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# Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"

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Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2019, 22:11
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Project SC Butler: Day 148: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

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Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2019, 22:13
1
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Project SC Butler: Day 148: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

Quote:
A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread
• a term cannot BE something other than itself
• a term is not a study [of certain kinds of acts]
• although it may be defensible in informal speech, the placement of deliberately after intended is not standard. For the most part, ghe phrase intended to spread is clearer when uninterrupted, and "deliberately" should modify "intended.")

Quote:
B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

• same problem as that in (A): a term cannot BE something such as study

Quote:
C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread

• a term does not involve (include, entail) "the study of" certain kinds of acts
A term describes or names something
• acts do not have deliberate intentions
I would not eliminate on this basis alone, but compared to E this part sounds nonsensical and long-winded.

Quote:
D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread

• this sentence is a train wreck
• a referral means "the act of directing someone to a different place or person for information, help, or action, often to a person or group with more knowledge or power" See Cambridge Dictionary Online, HERE
• this sentence is babble. It should not catch native speakers off guard. Although referral may seem similar to refer, it is not.
• acts do not have a deliberate intention to spread anything. Acts can't think. (No mens rea. Google it. )
• if you're not sure whether you like the argument that "inanimate objects cannot intend to do anything," simply compare phrasing in D with that in E
D) that have the deliberate intention to spread

By the time you take the GMAT, it should be clear, quickly, that E is superior. E is clearer and more concise than D.

Quote:
E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

• finally we have the correct verb (refers) and a concisely written sentence

EpilepticLearner , I said this on the other topic thread, but I like creating little communities out of strangers from all over the world, so: welcome to SC Butler.

kunaldutt15 , welcome to SC Butler.

Both of you wrote very good posts.

I am pleased to see that people caught the meaning error and more importantly, compared other options to option (E).
Comparing is a really good strategy.

bartk , your post made me laugh. Your tone is funny and I like your . . . well, the bot thing that seems to be doing the "who knows" gesture.
(Did you memorize all those symbols and their order? Or do you have a cheat sheet?)
Speaking of bots, Xylan You sorta blew up Google? Would you do so again, permanently? (I have an unnatural fear of Google. I'll get to your post. It's finally the weekend.)

People who explained did a really good job. I am pleased. Those people get kudos. Happy kudos, and have a great weekend.
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Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 08 Aug 2019, 02:07
1
I believe the answer is E

Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread
--> A "term" is a word, not its meaning.

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread
--> Same as A

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread
--> Same as A but with "involves". Although I wasn't 100% confident to eliminate the sentence on that basis. "Having" makes the sentence even more awkward and confirmed my doubt. C stands no chance in comparison to E.

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread
--> same as A

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread
--> Gorgeous. refer expresses the intended meaning.

Originally posted by EpilepticLearner on 07 Aug 2019, 23:07.
Last edited by EpilepticLearner on 08 Aug 2019, 02:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2019, 23:22
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 148: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread - acts having... incorrect

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread -- wrong use of the word referral

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

E
A, B seem to say the term is the study... instead of the term means the study of...
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 02:58
Imo E
The term refers...

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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 03:54
1
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 148: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

Sentence Structure:
Subject - Verb
Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor,
the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

Issues:
the term "agnotology" is the study of ... OR agnotology is the study of ...
Clearly, agnotology is the study, NOT the term because the term is a noun ---mapped to---> agnotology.
A, B, C and D Meaning issue: Improper usage of the term with study

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread
Meaning issue: Improper usage of the term with study

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread
Meaning issue: Improper usage of the term with study

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread
Meaning issue: Improper usage of the term with study
The term "agnotology" involves. Nope. C is STILL inferior to E

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread
Meaning issue: Improper usage of the term with study
With each passing word, D loses relevance and concision.

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread
Nice and easy. E is the champ!

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Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 04:07
1
In (A) and (B) we have a choice between "intended deliberately" and "deliberately intended". I'm not sure which one is correct (probably both are grammatically OK) and if you're also confused, let's look for something else.

"The term agnotology is the study..." - Well, is it? The TERM is not a study, agnotology is. Since we have a definite problem with the subject of the sentence, we can cross off both (A) and (B). One shot, two kills.

Quote:
C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread

(C) is just a wordy and awkward way to convey the intended meaning (you'll see we have a better option in a moment). "The term involves..." also raises my objection. Maybe it's more acceptable when we talk about mathematics, but here...¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Also it's not clear as in (E) what the phrase "having the deliberate intention to spread " wants to modify. "Study" or "acts"?

Quote:
D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread

Is the term the referral of the study? Well, maybe it makes sense, maybe not. But why not just simply say that it refers to the study as in (E) and avoid that ambiguity? (E) is short and concise and definitely better than (D).
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 04:12
Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread- correct answer, when we speak about terms it refers to smth
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 08:55
1
This is a clear 3/2 split in the answer choices. Depending on the meaning & context of the sentence, "the term "agnotology"" is not the study, "agnotology" is the study - We can discard A, B & D directly.

So option C & E are remaining.

"involves" & "refers" are the main verbs to split between these 2 options.

Clearly E is the better choice.
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 10:42
1
Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread - "the term" cannot be the study of acts. (incorrect)

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread - same as A. (incorrect)

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread - similar to A and B. "The term" cannot involve the study of...(incorrect)

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread too wordy. (incorrect)

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread Correct.
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2019, 20:58
1
The correct answer is E. The options A and B wrongly refer the 'term' subject to the verb 'is'. If we use 'the term is', then 'the term is' must be followed by 'defined as'.
Options C has the problem of the term involves. The term doesn't involve, how can a word involve so many things??
Option D says the term is a referral, which is wrong.
The problem in the option D gets solved in option E in which it says the term refers.
The rest of the sentence is apt and concise.
So, the answer is option E.

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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2019, 18:39
1
IMO E

Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor, the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favor.

A) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts intended deliberately to spread
the term is not the study

B) the term "agnotology" is the study of acts deliberately intended to spread
the term is not the study

C) the term "agnotology" involves the study of acts having the deliberate intention to spread
the term does not involve the study. the term refers to the study

D) the term "agnotology" is the referral of the study of acts that have the deliberate intention to spread
the term is not the study

E) the term "agnotology" refers to the study of acts deliberately intended to spread
COrrect - the term refers to the study
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Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2019, 20:32
I have posted the official explanation HERE
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Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2019, 05:48
The correct answer is E. Super Question generis. SC Butler is very helpful for preparation
Re: Coined by historian of science Robert Proctor the term "agnotology"   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2019, 05:48
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