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QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 1: Sentence Correction


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Critical-thinking instruction is predicated on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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I always like to start with the most straightforward, mechanical stuff -- and in this case, the word "and" jumps off the page at me. Looks like a nice parallelism issue.

Quote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize...


So here we have the first assumption, written in a "that + clause" format. Great, so we'll need a similar format -- "that + clause" -- after the "and" to complete the parallel structure.

Quote:
A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they


Unlike (D) and (E), none of these three options begin with "that + clause", so we can eliminate (A), (B), and (C). Plus, (A) is illogical: it seems to be telling us that the students are recognized and applied.

And for whatever it's worth, I'm not crazy about the pronouns in (C), either: "them" and "they" are right next to each other, but refer to different antecedents. That's not the end of the world, but it's not ideal.

On to (D) and (E):

Quote:
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


(D) has exactly the same meaning issue as (A): if we think about (D) strictly and literally, it seems to be saying that students are "recognized and applied", and that doesn't make sense.

So I hope you like (E)! The parallelism is solid, and (E) also fixes the pronoun issue that we saw in (C): "them" has been replaced with "these skills", and that makes the sentence a little bit cleaner.
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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Is there a typo. "and" should be excluded from the underlined part.


IMO: E
To maintain parallelism:
Two assumptions: that X and that Y.
E is more elegant between D and E since it clearly shows that if skills are applied then outcome.
Also, construction: If <present>, then <future> is correct in E

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: 1)that blah blah , and 2) that blah blah ...

Only two options follows this style.

Out of the two, in D it is unclear who recognizes and what is being recognized.

Left with
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E
which conveys the meaning very clealry
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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Statement: that .......... and that .......

only E follows this construction

X and Y need to be parallel

in Option D

if students recognised?
recognised what? , there is a slight ambiguity and E fixes the ambiguity


E

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 02:18
Can anyone predict the level of this question?

I feel it is a Sub 600 level question

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 09:51
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

how do we rule out that 'they' after comma doesn't refer to skills? we may say due to meaning. However, I always find it difficult to make such decisions when it comes to pick between meaning of a sentence and a rule. Could any expert please help how do we approach such scenarios with examples.Please!

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ManSab wrote:
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

how do we rule out that 'they' after comma doesn't refer to skills? we may say due to meaning. However, I always find it difficult to make such decisions when it comes to pick between meaning of a sentence and a rule. Could any expert please help how do we approach such scenarios with examples.Please!

Hi ManSab, you are right. Technically speaking, they is an ambiguous pronoun, since it has two eligible antecedents: students and skills.

In such cases, the pronoun subject (in this case they) can be presumed to refer to noun subject (in this case students) of another clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the usage of ambiguous pronouns, its application and examples in significant detail. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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Hi Ashish.. thanks much!
with your 3-step ambiguous pronoun framework, choice E makes perfect sense.
1- 'They' refers to subject pronoun 'students'.
2- 'They' logically refers to 'students'.
3- Structural and logical pronoun are same - usage of pronoun 'they' is correct.

I am now going to find some difficult examples on this subject...

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 10:41
GMATNinja wrote:
I always like to start with the most straightforward, mechanical stuff -- and in this case, the word "and" jumps off the page at me. Looks like a nice parallelism issue.

Quote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize...


So here we have the first assumption, written in a "that + clause" format. Great, so we'll need a similar format -- "that + clause" -- after the "and" to complete the parallel structure.

Quote:
A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they


Unlike (D) and (E), none of these three options begin with "that + clause", so we can eliminate (A), (B), and (C). Plus, (A) is illogical: it seems to be telling us that the students are recognized and applied.

And for whatever it's worth, I'm not crazy about the pronouns in (C), either: "them" and "they" are right next to each other, but refer to different antecedents. That's not the end of the world, but it's not ideal.

On to (D) and (E):

Quote:
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


(D) has exactly the same meaning issue as (A): if we think about (D) strictly and literally, it seems to be saying that students are "recognized and applied", and that doesn't make sense.

So I hope you like (E)! The parallelism is solid, and (E) also fixes the pronoun issue that we saw in (C): "them" has been replaced with "these skills", and that makes the sentence a little bit cleaner.


Hi Gmatninja,
My reasons for elimination of options A through C are in line with yours (due to parallelism issue.)
I selected E for a different reason in first reading. Usage of pronoun makes language subtle than repetition of noun. I have an interesting take on option D though. Are recognized and applied verb-ed modifiers which modify students? I didn't catch meaning error that skills needed to be recognized and applied until I read your post.
As a rule, verb-ed modifier modifies immediate noun placed next, irrespective of placement of coma. Am I correct?
WR,
Arpit
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D. that if recognized and applied, students

D's main problem arises from a dangling modification. As such in D, the modifier, if recognized and applied, modifies the students, which is absurd. The genuine modified noun 'skills' is totally absent in the complex sentence. We have to bring the truly modified noun from outside. Therefore, D is defective in grammar.

Coming to E's supposed ambiguity, there is a simple rule of replacement to ascertain the true pronoun reference whether skills or students.

E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they will become better thinkers


1. that if students recognize and apply these skills, (they) skills will become better thinkers.
2. that if students recognize and apply these skills, (they) students will become better thinkers.
Now it might be clear which the genuine referent of 'they' is. In matters of pronoun reference, logic is the Supreme Court.
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 02:21
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students --> what recognized and applied?
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 07:24
Imo E
Here we have to maintain parallelism between the highlighted part
that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.
E rightly does that
that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
But still i am not 100% confident about my knowledge of that in SC .
Can someone explain in detail uses of that.
Thanks in advance
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 23:00
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students - Parallelism issue - we need that after and
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students - Parallelism issue - we need that after and
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they - Parallelism issue - we need that after and
D. that if recognized and applied, students - illogical meaning - it suggests that that students are "recognized and applied", and that doesn't make sense.
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they - correct

Answer E
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New post 23 Jul 2017, 20:40
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
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QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 18:29
souvik101990

The original posted question has a typo

please correct

Critical thinking assumption is predicated on two assumptions

Secondly it appeared in Exam pack 2, you may like to change the tag.

Thanks

Last edited by sahilmalhotra01 on 03 Sep 2017, 00:00, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 08:53
Critical-thinking instruction is predicated on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
2 predication : That X & That Y ; parallelism issue - Incorrect
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
Same as A : Incorrect
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
Same as A : Incorrect
D. that if recognized and applied, students
If (past tense) , Then (past tense or would) : Incorrect
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
correct structure "2 predication : That X & That Y" & correct if..then construction - Correct

Experts pls. comment

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 08:55
Critical-thinking instruction is predicated on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
2 predication : That X & That Y ; parallelism issue - Incorrect
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
Same as A : Incorrect
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
Same as A : Incorrect
D. that if recognized and applied, students
If (past tense) , Then (past tense or would) : Incorrect
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
correct structure "2 predication : That X & That Y" & correct if..then construction - Correct

Experts pls. comment

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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 00:24
GMATNinja wrote:
I always like to start with the most straightforward, mechanical stuff -- and in this case, the word "and" jumps off the page at me. Looks like a nice parallelism issue.

Quote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize...


So here we have the first assumption, written in a "that + clause" format. Great, so we'll need a similar format -- "that + clause" -- after the "and" to complete the parallel structure.

Quote:
A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they


Unlike (D) and (E), none of these three options begin with "that + clause", so we can eliminate (A), (B), and (C). Plus, (A) is illogical: it seems to be telling us that the students are recognized and applied.

And for whatever it's worth, I'm not crazy about the pronouns in (C), either: "them" and "they" are right next to each other, but refer to different antecedents. That's not the end of the world, but it's not ideal.

On to (D) and (E):

Quote:
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


(D) has exactly the same meaning issue as (A): if we think about (D) strictly and literally, it seems to be saying that students are "recognized and applied", and that doesn't make sense.

So I hope you like (E)! The parallelism is solid, and (E) also fixes the pronoun issue that we saw in (C): "them" has been replaced with "these skills", and that makes the sentence a little bit cleaner.


Hi GmatNinja,
I have a query with option E- don't you think that they is redundant here. The structure could be- if students recognize and apply these skills, will become ....

option E- that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

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