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# CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors

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EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 479
CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 28 May 2015, 23:13
1
3
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (02:08) correct 36% (02:33) wrong based on 435 sessions

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CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors

Recently, automobile collectors have been especially interested in 1960s, and early 1970s American muscle cars, and particularly those from 1969, and 1970. This clear preference highlights a certain shift in taste on the part of many serious collectors to favor particularly rare models that were iconic when new.

Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the observed shift in taste described above?

Ⓐ During the 1980s, a similar shift occurred within the classic car collector market wherein American muscle cars from the 1960s and 1970s were highly coveted.

Ⓑ As time has passed, a growing and substantial proportion of serious automobile collectors are those who were exposed to late 1960’s and 1970s American muscle cars as young adults.

Ⓒ Recently, the collector automobile market in general has undergone an unprecedented surge in popularity.

Ⓓ During the 1960s and 1970s, the prices of American muscle cars often exceeded the prices of other cars that are currently popular among collectors.

Ⓔ American muscle cars of the late 1960s and early 1970s started to garner significant interest by serious collectors over two decades ago.

48 Hour Window Answer & Explanation Window
Earn KUDOS! Post your reasoning why the answer you chose is correct, and why the other 4 options are incorrect within 48 hours of this post.
OA, and explanation will be posted after 48 hour window closes.

Scroll Down For Official Explanation

◀ STRENGTHEN QUESTION SERIES Question 1 Several Energy Alternative Programs

▶ STRENGTHEN QUESTION SERIES Question 3 Offshore Oil Drilling

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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 26 May 2015, 21:36.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 28 May 2015, 23:13, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors  [#permalink]

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27 May 2015, 17:59
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Premises: Recently, automobile collectors have been especially interested in 1960s, and early 1970s American muscle cars, and particularly those from 1969, and 1970.
Conclusion: This clear preference highlights a certain shift in taste on the part of many serious collectors to favor particularly rare models that were iconic when new.

In order to strengthen the conclusion, we need to find evidence/further proof for the fact that serious collectors are buying these cars for their 'rare' and 'iconic when new' characteristics. This is important as only people who were present during 1969 and 1970 would have known about 'iconic' nature of something new for these 2 years. Choice B presents that additional bit of information to strengthen the conclusion.

Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the observed shift in taste described above?

Ⓐ During the 1980s, a similar shift occurred within the classic car collector market wherein American muscle cars from the 1960s and 1970s were highly coveted.
Incorrect. This is incorrect as this option does not provide any reason to believe the conclusion above.

Ⓑ As time has passed, a growing and substantial proportion of serious automobile collectors are those who were exposed to late 1960’s and 1970s American muscle cars as young adults.
Correct as discussed in pre-thinking process above.

Ⓒ Recently, the collector automobile market in general has undergone an unprecedented surge in popularity.
Incorrect. Recent trends do not have any bearing on the conclusion.

Ⓓ During the 1960s and 1970s, the prices of American muscle cars often exceeded the prices of other cars that are currently popular among collectors.
Incorrect. Price of the cars in 60s and 70s is irrelevant.

Ⓔ American muscle cars of the late 1960s and early 1970s started to garner significant interest by serious collectors over two decades ago.
Incorrect. Interest started 2 decades ago does not provide enough support for the conclusion mentioned above.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
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CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors  [#permalink]

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28 May 2015, 22:11
CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors

Recently, automobile collectors have been especially interested in 1960s, and early 1970s American muscle cars, and particularly those from 1969, and 1970. This clear preference highlights a certain shift in taste on the part of many serious collectors to favor particularly rare models that were iconic when new.

Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the observed shift in taste described above?

Ⓐ During the 1980s, a similar shift occurred within the classic car collector market wherein American muscle cars from the 1960s and 1970s were highly coveted.

Ⓑ As time has passed, a growing and substantial proportion of serious automobile collectors are those who were exposed to late 1960’s and 1970s American muscle cars as young adults.

Ⓒ Recently, the collector automobile market in general has undergone an unprecedented surge in popularity.

Ⓓ During the 1960s and 1970s, the prices of American muscle cars often exceeded the prices of other cars that are currently popular among collectors.

Ⓔ American muscle cars of the late 1960s and early 1970s started to garner significant interest by serious collectors over two decades ago.

Official Explanation:
Question Type: Strengthen
Boil It Down (Simplified & Abbreviated Summary of the Prompt): Shift in taste -> Surge in iconic muscle car interest
Missing Information (assumption): Proof of causality. A shift in taste is what caused the surge in interest for iconic muscle cars
Goal: Look for an option that reinforces the idea there is a shift in taste in the marketplace

Ⓐ Irrelevant. Other shifts in taste are outside of the argument's logical focus. Whether there were OTHER similar shifts in taste in the past has no logical strengthening effect on an argument about THIS shift.

Ⓑ Yes! This option provides evidence of an evolving marketplace that would have a reason to favor American muscle cars: there has been an apparent generational shift in the market. If a growing and SUBSTANTIAL proportion of the collector marketplace were exposed to American muscle cars as young adults, it would provide logical force to the idea that there is indeed a shift in taste in the market as a whole. Now, is this a slam dunk case for the argument though? No, but we’re not asked to PROVE the observation, but rather we’re asked to select the option that provides the best SUPPORT for the claim that that a shift in taste is responsible. This option does exactly that.

Ⓒ Irrelevant. This option offers no support to the claim that a shift in taste is responsible for the boost in American muscle car popularity. Whether the entire market is increasing, decreasing, or remains the same size doesn’t impact the fact that there is a documented boost in popularity in favor of American muscle cars.

Ⓓ Irrelevant. The pricing of the cars WHEN THEY WERE NEW has absolutely no relevance to the collector automobile market TODAY. American muscle cars could have been twice the price of other cars when new, and that wouldn’t reinforce why there would be a recent shift in taste in favor of American muscle cars today.

Ⓔ Also irrelevant. Precisely when the shift in taste began in no way backs up the that claim that the cause behind the shift is a CHANGE IN TASTE on the part of the marketplace. We don't need support that the shift has happen. That's a documented fact. We need support that a change in marketplace taste is responsible for the shift, and that's exactly what option B does.

There’s a good GMAT CR lesson here. In official GMAT Strengthen or Weaken questions, sometimes the right option does not deliver a decisive piece of information, but rather in the case of a Strengthen question, something that lends support to the claim rather than a smoking gun.

The Kurion question in the 2015 GMAT Official Guide is a good example of that (excavation-of-the-ancient-city-of-kourion-on-the-island-of-79679.html). With the correct option, just because the same year that the earthquake occurred appears to be the point at which these coins were minted doesn’t definitively prove that the earthquake brought about the end of the city, but it definitively provides the most compelling supporting for the argument.

◀ STRENGTHEN QUESTION SERIES Question 1 Several Energy Alternative Programs

▶ STRENGTHEN QUESTION SERIES Question 3 Offshore Oil Drilling
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Re: CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors  [#permalink]

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30 May 2015, 03:38
I am still confused as to why D is wrong. Wouldn't a high price a good enough reason to make a car rare (high price generally means low volume) and iconic?

If you are to rule this option out using a certain logic it would then apply to rule out B too.

Help?
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Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 479
Re: CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors  [#permalink]

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30 May 2015, 08:25
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anilisanil wrote:
I am still confused as to why D is wrong. Wouldn't a high price a good enough reason to make a car rare (high price generally means low volume) and iconic?

If you are to rule this option out using a certain logic it would then apply to rule out B too.

Help?

Hi anilisanil,

Happy to help. Here's the massive problem with D:
During the 1960s and 1970s, the prices of American muscle cars often exceeded the prices of other cars that are currently popular among collectors.

It tells us that the prices for American muscle cars in the 1960s and 1970s was higher THEN, but what time-frame is the trend in the argument? Recent. So now, how would the original prices of the cars have any impact on the prices now, or why there would have been a shift in favor of those cars now in the collector automobile market? Specifically, there is no logical connection because the prices of American muscle cars and all other cars could have fluctuated so much since then. Cars can depreciate, and never gain value, or appreciate again. There's just no automatic way to know how the original pricing relates to future trends.

Bigger GMAT CR picture: GMAC intentionally engineers GMAT questions to measure our ability to catch subtle details in the options that makes them definitively wrong. Here in D, this classic shift is an exact example of that test-writer's technique.

Approach the options looking to eliminate them rather than just looking for the right option, AND intentionally scrutinize looking changes in logical focus. Here in D we see a time-shift to an irrelevant period. Another popular shift in focus in incorrect options is cite logically irrelevant groups or examples.
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Re: CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2016, 17:14
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Re: CR Strengthen Series: 2) Automobile Collectors   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2016, 17:14
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