GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Jan 2019, 11:41

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • The winning strategy for a high GRE score

     January 17, 2019

     January 17, 2019

     08:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Learn the winning strategy for a high GRE score — what do people who reach a high score do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we've collected from over 50,000 students who used examPAL.
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 542
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 31 Oct 2018, 02:40
1
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:06) correct 48% (01:02) wrong based on 849 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acro by Lord Elgin in 1806.


(A) requesting that it should

(B) requesting them to

(C) and its request to

(D) who request that it

(E) who request them to

_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space


Originally posted by priyankur_saha@ml.com on 27 Mar 2009, 09:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 31 Oct 2018, 02:40, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 301
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2012, 17:59
3
5
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'


The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped :)
_________________

Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 May 2008
Posts: 146
Location: Mumbai
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2009, 10:35
1
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acro by Lord Elgin in 1806.

(A) requesting that it should
- who does it refer to Greek authorities or British Museum, so wrong
(B) requesting them to
- the Greek authorities are requesting, not British Museum
(C) and its request to
- this would have been correct if it had been "and their request to"
(D) who request that it
- this is the most apt, since Greek authorities are requesting and British Museum is the it being referred to here.
(E) who request them to
- the British Museum is singular and so can't be referred to as "them"

So the answer is D - what is the OA?
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 27 Apr 2012
Posts: 30
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 650 Q46 V34
GPA: 3.3
WE: Consulting (Accounting)
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2012, 06:58
2
I am not so sure about this one but here is how I used POE to deduct the answer:

(A) requesting that it should - this sounds weird to me but the best out of all the answer choices.
(B) requesting them to - them is plural and refers back to the museum, which is singular.
(C) and its request to - its is singular and refers back to authorities, which is plural.
(D) who request that it - who can only be used to describe a person.
(E) who request them to - who can only be used to describe a person.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Aug 2012
Posts: 7
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2012, 07:35
1
catfreak wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the
place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities
requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by
Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to


OA - after some discussion



Meaning: Greek authorities demand that the British Museum (singular) return the Parthenon Marbles.

So, them (plural) cannot refer to a singular noun (the British Museum)- B & E out

Require + That + Subject + Command Subjunctive: The use of the modal "should" is incorrect- A is out

We are left with C & D:
Looking at it more closely, sentence C changes the meaning. According to this answer, Greek authorities intend to return the artefacts to the British Museum.

By POE we are left with D. D properly uses the command subjunctive after Require + That.

Can we use "Who" to refer to Greek authorities? Greek authorities could be referring to a group of scholars. Anyway, if you are unsure about a certain rule, there are many other rules tested in any given SC problems, so apply the ones you are certain about before diving into more complex grammatical issues.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 66
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Asset Management (Manufacturing)
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2012, 00:43
1
Here is my approach.

Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.

(A) requesting that it should >> the problem is use of "should" along with 'requesting'. As per the rule of subjunctive mood we cannot use 'should' after 'request'. Hence, option is wrong

(B) requesting them to >> 'ing' modifier without ',' before it modifies previous word, in this case "Greek authorities". This is OK. However, the problem is with the use of pronoun 'them'. It refers to singular antecedent 'the British Museum". So, the option is wrong

(C) and its request to >> Wrong meaning. It shows the British Museum continues to rebuff its own request. Hence, wrong.

(D) who request that it >> 'who' correctly refers to antecedent "the Greek authorities" also, "it" correctly refers to antecedent "the British Museum". Put on hold

(E) who request them to >> 'them' wrongly refers to the singular antecedent "the British Museum". Hence, wrong.

Clearly only left out is D. Hence, answer is D.

My Notes:
(1) "ing" modifiers without "," modifies previous word. "ing" modifier with "," modifies previous clause or subject.
(2) Singular pronoun must refer to singular noun. And plural to plural.
_________________

My mantra for cracking GMAT:
Everyone has inborn talent, however those who complement it with hard work we call them 'talented'.


+1 Kudos = Thank You Dear :)
Are you saying thank you?

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7198
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2015, 20:02
1
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


GMAT online Tutor

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 07 Aug 2011
Posts: 533
Concentration: International Business, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Mar 2015, 09:48
ChrisLele wrote:
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'


The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped :)


Thanks for the very brief explanation.
i think not knowing the dictionary meaning of word 'rebuff' took a toll on me.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rebuff
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 134
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT Date: 05-10-2015
GPA: 3.51
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Mar 2015, 01:14
chetan2u wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..


Hi Chetan,
Kindly elaborate more on the highlighted portion of your reply.
I am under an impression that when used without comma, verb+ing modifies the preceding Noun instead of the subject of preceding clause.

Thank you.
_________________

Please give Kudos to the post if you liked.

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7198
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Mar 2015, 19:12
aniteshgmat1101 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..


Hi Chetan,
Kindly elaborate more on the highlighted portion of your reply.
I am under an impression that when used without comma, verb+ing modifies the preceding Noun instead of the subject of preceding clause.

Thank you.


hi aniteshgmat1101,
i dont say the construction of sentence is correct but i am commenting on the point of requesting

if the sentence reads " he went around the town requesting for help... here requesting is modifying he and in no way town ...
even if i replace town with someone logical who can request say authorities...
he went to the authorities requesting for help... i think it is he who is requesting...

but if i write..he saw the authorities requesting for help... here it is the authorities who are seen requesting...

so it does matter what the construction of the sentence is and accordingly the -ing form of request will modify..
hope it helped
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


GMAT online Tutor

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 May 2014
Posts: 31
Schools: ISB '17, NUS '17
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2016, 11:46
Just for the Understanding, why "who" needed here, its making sentence awkward. Can anyone help?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2911
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2016, 01:58
1
akashbolster wrote:
Just for the Understanding, why "who" needed here, its making sentence awkward. Can anyone help?


The request is made by the Greek authorities. Usage of "requesting" implies that the request is made by the British museum. (A present participle modifier refers the subject of the previous clause).

The usage of "who" eliminates this error since the relative clause modifier "who request the...." refers to the noun it touchs, i.e., "Greek Authorities".
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52231
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Oct 2018, 02:43
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acro by Lord Elgin in 1806.


(A) requesting that it should

(B) requesting them to

(C) and its request to

(D) who request that it

(E) who request them to


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



D

This question tests the usage of the subjunctive of requirement. In this formulation, a verb like request is followed by “that”, a subject, and the infinitive form of a verb without the “to”. The answer choice that uses this form correctly is (D). Note that we can ask some- one to do something, but we have to request that someone do something.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Apr 2018
Posts: 39
CAT Tests
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Oct 2018, 03:57
(A) requesting that it should
Subjunctive does no have should

(B) requesting them to
The British Museum is singular so "them" is pronoun agreement issue

(C) and its request to
distort --> It shows that Museum rebuff both the Authorities and its request

(D) who request that it

(E) who request them to
same as B

Hence D, is the answer.
_________________

Let's share some kudos together.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Aug 2017
Posts: 25
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2018, 23:33
In the phrase "the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that" , why not "requesting" modify authorities, because there is not "comma" before requesting ??

I understand that V.ing modifies the preceding noun if there is no comma before V.ing.

Please correct me if I'am wrong.

Thanks
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu &nbs [#permalink] 09 Dec 2018, 23:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.