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# Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution;

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Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2009, 21:11
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Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal

try this.. good one.

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06 Feb 2009, 21:27
I choose D

"lay" has to be simple past tense, A/B/E out
C "of his proposing" is awkward

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal
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Updated on: 09 Feb 2009, 06:08
x2suresh wrote:
Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal

try this.. good one.

A

subjunctive mood correctly used and "fact that" correctly used

edit

E is a better option...."fact that" is too wordy

Originally posted by bigtreezl on 06 Feb 2009, 22:10.
Last edited by bigtreezl on 09 Feb 2009, 06:08, edited 1 time in total.
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07 Feb 2009, 03:17
x2suresh wrote:
Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal

try this.. good one.

Hi mates,

IMO D

"his tremendous originality" is singular, therefore A, B and E out.

Between C and D, C sounds wordy

OA and Source?

Cheers
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07 Feb 2009, 09:42
I think 'laid' is correct here.

Between C and D, I'll go with D

Cheers,
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07 Feb 2009, 12:52
I think "proposing the idea" has a different meaning from "proposal". Since, "laid" is required here, I will go with C.
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08 Feb 2009, 15:36
Guys .. thanks for the discussion.

Do you remeber two verbs.. "to lie" and "to lay"

The principal parts (most-common verb forms) of lie are:

lie (present,) lay (past) and lain (past participle).

The principal parts of lay are:

lay (present), laid (past) and laid (past participle).

then you will get the answer for this question.

Lay means to put something [or someone] down. Because lay is a transitive verb, a direct object will come after it. A direct object receives the action of the verb.

Lay
Present tense: As I walk past, I lay the tools on the workbench.
Past tense: As I walked past, I laid the tools on the workbench. And: I laid an egg in class when I tried to tell that joke.

Lie, on the other hand, means to rest or recline. Lie is an intransitive verb, so no direct object will follow

Present tense: I lie down on my bed to rest my weary bones.
Past tense: Yesterday, I lay there thinking about what I had to do during the day.
Past participle: But I remembered that I had lain there all morning one day last week.

...

Now most of you might know the answer.
...

OA E
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08 Feb 2009, 15:49
x2suresh wrote:
Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea - laid is required
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea - laid is required
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea - Since Darwin is proposing something, then how it could be the fact?
(D) laid in his proposal - hold on
(E) lay in his proposal - laid is required
try this.. good one.

IMO D

Did you see my above post..?

what is direct object of "laid"....? if you can answer.. then it is D otherwise it should be E..
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08 Feb 2009, 18:02
x2suresh wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea - laid is required
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea - laid is required
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea - Since Darwin is proposing something, then how it could be the fact?
(D) laid in his proposal - hold on
(E) lay in his proposal - laid is required
try this.. good one.

IMO D

Did you see my above post..?

what is direct object of "laid"....? if you can answer.. then it is D otherwise it should be E..

I agree that the lay is the correct choice to use.

How ever, the OA is debatable as the OA seems to suggest that there is nothing as proposal of idea. It is very well possible that some one proposes an idea about a topic and some one else comes up with a proposal on the topic itself
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09 Feb 2009, 05:58
Hi x2suresh , thank you for your post

I still don't understand why E is correct:

the subject "his tremendous originality" which I think it's singular, and the verb is "lay" which is present. Shouldn't it be lays?

Regards
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09 Feb 2009, 06:00
JohnLewis1980 wrote:
Hi x2suresh , thank you for your post

I still don't understand why E is correct:

the subject "his tremendous originality" which I think it's singular, and the verb is "lay" which is present. Shouldn't it be lays?

Regards

here "lay" -- is past tense of lie..
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09 Feb 2009, 06:04
_________________

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I'm not linked to GMAT questions anymore, so, if you need something, please PM me

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09 Feb 2009, 09:55
Though Im late iin replying, but agree with E

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Re: sc - lay   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2009, 09:55
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