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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health

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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Jan 2018, 00:40
1
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

73% (01:06) correct 27% (01:38) wrong based on 782 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 92
Page: 652

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

Spoiler: :: OE
In this sentence, English idiom requires one of two paradigms: x ordered y to be z‘ed or x ordered that y be z
'ed
. Choice E, the best answer, employs the second of these paradigms. Choice A mixes the two paradigms
(levels... to be measured and that the results be published), producing a sentence that lacks parallelism. C
and D use neither paradigm and are thus unidiomatic. Also, in D, the pronoun their has no logical and
grammatical antecedent. Choice B unidiomatically employs the verb should (not in either paradigm); also, the
pronoun their does not agree in number with seawater, its most logical antecedent.

I strongly believe the word be is missed out in option E. E should read:
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be

Originally posted by HongHu on 11 Feb 2005, 15:40.
Last edited by hazelnut on 30 Jan 2018, 00:40, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2012, 03:18
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This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2010, 14:58
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vyassaptarashi wrote:
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results


Your post title says it all!

The subjunctive mood must be used whenever you have an order or recommendation verb. Some examples of such verbs are order, mandate, recommend, ask and demand.

To properly use the subjunctive, the sentence structure is:

[subject] [verb] that [next subject] [infinitive form of next verb, without "to"]

For example:

Fred's boss demands that Fred be on time for work.
Financial experts recommend that investors do research.
Our professor asks that we be prepared for class.

On to the question!

When you have long complex sentences, you should start by stripping away the extraneous material. So, paraphrasing the original:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered the levels ... to be measured and that the results be published.


If we've trained ourselves well, we see the verb "ordered" and immediately think "subjunctive time!" There has to be a "that" after ordered - eliminate A, C and D.

Now we scan B and E and note that B has "should be measured". You never use "should" with an order or recommendation verb (you're already making an order or recommendation, so "should" is redundant) - eliminate B.

Only E fixes our subjunctive issues - choose E!

If we wanted to double check the structure of E:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered that the levels ... be measured and the results published.


There should actually be a "be" before published (which means that either the question has been mistyped or the original question isn't perfect), but otherwise all good.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2005, 15:51
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I had this problem before too. But it is better to use POE. (E) is the answer because it stands out best.
This question simply tests subjunctive mood.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
Missing 'that', unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
'should' will not be in a subjunctive mood sentence. The use of 'with + noun + gerund' is almost always wrong.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
You may ask why there is no 'that' before 'the results' and why there is no 'be' after 'the results'. I believe this ellipsis is appropriate. Just look

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and [that] the results [be] published.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2010, 13:20
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gmataspirant2009 wrote:
241. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results


for the subjunctive mood, we need that. So eliminate A, C and D
In B should is wrong. And with the results being is also wrong.

E rectifies the problem. and it maintains ||ism
be measured .. be published
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2012, 08:13
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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
Command subjunctive and parallelism
he ordered that X and Y; the command subjunctive effect should be in both the parts so we have to avoid the use of anything such as,to be, be etc..before Y.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2013, 08:02
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Hi all,

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results published.

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice E. We all agree that this sentence uses the subjunctive verb and hence we need the construction “have ordered + that + Subjunctive verb”.

Choice E completely complies with that. The only thing here is that “be” is understood before “publishes”. It’s not that it is missing all together. It has just been kept understood and has not been repeated before “publishes” because it has already been used once before the first entity in the parallel list – “be measured”.

This is not an uncommon thing on GMAT SC. There are many sentences where we have seen that helping verbs are kept understood before the other entities in the list if that helping verb has been used before the first entity. This is the case with this one too.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2014, 05:08
dont we need that before results
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2014, 06:49
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abhi398 wrote:
dont we need that before results

Hi Abhi, you might want to a refer to another post of mine in this regard: http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmatprep-challengeq-the-bones-of-majungatholus-atopus-176167.html#p1394601.

In this specific case, if that was repeated after and, I believe there would have been a slight change in meaning. Let's take the following two sentences:

i) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and donate to the priests.

ii) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and that Jack donate to the priests.

Statement ii) seems to suggest that the two activities are independent, and hence are not revealing that the second activity is a subset/consequence of the first one.

In any case, none of the options has a that...and that.. structure, so it's bit of a moot point.

Nevertheless, for exam purposes, what is more handy to remember is the other way round: Whenever there is a structure such as and that, and which, and whose etc., there must be a corresponding similar structure (that, which,whose etc.) on the LHS of and.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2019, 03:25
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