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Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu

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Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 31 Oct 2018, 02:40
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Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acro by Lord Elgin in 1806.


(A) requesting that it should

(B) requesting them to

(C) and its request to

(D) who request that it

(E) who request them to

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Originally posted by priyankur_saha@ml.com on 27 Mar 2009, 09:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 31 Oct 2018, 02:40, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2012, 17:59
3
5
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'


The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped :)
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2009, 10:35
1
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acro by Lord Elgin in 1806.

(A) requesting that it should
- who does it refer to Greek authorities or British Museum, so wrong
(B) requesting them to
- the Greek authorities are requesting, not British Museum
(C) and its request to
- this would have been correct if it had been "and their request to"
(D) who request that it
- this is the most apt, since Greek authorities are requesting and British Museum is the it being referred to here.
(E) who request them to
- the British Museum is singular and so can't be referred to as "them"

So the answer is D - what is the OA?
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2012, 06:58
2
I am not so sure about this one but here is how I used POE to deduct the answer:

(A) requesting that it should - this sounds weird to me but the best out of all the answer choices.
(B) requesting them to - them is plural and refers back to the museum, which is singular.
(C) and its request to - its is singular and refers back to authorities, which is plural.
(D) who request that it - who can only be used to describe a person.
(E) who request them to - who can only be used to describe a person.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2012, 07:35
1
catfreak wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the
place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities
requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by
Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to


OA - after some discussion



Meaning: Greek authorities demand that the British Museum (singular) return the Parthenon Marbles.

So, them (plural) cannot refer to a singular noun (the British Museum)- B & E out

Require + That + Subject + Command Subjunctive: The use of the modal "should" is incorrect- A is out

We are left with C & D:
Looking at it more closely, sentence C changes the meaning. According to this answer, Greek authorities intend to return the artefacts to the British Museum.

By POE we are left with D. D properly uses the command subjunctive after Require + That.

Can we use "Who" to refer to Greek authorities? Greek authorities could be referring to a group of scholars. Anyway, if you are unsure about a certain rule, there are many other rules tested in any given SC problems, so apply the ones you are certain about before diving into more complex grammatical issues.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2012, 00:43
1
Here is my approach.

Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.

(A) requesting that it should >> the problem is use of "should" along with 'requesting'. As per the rule of subjunctive mood we cannot use 'should' after 'request'. Hence, option is wrong

(B) requesting them to >> 'ing' modifier without ',' before it modifies previous word, in this case "Greek authorities". This is OK. However, the problem is with the use of pronoun 'them'. It refers to singular antecedent 'the British Museum". So, the option is wrong

(C) and its request to >> Wrong meaning. It shows the British Museum continues to rebuff its own request. Hence, wrong.

(D) who request that it >> 'who' correctly refers to antecedent "the Greek authorities" also, "it" correctly refers to antecedent "the British Museum". Put on hold

(E) who request them to >> 'them' wrongly refers to the singular antecedent "the British Museum". Hence, wrong.

Clearly only left out is D. Hence, answer is D.

My Notes:
(1) "ing" modifiers without "," modifies previous word. "ing" modifier with "," modifies previous clause or subject.
(2) Singular pronoun must refer to singular noun. And plural to plural.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2015, 20:02
1
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2015, 09:48
ChrisLele wrote:
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'


The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped :)


Thanks for the very brief explanation.
i think not knowing the dictionary meaning of word 'rebuff' took a toll on me.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rebuff
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2015, 01:14
chetan2u wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..


Hi Chetan,
Kindly elaborate more on the highlighted portion of your reply.
I am under an impression that when used without comma, verb+ing modifies the preceding Noun instead of the subject of preceding clause.

Thank you.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2015, 19:12
aniteshgmat1101 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..


Hi Chetan,
Kindly elaborate more on the highlighted portion of your reply.
I am under an impression that when used without comma, verb+ing modifies the preceding Noun instead of the subject of preceding clause.

Thank you.


hi aniteshgmat1101,
i dont say the construction of sentence is correct but i am commenting on the point of requesting

if the sentence reads " he went around the town requesting for help... here requesting is modifying he and in no way town ...
even if i replace town with someone logical who can request say authorities...
he went to the authorities requesting for help... i think it is he who is requesting...

but if i write..he saw the authorities requesting for help... here it is the authorities who are seen requesting...

so it does matter what the construction of the sentence is and accordingly the -ing form of request will modify..
hope it helped
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3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2016, 11:46
Just for the Understanding, why "who" needed here, its making sentence awkward. Can anyone help?
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 01:58
1
akashbolster wrote:
Just for the Understanding, why "who" needed here, its making sentence awkward. Can anyone help?


The request is made by the Greek authorities. Usage of "requesting" implies that the request is made by the British museum. (A present participle modifier refers the subject of the previous clause).

The usage of "who" eliminates this error since the relative clause modifier "who request the...." refers to the noun it touchs, i.e., "Greek Authorities".
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 02:43
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acro by Lord Elgin in 1806.


(A) requesting that it should

(B) requesting them to

(C) and its request to

(D) who request that it

(E) who request them to


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



D

This question tests the usage of the subjunctive of requirement. In this formulation, a verb like request is followed by “that”, a subject, and the infinitive form of a verb without the “to”. The answer choice that uses this form correctly is (D). Note that we can ask some- one to do something, but we have to request that someone do something.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 03:57
(A) requesting that it should
Subjunctive does no have should

(B) requesting them to
The British Museum is singular so "them" is pronoun agreement issue

(C) and its request to
distort --> It shows that Museum rebuff both the Authorities and its request

(D) who request that it

(E) who request them to
same as B

Hence D, is the answer.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultu &nbs [#permalink] 31 Oct 2018, 03:57
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