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Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri

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Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Sep 2018, 20:20
1
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

57% (00:43) correct 43% (00:45) wrong based on 189 sessions

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Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most American pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives.


(A) it was decided by most American pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives

(B) the decision of most American pharmaceutical companies was to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives

(C) most American pharmaceutical companies have decided to abandon research in new forms of contraceptives

(D) research in new forms of contraceptives was abandoned by most American pharmaceutical companies

(E) most American pharmaceutical companies decided on abandoning research in new forms of contraceptives

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http://gmatclub.com/forum/massive-collection-of-verbal-questions-sc-rc-and-cr-106195.html#p832142
http://gmatclub.com/forum/1001-ds-questions-file-106193.html#p832133
http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-critical-reasoning-collection-106783.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html?hilit=chineseburned


Originally posted by catfreak on 14 Sep 2012, 06:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Sep 2018, 20:20, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2012, 06:24
1
So the only difference is the present perfect vs simple past. I would go with A because there is no specific timeline given. Thus I assume the intended meaning is to say the companies, since daunted by law suites, have decided to give up research to date.
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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2012, 07:29
i think option E is correct, we do not know if the decision is effective at present, so it is safer to complete the sentence with past as suggested by "daunted".
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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 03:55
catfreak wrote:
Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most American
pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives.

(C) most American pharmaceutical companies have decided to abandon research in
new forms of contraceptives
(E) most American pharmaceutical companies decided to abandon research in
new forms of contraceptives

OA - after some discussion


There is no reason to select past tense, therefore present perfect is correct option here.
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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 08:47
Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most American
pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives.


Verb-ed modifier:
1) Always modifies the noun preceding it when it appears after the modified noun (no matter if the verb-ed modifier is separated by comma or not).
2) If the verb-ed modifier comes in the starting, then also it will modify the noun after the comma.


In this sentence, who was daunted by the lawsuits?

Pharmaceutical companies.
So we will have to bring this noun just after the comma.

The correct answer thus is C.
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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 16:26
Shiv2016 wrote:
Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most American
pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives.


Verb-ed modifier:
1) Always modifies the noun preceding it when it appears after the modified noun (no matter if the verb-ed modifier is separated by comma or not).
2) If the verb-ed modifier comes in the starting, then also it will modify the noun after the comma.


In this sentence, who was daunted by the lawsuits?

Pharmaceutical companies.
So we will have to bring this noun just after the comma.

The correct answer thus is C.


How is it then different from (E) , which also has the same construction?
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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 18:30
Why not E because decide to/upon is the correct idiom rather than decide on.

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Re: Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 20:24
catfreak wrote:
Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most American pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives.


(A) it was decided by most American pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives

(B) the decision of most American pharmaceutical companies was to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives

(C) most American pharmaceutical companies have decided to abandon research in new forms of contraceptives

(D) research in new forms of contraceptives was abandoned by most American pharmaceutical companies

(E) most American pharmaceutical companies decided on abandoning research in new forms of contraceptives


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Here again we have an introductory modifier,“daunt- ed by the threat of costly lawsuits.” The correct answer has to start with that which this phrase modifies: companies. In (E), “decided on abandoning” is unidiomatic.
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Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2018, 04:47
Quote:
Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most American pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives.


(A) it was decided by most American pharmaceutical companies to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives

(B) the decision of most American pharmaceutical companies was to abandon doing research in new forms of contraceptives

(C) most American pharmaceutical companies have decided to abandon research in new forms of contraceptives

(D) research in new forms of contraceptives was abandoned by most American pharmaceutical companies

(E) most American pharmaceutical companies decided on abandoning research in new forms of contraceptives


Clearly we can see A,B,D are modifier errors.

Quote:
(C) most American pharmaceutical companies have decided to abandon research in new forms of contraceptives


Every thing is fine here(Modifier is correct) . Generally we take decision to do something.Keep it

Quote:
(E) most American pharmaceutical companies decided on abandoning research in new forms of contraceptives

Decided on doing (we some times use while talking but it is unidiomatic as mentioned in the above post)

Final answer is C.
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Daunted by the threat of costly lawsuits, it was decided by most Ameri &nbs [#permalink] 04 Sep 2018, 04:47
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