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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38

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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 04:34
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Question Stats:

83% (01:58) correct 17% (01:12) wrong based on 475 sessions

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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 billion fewer gallons of water a day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier.

A. day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
B. day than it did during the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
C. day than were used almost 20 years earlier, which had been the all-time high consumption
D. day, compared to almost 20 years earlier, that having been the all-time high consumption
E. day, which is in comparison to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 06:03
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A. day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier - Incorrect - Comparison error

B. day than it did during the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier - Correct

C. day than were used almost 20 years earlier, which had been the all-time high consumption - Incorrect - 'which' incorrectly refers to '20 years earlier'

D. day, compared to almost 20 years earlier, that having been the all-time high consumption - Incorrect - Fragment

E. day, which is in comparison to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier - Incorrect - Comparison error. Usage of water is compared to a period of high consumption.

Answer: B

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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 11:28
Gnpth wrote:
Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 billion fewer gallons of water a day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier.

A. day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
B. day than it did during the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
C. day than were used almost 20 years earlier, which had been the all-time high consumption
D. day, compared to almost 20 years earlier, that having been the all-time high consumption
E. day, which is in comparison to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier


All except (B) presents incorrect comparison..

Hence the correct answer must be (B)

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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 21:06
B.

As a side note, 'than' is usually superior to 'comparing to'.
A - what is the comparison? 'day' to 'a period'
C - modifier issue of 'which'
D - 'that having been' GMAT freebie
E - modifier issue of 'which'

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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 01:59
Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 billion fewer gallons of water a day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier.

A. day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier - Illogical comparison
B. day than it did during the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier - Correct - "fewer than" is the correct comparison
C. day than were used almost 20 years earlier, which had been the all-time high consumption - Which relative pronoun reference
D. day, compared to almost 20 years earlier, that having been the all-time high consumption - Not a sentence
E. day, which is in comparison to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier - Which relative pronoun reference

Answer B
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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2017, 08:42
Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 billion fewer gallons of water a day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier.

Issue: Comparison

Analysis: Looking at the underlined portion of the sentence, we can say that the water to consumption in US is being compared. Hence, we need to use the correct comparison marker and make sure that the compared things are equal.

A. day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
- Incorrect usage of "when" leading to meaning issue (seems to suggest that the fact was only true at the time of comparison)
- Pronoun ambiguity


B. day than it did during the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
- Correct comparison

C. day than were used almost 20 years earlier, which had been the all-time high consumption
- Incorrect comparison

D. day, compared to almost 20 years earlier, that having been the all-time high consumption
- Incorrect comparison

E. day, which is in comparison to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier
- Incorrect usage of "which" - ", which" is is used to modify noun immediately preceding it.

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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 04:01
Hi expert

Is the below part of the choice C is incorrect? If yes then please explain why it is incorrect?

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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 07:18
AR15J wrote:
Hi expert

Is the below part of the choice C is incorrect? If yes then please explain why it is incorrect?


C is incorrect because of following reasons:
1. "which" does not have an antecedent
2. "were used" - unnecessary use of passive voice, breaking parallelism.

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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 07:17
AR15J wrote:
Hi expert

Is the below part of the choice C is incorrect? If yes then please explain why it is incorrect?



"were used" refer to subject of main clause and so, is wrong. this is big problem with "were used "

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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 [#permalink]

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Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38 billion fewer gallons of water a day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier.

A. day when comparing it to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier --- it refers to the US. The US is being compared to a period. Wrong comparison.

B. day than it did during the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier -- That what the US used in 1988 is being compared to what it used (did) 20 years earlier. Correct comparison.

C. day than were used almost 20 years earlier, which had been the all-time high consumption -- There is no passive voice factor that was used in 1988 to compare with what was used in 20 years earlier. -- There is only an active voice verb what the US used. -- Wrong comparison

D. day compared to almost 20 years earlier, that having been the all-time high consumption-- a quantum of water is being compared to 20 years earlier. -wrong comparison.

E. day, which is in comparison to the period of all-time highest consumption almost 20 years earlier --- a quantum of water is being compared a period. -wrong comparison
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Re: Despite a growing population, in 1998 the United States used 38   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2017, 08:51
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