GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Dec 2018, 14:18

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Happy Christmas 20% Sale! Math Revolution All-In-One Products!

     December 20, 2018

     December 20, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    This is the most inexpensive and attractive price in the market. Get the course now!
  • Key Strategies to Master GMAT SC

     December 22, 2018

     December 22, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Attend this webinar to learn how to leverage Meaning and Logic to solve the most challenging Sentence Correction Questions.

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
Posts: 2118
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Jan 2018, 23:40
1
16
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

73% (00:50) correct 27% (01:12) wrong based on 815 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 92
Page: 652

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

Spoiler: :: OE
In this sentence, English idiom requires one of two paradigms: x ordered y to be z‘ed or x ordered that y be z
'ed
. Choice E, the best answer, employs the second of these paradigms. Choice A mixes the two paradigms
(levels... to be measured and that the results be published), producing a sentence that lacks parallelism. C
and D use neither paradigm and are thus unidiomatic. Also, in D, the pronoun their has no logical and
grammatical antecedent. Choice B unidiomatically employs the verb should (not in either paradigm); also, the
pronoun their does not agree in number with seawater, its most logical antecedent.

I strongly believe the word be is missed out in option E. E should read:
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be

Originally posted by HongHu on 11 Feb 2005, 14:40.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Jan 2018, 23:40, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4569
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2012, 02:18
8
This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Most Helpful Community Reply
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 146
Location: Toronto
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2010, 13:58
9
3
vyassaptarashi wrote:
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results


Your post title says it all!

The subjunctive mood must be used whenever you have an order or recommendation verb. Some examples of such verbs are order, mandate, recommend, ask and demand.

To properly use the subjunctive, the sentence structure is:

[subject] [verb] that [next subject] [infinitive form of next verb, without "to"]

For example:

Fred's boss demands that Fred be on time for work.
Financial experts recommend that investors do research.
Our professor asks that we be prepared for class.

On to the question!

When you have long complex sentences, you should start by stripping away the extraneous material. So, paraphrasing the original:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered the levels ... to be measured and that the results be published.


If we've trained ourselves well, we see the verb "ordered" and immediately think "subjunctive time!" There has to be a "that" after ordered - eliminate A, C and D.

Now we scan B and E and note that B has "should be measured". You never use "should" with an order or recommendation verb (you're already making an order or recommendation, so "should" is redundant) - eliminate B.

Only E fixes our subjunctive issues - choose E!

If we wanted to double check the structure of E:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered that the levels ... be measured and the results published.


There should actually be a "be" before published (which means that either the question has been mistyped or the original question isn't perfect), but otherwise all good.
General Discussion
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Oct 2004
Posts: 792
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Feb 2005, 14:51
4
1
I had this problem before too. But it is better to use POE. (E) is the answer because it stands out best.
This question simply tests subjunctive mood.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
Missing 'that', unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
'should' will not be in a subjunctive mood sentence. The use of 'with + noun + gerund' is almost always wrong.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
You may ask why there is no 'that' before 'the results' and why there is no 'be' after 'the results'. I believe this ellipsis is appropriate. Just look

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and [that] the results [be] published.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Aug 2008
Posts: 137
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Sep 2010, 12:20
1
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
241. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results


for the subjunctive mood, we need that. So eliminate A, C and D
In B should is wrong. And with the results being is also wrong.

E rectifies the problem. and it maintains ||ism
be measured .. be published
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 446
Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2012, 07:13
1
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
Command subjunctive and parallelism
he ordered that X and Y; the command subjunctive effect should be in both the parts so we have to avoid the use of anything such as,to be, be etc..before Y.
_________________

" Make more efforts "
Press Kudos if you liked my post

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2772
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2013, 07:02
5
Image


Hi all,

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results published.

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice E. We all agree that this sentence uses the subjunctive verb and hence we need the construction “have ordered + that + Subjunctive verb”.

Choice E completely complies with that. The only thing here is that “be” is understood before “publishes”. It’s not that it is missing all together. It has just been kept understood and has not been repeated before “publishes” because it has already been used once before the first entity in the parallel list – “be measured”.

This is not an uncommon thing on GMAT SC. There are many sentences where we have seen that helping verbs are kept understood before the other entities in the list if that helping verb has been used before the first entity. This is the case with this one too.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 30 Sep 2009
Posts: 88
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2014, 04:08
dont we need that before results
VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1024
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2014, 05:49
2
abhi398 wrote:
dont we need that before results

Hi Abhi, you might want to a refer to another post of mine in this regard: http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmatprep-challengeq-the-bones-of-majungatholus-atopus-176167.html#p1394601.

In this specific case, if that was repeated after and, I believe there would have been a slight change in meaning. Let's take the following two sentences:

i) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and donate to the priests.

ii) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and that Jack donate to the priests.

Statement ii) seems to suggest that the two activities are independent, and hence are not revealing that the second activity is a subset/consequence of the first one.

In any case, none of the options has a that...and that.. structure, so it's bit of a moot point.

Nevertheless, for exam purposes, what is more handy to remember is the other way round: Whenever there is a structure such as and that, and which, and whose etc., there must be a corresponding similar structure (that, which,whose etc.) on the LHS of and.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 20 Oct 2016
Posts: 78
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2018, 18:49
https://youtu.be/VRvAuf9ph5A
_________________

Founder, GMAT Mantra
One to One Live Online GMAT Coaching
8860616050
http://www.gmatmantra.com

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health &nbs [#permalink] 25 Sep 2018, 18:49
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.