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Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have be

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Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have be  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 05:07
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Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have been banned for use in the United States for nearly 30 years, are still manufactured there and exported to other countries. In addition to jeopardizing the health of people in these countries, this practice greatly increases the health risk to U.S. consumers, for these pesticides are often used on agricultural products imported into the United States.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the columnist’s argument?


(A) Trace amounts of some of the pesticides banned for use in the United States can be detected in the soil where they were used 30 years ago

(B) Most of the pesticides that are manufactures in the United States and exported are not among those banned for use in the United States

(C) The United States is not the only country that manufactures and exports the pesticides that are banned for use in the United States

(D) The banned pesticides pose a greater risk to people in the countries in which they are used than to U.S. consumers

(E) There are many pesticides that are banned for use in other countries that are not banned for use in the United States

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Re: Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have be  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 01:16
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nightblade354 wrote:
Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have been banned for use in the United States for nearly 30 years, are still manufactured there and exported to other countries. In addition to jeopardizing the health of people in these countries, this practice greatly increases the health risk to U.S. consumers, for these pesticides are often used on agricultural products imported into the United States.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the columnist’s argument?


(A) Trace amounts of some of the pesticides banned for use in the United States can be detected in the soil where they were used 30 years ago

(B) Most of the pesticides that are manufactures in the United States and exported are not among those banned for use in the United States

(C) The United States is not the only country that manufactures and exports the pesticides that are banned for use in the United States

(D) The banned pesticides pose a greater risk to people in the countries in which they are used than to U.S. consumers

(E) There are many pesticides that are banned for use in other countries that are not banned for use in the United States

Source: LSAT


Certain banned pesticides are manufactured and exported.
This practice increases health risk to US consumers (in addition to health risk to people of other countries) because imported products have these pesticides.

We need to weaken the argument. We need to say why this practice may not be responsible for the health risks.


(A) Trace amounts of some of the pesticides banned for use in the United States can be detected in the soil where they were used 30 years ago

Irrelevant. We are talking about the imported products carrying some of these pesticides. US soil still containing trace amounts is irrelevant.

(B) Most of the pesticides that are manufactures in the United States and exported are not among those banned for use in the United States

Most pesticides exported are not the banned ones but some are. These banned ones are found on imported products. We need to say why this practice of exporting some banned pesticides may not be responsible for health risks.

(C) The United States is not the only country that manufactures and exports the pesticides that are banned for use in the United States

This says that other countries also manufacture and export these pesticides. So it is possible that the pesticide we find on imported products in US are the ones manufactured by other countries. Hence it is possible that this practice may not be responsible for the health risk faced by US. Perhaps the same practice practiced by other countries is responsible for the health risk in US. Hence it weakens the argument (as sinister as it may be!).

(D) The banned pesticides pose a greater risk to people in the countries in which they are used than to U.S. consumers

Irrelevant. The point is whether this practice of manufacturing and exporting pesticides poses a health risk. Who is at greater risk is not relevant.

(E) There are many pesticides that are banned for use in other countries that are not banned for use in the United States.

Other pesticides are irrelevant.

Answer (C)
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Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have be  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 05:27
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Conclusion = this practice greatly increases the health risk to U.S. consumers, for these pesticides are often used on agricultural products imported into the United States.
We want to Weaken this Conclusion.

(A) Trace amounts of some of the pesticides banned for use in the United States can be detected in the soil where they were used 30 years ago. Immediately eliminate, this is OOS and irrelevant to the conclusion.

(B) Most of the pesticides that are manufactured in the United States and exported are not among those banned for use in the United States. This could be tempting that it says most that are manufactured in the U.S. are not the ones that are banned, but we want to weaken the conclusion that the pesticides that are banned in the U.S. are a health risk to American consumers. Eliminate.

(C) The United States is not the only country that manufactures and exports the pesticides that are banned for use in the United States. Correct. This implies that U.S. imports have pesticides that are banned in the U.S. whether the pesticides are manufactured by U.S. companies OR other countries. This weakens the conclusion that the U.S. manufactured pesticides increase the health risk to U.S. consumers.

(D) The banned pesticides pose a greater risk to people in the countries in which they are used than to U.S. consumers. Tempting, but we are not concerned with the risk of those in other countries. The conclusion we want to weaken is the increase in health to U.S. consumers.

(E) There are many pesticides that are banned for use in other countries that are not banned for use in the United States. Irrelevant. We are concerned with the American manufactured pesticides.
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Columnist: There are certain pesticides that, even though they have be   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2018, 05:27
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