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# Comparison Question

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10 Nov 2011, 03:40
An exceptionally literate people, more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of any other nation.
A. more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of
B. more Icelandic books are published by Icelanders per capita than by the people of
C. Icelanders publish more books per capita than do the people of
D. Iceland’s per capita publication of books is higher than that by
E. the per capita publication of Icelandic books is higher than that in

Experts please explain why option A is wrong?
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Updated on: 10 Nov 2011, 06:08
.
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Originally posted by hoogly on 10 Nov 2011, 06:06.
Last edited by hoogly on 10 Nov 2011, 06:08, edited 1 time in total.
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10 Nov 2011, 06:07
5
sungoal wrote:
An exceptionally literate people, more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of any other nation.
A. more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of
B. more Icelandic books are published by Icelanders per capita than by the people of
C. Icelanders publish more books per capita than do the people of
D. Iceland’s per capita publication of books is higher than that by
E. the per capita publication of Icelandic books is higher than that in

Experts please explain why option A is wrong?

1. Understanding the meaning of the sentence :
The sentence compares the number of books published per capita (or per person) by Icelanders with the number of books published per capita in any other country.

2. Spot the errors in sentence:
We have a noun pharse " An exceptionally literate people " . This is a noun phrase and also a modifier. There is no error in the modifier of the original sentence, but we are only identifying it as it might be handy to eliminate some choices as we see later.

"An exceptionally literate people, more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of any other nation."
Number of Icelanders (as indicated by the expression - more Icelanders) is being compared to the action of people of other nations (as indicated by the expression – than do people of any other nation).
Two entities being compared should be grammatically and logically parallel.
Per the intended meaning of the sentence (note that we inferred the meaning of the sentence in meaning analysis above: we need to compare the number of books published per capita by Icelanders with the number of books published per capita by any other nation. Hence we can immediately eliminate option A based on this error analysis.

3. Process of elimination.

A. more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of
Based on Error Analysis we did above in step 2, we can eliminate A.[/u][/b]

B. more Icelandic books are published by Icelanders per capita than by the people of
Distorsts the meaning . It indicates that icelandic books are published by people of other nations as well. So B is eliminated.

C. Icelanders publish more books per capita than do the people of
Here the comparison is clear - compares number of books published per capita.. Parallelism in Comparison is maintained . The phrase "An exceptionally literate people" righly modifies the noun Icelanders and placed close to it. Hence Modifier is correctly expressed. Keep it aside.

D. Iceland’s per capita publication of books is higher than that by
The phrase "An exceptionally literate people" ( or any other modifier ) cannot modify a possessive noun. Also “that” refers to Iceland’s per capita publication of books. This leads to illogical comparison..So D is eliminated.

E. the per capita publication of Icelandic books is higher than that in
Not correct – see this choice has multiple errors.
1: modifier error – modifier “an exceptionally literate people” modifies per capita publication. This is incorrect.
2: comparison – it makes the following comparison
Per capita publication of Icelandic books is higher than (that) the per capita publication of Icelandic books in other nations.
This is not a valid and logical comparison. . So E is eliminated.

IMHO C is the Right Answer. A special Thanks to Payal of E-gmat, who corrected my reasoning for the wrong choices. So nice of her, and I updated my explanations of wrong choices to reflect the changes she suggested.
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16 Jun 2013, 12:08
Can someone please explain this ...
Why C and not A?
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16 Jun 2013, 12:22
ankurgupta03 wrote:
Can someone please explain this ...
Why C and not A?

An exceptionally literate people, more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of any other nation.

There are two resons to eliminate A: first one is the position of "More"

A. more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of
C. Icelanders publish more books per capita than do the people of

"more" should refer to the number of books, hence it should be placed near the noun it refers: it makes no sense to say "more Icelanders publish books per capita"(please note that here more refers to Icelanders, not to books)

The second reason is in the phrase "An exceptionally literate people", who is an exce. literate people?
Since this phrase refers to Icelanders (and not to "more Icelanders") the noun itelf should follow the comma.
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10 Jul 2013, 01:43
Why the answer C put "do" in front of "the people of"? Is it right to put "do" at the end of the sentence, or to have no "do" at all?
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10 Jul 2013, 09:04
Somehow I got this question right , and great explanation above..

Pardon my stupid question but isn't "An exceptionally literate people " - This phrase doesn't sound right to me.

Either an exceptionally literate person or The exceptionally literate people

Please correct me where I m wrong ?
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12 Aug 2017, 17:17
A: An exceptionally literate people, more Icelanders publish books per capita than do the people of any other nation.

Error 1:
In A, “an exceptionally literate people” serves to modify “more Icelanders”.
The implication is that MORE ICELANDERS constitute A PEOPLE.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Whereas “more Icelanders” refers to a NUMBER of Icelanders (10 Icelanders, 100 Icelanders, etc.), “a people” refers to an ENTIRE NATION.
Thus, A implies that a NUMBER of Icelanders constitute an ENTIRE NATION.
Not the intended meaning.

Error 2:
“books PER CAPITA” means (total number of books)/(total population).
This phrase cannot serve to refer to “more Icelanders”, which -- as noted above -- implies a NUMBER of Icelanders.
Rather, “per capita” must refer to the entire NATION of Icelanders, as in the OA:
“Icelanders publish more books per capita”.
Here, Icelanders refers to the entire population.

Error 3:
“More Icelanders publish...than do the people of any other nation”.
This comparison is illogical.
Whereas “more Icelanders” refers to a NUMBER of Icelanders, “the people” refers to an entire NATION of people.
A NUMBER cannot be compared to a NATION.

Hence C is best answer choice here.
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Re: Comparison Question   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2017, 17:17
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# Comparison Question

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