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Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed

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Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 19:43
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (01:08) correct 42% (01:17) wrong based on 140 sessions

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Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed a fear of rising government expenditure and continued use of financial aid packages will cause an irreversible financial downturn in Croatia.

A. many economists have expressed a fear of rising government expenditure and continued use of

B. many economists have expressed a fear that rising government expenditure and continued use of

C. many economists have expressed a fear that rising government expenditure and continually using

D. a fear that many economists have expressed is that rising government expenditure and continually using

E. a fear that many economists have expressed is that rising government expenditure and continual use of

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Re: Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 20:10
In my opinion, answer is B.

The sentence start with "citing...", it means that in the main clause, subject should be a person who cites growing national debts...
=> D and E are wrong.

Option A makes me confused because no clear S-V in the main clause. Option C wrote "rising government expenditure and continually using". It's not parallel.
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Re: Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 01:19
theres no difference in A & B but the use of 'that'. Please help me understand how does that change the correctness of the sentence
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Re: Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2017, 02:22
Can expert please explain what is the difference in using 'that' and not using 'that' in this question?
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Re: Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 10:15
aksh5900 wrote:
Can expert please explain what is the difference in using 'that' and not using 'that' in this question?

Just a friendly reminder to please please ALWAYS include your source when posting a new question! I have no idea where this question comes from, and it looks pretty suspect.

There's a decent answer to the question about "that" here, though! Consider the following:

  • Mike has a debilitating fear of clowns. --> "fear of" is (correctly) followed by a noun
  • Mike has a debilitating fear that a clown will steal his surfboard. --> "fear that" is (correctly) followed by a clause

The word "that" has a bunch of different uses in English (as described in detail here), and in this case, "that" is used to subordinate a clause. There's nothing inherently wrong with saying "fear of _____", but "fear of" needs to be followed by a noun only, and not an entire clause (i.e., a phrase with a subject and a verb). In this sentence, the fear is that "rising expenditures and use of aid packages will cause a downturn..." -- and that's an entire clause. So we need to use "fear that", and not "fear of" in this case.

But again, don't lose any sleep over this question, since it's likely not official, and we don't know where, exactly, it came from.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed &nbs [#permalink] 07 Nov 2017, 10:15
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Citing the growing national debt, many economists have expressed

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