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Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function

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Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Mar 2019, 05:01
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Question Stats:

32% (02:15) correct 68% (02:14) wrong based on 622 sessions

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Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design. Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?


(A) In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.

(B) Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions.

(C) For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages.

(D) The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations.

(E) The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions.

Originally posted by HiteshPunjabi on 15 Nov 2012, 05:20.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Mar 2019, 05:01, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 05:45
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We are looking for "must be true" answer based on the argument.

(A) In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic: Correct. This must be true. As provided in the argument, function autonomous always permits more realistic planning which means scope of realistic planning exists.
(B) Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions: Incorrect. We cannot infer from the argument whether large centralized institutions encourage innovations or not.
(C) For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages: Incorrect. No disadvantage is mentioned in the passage. Thus, we cannot infer any comparison.
(D) The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations: Incorrect. We cannot infer this from the argument.
(E) The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions: Incorrect. This one is tricky. It is not necessary that the people will come up with both innovative and realistic policy decisions. Some can be realistic and not innovative.
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Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2013, 06:06
Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design. Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily
operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one
of the following?

(A) In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic. Maximally is key word, which molds the tone of the statement as used in passage

(B) Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions. Very strong word: Not always

(C) For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages. OFS. No mention of disadvantages
(D) The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations. OFS. Very strong word: Most of the details
(E) The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions.
OFS. Very strong word:always

Therefore, A.
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New post 27 Feb 2014, 18:32
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From the below link it appears that this is taken from Manhattan, LSAT questions. Do we get such questions in GMAT?

http://www.manhattanlsat.com/forums/q18 ... -t784.html
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2015, 11:10
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1
Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously.
This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation,
since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design.
Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?

A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.

B. Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions..............out of scope since this is new and generalized info

C. For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages............disadvantages are not mentioned in the argument.

D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations............responsibility of central admin is not mentioned

E. The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions............always is extreme and this is an inference question.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2016, 21:06
1
1
Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design. Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?

A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.

to function autonomously => you need decentralization in large institution =>
some realistic planning is there in centralised institution=> (do not function autonomously) => but that is not maximised as there is still scope of some by centralisation.


D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations. :- We don't know how many large institutions are centralised and how many decentralised. We already know that in case of decentralisation, daily operation responsibility has been shifted. (most or less) we can't infer from the argument. They are not just overwhelming anymore. Also "details of daily operations" is very vague. who owns the responsibility not clear.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 09:26
A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.
- As argument says that - " This(decentralization) always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation"
So if any large institution does not fution autonomously, then there is not maximally realistic planning.


B. Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions. - This cannot be proved from above argument.

C. For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages. - Argument does not mention any disadvantages of decentralization.
D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations. - partially responsible ???? duhhhhh Wrong!!!

E. The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions. - This cannot be proved from above argument, because there may be people who are part of implementing policies but does not make innovative and realistic policy decision.
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Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 06:58
Let's break it down:-

#1Decentralization -> Autonomous functioning -> Encourages realistic planning and innovation

#2Decision making folks -> Directly involved in implementing policies designed by them

#3Central administration -> (Due to Decentralization)Need not worry about the details of daily operations(Note: This does not imply that the central administration were a part of the daily operations before Decentralization. Maybe this department(daily operations) were taken care by some other administration.

With these points in mind let's jump straight into the answer choices

A. Yes. Definitely makes sense when you look at #1. HOLD ONTO THIS OPTION
B. We cannot support this statement for sure. What if they indeed are always encouraged ?
C. No. Not supported by the passage. The passage merely states the benefits of decentralization for large institutions. It makes no comparison between strengths and weaknesses of any sort.
D. Tricky !!. Read carefully. See what #3 says. Hence not true.
E. Not not true. This isn't supported by the passage. Moreover the word 'always' makes this an extreme claim. Also notice that the word 'realistic' is used for planning and not policy implementing. A lot of reasons to RULE this option OUT.


We are left with A which is the best choice.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2019, 05:02
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Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to   [#permalink] 04 Mar 2019, 05:02
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