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# CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15

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Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 808
CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 14:41
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I quite liked this one

Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to
ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and
unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing
the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment
over the next five years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints
and plastics.
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing
them.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew
processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in
Kernland off their land and into the cities.

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Director
Joined: 23 May 2008
Posts: 739
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 15:00
botirvoy wrote:
I quite liked this one

Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to
ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and
unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing
the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment
over the next five years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints
and plastics. strengthens
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants. irrelevant to kernland
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing
them. they are trying to reduce urban unemployent
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew
processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices. this allows farmers in kernland to sell internationally and at the same time the low world market priced cashews are coming into the urban ares to be processed, thus creating urban jobs
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in
Kernland off their land and into the cities. strengthens

D
Intern
Joined: 11 Jul 2008
Posts: 36
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 15:33
botirvoy wrote:
I quite liked this one

Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to
ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and
unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing
the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment
over the next five years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints
and plastics. Out of scope
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants. Out of scope
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing
them. the Gov goal is to reduce urban unemployment and not ALL unempl.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew
processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in
Kernland off their land and into the cities. Correct, Tariffs push low profits to small farmers that move to city, hence increase unemployment in urban are. Therefore, if Gov lift tarif farmers may stay in rural areas.

IMO E, see the explanation above.
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1328
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 15:55
botirvoy wrote:
I quite liked this one

Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to
ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and
unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing
the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment
over the next five years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints
and plastics.
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing
them.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew
processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in
Kernland off their land and into the cities.

We need to find some thing that says removing tariff will not hamper government's efforts to reduce unemployment.

If E were true and given that cashew is a profitable crop (Hint: now cashew is sold at prices lower than world market), farmers will not leave their land and raise cashew. efforts to curtail urban unemployment is not hampered.
VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1176
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 18:23
E is my choice.Due to lack of profit, farners are forced 2 sell land and move to urban areas. this is increasing problem of urban unemployment.If farmers could profit by growing cashews, they wnt sell land and move to urban areas.Hence this will reduce urban unemployment.
botirvoy wrote:
I quite liked this one

Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to
ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and
unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews
. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing
the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment
over the next five years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints
and plastics.
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing
them.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew
processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in
Kernland off their land and into the cities
.
Intern
Joined: 28 Oct 2008
Posts: 45
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 19:38
Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to
ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and
unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing
the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment
over the next five years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

Summary of the stimulus: Tariffs are exports of cashews are high enough to ensure that they are grown for domestic processing. Tariffs also help aid the government by trying to reduce urban unemployment.

A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints
and plastics.
Out of scope. By products do not do anything to the argument.
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
Out of scope. Subsidize?
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing
them.
We're not making any comparisons here.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew
processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
We're not talking about "buying" unprocessed cashews and how this affects their domestic sales price. Higher sales price doesn't necessarily mean higher profits.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in
Kernland off their land and into the cities.
Stimulus: Tariff causes cashews to be sold to domestic processors & aid in reducing urban unemployment. This answer choices states that Tariffs do not cause a reduction in urban unemployment because of the lack of profitability. This essentially gives a same cause (tariffs) without the same effect (no reduction in unemployment).
Director
Joined: 23 May 2008
Posts: 739
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2008, 22:59
you guys are right, E clearly weakens. I over thought D and under thought E
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 808
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2008, 00:11
Thanks for explanations! OA E
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 269
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2008, 13:12
this was a good one !

indeed E

i was about to mark C ... but then drilled to E
VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1474
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2008, 00:08
Another E.
Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2008
Posts: 180
Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2008, 12:35
IMO E as well

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

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Re: CR: GMAT Set 30 - 15 &nbs [#permalink] 11 Nov 2008, 12:35
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