. Moreover, the second isn't the explanation.
C. The first is an observation that calls into question an observed phenomenon; the second is the main conclusion of the argument. Correct. An observed phenomenon is whether accidents occurring in Cheviraul are more likely to result in whiplash.
D. The first is a claim that the argument sets out to prove; the second limits the extent of this claim. incorrect. The same as A. The first isn't a claim.
E. The first is an intermediate conclusion; the second is the primary conclusion. incorrect. The first isn't an intermediate conclusion.
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2014, 03:37
mba1382 wrote:
Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalities per capita than is the neighboring province of Cheviraul. Nonetheless, the number of collisions per capita that result in whiplash injuries is less than half those per capita of neighboring Cheviraul. While such a finding implies that accidents occurring in Cheviraul are more likely to result in whiplash, there is another fact that should not be overlooked: unlike insurance providers in Cheviraul, those in Carvania do not pay premiums for automobile accident-related whiplash. Because many incidents of whiplash apparently go unreported in Carvania, the actual number of incidents of whiplash in Carvania may be equal to, if not more than, the number of whiplash incidents in Cheviraul.

In the argument given above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a claim that challenges the main conclusion; the second is the main conclusion.
B. The first is a judgment made by the argument about a certain explanation; the second is that explanation.
C. The first is an observation that calls into question an observed phenomenon; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
D. The first is a claim that the argument sets out to prove; the second limits the extent of this claim.
E. The first is an intermediate conclusion; the second is the primary conclusion.

Will post OA after few answers along with the explanations.

First identify the main conclusion of the argument. "Because" is the premise indicator, so the sentence after the premise, MUST be the conclusion. Hence second boldface is the conclusion.

Based on this, we can eliminate D and E.
A - first boldface does NOT challenge the main conclusion - OUT
B - first bold face is not a judgement about the main conclusion - OUT.
C - correct.
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 23:41
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2016, 23:05
mba1382 wrote:
Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalities per capita than is the neighboring province of Cheviraul. Nonetheless, the number of collisions per capita that result in whiplash injuries is less than half those per capita of neighboring Cheviraul. While such a finding implies that accidents occurring in Cheviraul are more likely to result in whiplash, there is another fact that should not be overlooked: unlike insurance providers in Cheviraul, those in Carvania do not pay premiums for automobile accident-related whiplash. Because many incidents of whiplash apparently go unreported in Carvania, the actual number of incidents of whiplash in Carvania may be equal to, if not more than, the number of whiplash incidents in Cheviraul.

In the argument given above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a claim that challenges the main conclusion; the second is the main conclusion.
B. The first is a judgment made by the argument about a certain explanation; the second is that explanation.
C. The first is an observation that calls into question an observed phenomenon; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
D. The first is a claim that the argument sets out to prove; the second limits the extent of this claim.
E. The first is an intermediate conclusion; the second is the primary conclusion.

Will post OA after few answers along with the explanations.

A. The first is not a claim. It is not a subjective statement. So A is out
B. Again judgment becomes subjective which the statement is not. B is out.
C. Yes. The first boldface statement is an statistical observation that calls into question the previous observation made about per capita auto fatalities. Based on these two, the second boldface statement is the conclusion.
D. Again not a claim. D is out
E. The first is not a conclusion. It is like a precursor to a conclusion. E is out.
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2017, 15:12
1
KUDOS
the first one is definitely a premise/data point/fact.
just by looking at the role of the first statement, we can eliminate all but C.
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Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2017, 02:41
IMO C
Observed phenomenon is that Carvania has more no of automobile accidents than Cheviraul. We are then provided an observation a particular type of accidents that is surprising .We are given facts for this discrepancy of whiplash injuries that establishes why was this discrepancy there .
Last statement gives Conclusion of the argument .
Re: Carvania is known to have a greater number of auto fatalitie   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2017, 02:41
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