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# Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2008, 17:29
12
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52% (00:57) correct 48% (01:10) wrong based on 2796 sessions

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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

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SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1708
Location: New York
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2008, 14:28
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.
Conclusion says "would help" its not "must"

So author assumed that
" Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome. "

I will go with B.

What is OA
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Manager
Joined: 27 Mar 2008
Posts: 74
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2008, 15:50
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

B-

a; out of scope-- should focus on research which is the evidence
b; regulation must pass law
c; not focused on "only way" but ways to reduce develop cts
d; looks like another conclusion for regulation
e; out of scope
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 231
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2008, 16:08
1
IMO D.
The doctor's conclusion is ..Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. In other words, the conclusion says "if such a law is passed, it will help"
Doctor does not conclude that this law will be passed... so B should not be the assumption.
However, the doctor's conclusion to be valid , the desired effect of the law should be achieved . For that D should be true ( assumption ).
Intern
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 34
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2008, 01:13
can you please explain what is wrong with C
"Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome."
Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2008
Posts: 178
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2008, 05:51
Even I am confused it looks to be a clear C
The question of parents following legistation does not arise a legislation should be followed
I think we need more discussion on this one
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1219
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2008, 06:28
13
3
hibloom wrote:
Even I am confused it looks to be a clear C
The question of parents following legistation does not arise a legislation should be followed
I think we need more discussion on this one

C is irrelevant because the conclusion is focussed on how the legislation can curb the condition

COnsider this :
What is the Conclusion of the argument?

Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

What is the evidence provided?
Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome

Paraphrase: Doctors know video games are the reason for Carpal tunnel syndrome in adolescents .If legistation is passed such that videos cannot be sold to minors the painful wrist condition can be curbed.

What is the gap between the conclusion and evidence?
How adolescent get access to video games?The argument is assuming kids buy video games. They cannot receive videos games from parents, teachers...blah blah

Hope this helps.
Director
Joined: 27 May 2008
Posts: 530
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2008, 09:48
3
2
one of th ebest ways to solve "assumption" problem is to negate the assumption and the conclusion should fall apart..

if we negate C, what do we have

Playing video games is NOT the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

now it tells us that there could be other factors for CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome) ... OK fine but it doesnt rule out the possibility that playing video games is also one of the factors ... So a ban will help curm the CTS ... argument doesnt fall apart.... so C is not the answer
Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2008
Posts: 178
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2008, 21:30
Thank you very much:
I realise my mistake in this one was loosing track of the conclusion is " the legislation should be able to prevent CTS..."

hence we have concentrate on the legislation. other way to look at asumption questions is to establish the relevance of the premise as far a C is concerned it is weakening the premise hence can tbe the answer

Thank you very much guys
Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 166
Schools: Columbia, INSEAD, RSM, LBS
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2009, 03:38
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

a) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

b) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

c) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

e) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye
coordination and improved reaction time.

Answer is D
Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 217
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2009, 09:15
IMO A. Definately not [B],[C] and [E], however confused between [A] and [D]. Infact chose [A] over [D]. Can somebody explain the OA for the ques.?
VP
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 03:10
Assumption : type Supporter
Test : Negation. (should weaken the conclusion)
POE : A,D prevail

D :Most parents would not refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Dosen't seem to affect the conclusion which states about legislators.
A: The majority of federal legislators would not vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

Legislation won't pass.Hence weaken.
Clear choice A.
thank you
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Intern
Joined: 22 Jun 2009
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 04:45
1
IEsailor wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

a) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

b) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

c) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

e) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye
coordination and improved reaction time.

Answer is D

I dont understand why D is the answer.
If most parents refuse to buy video game, what is the need for a law prohibiting its sale?
IMO A is the answer.
Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2009
Posts: 51
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 06:29
Fedral registration prohibits sale of video games for minor only and If parents buy these game then whatever fedral legislation has thought will fall as parents are no minors so D is correct ans.
Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 111
Location: France
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WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 23:27
1
Why not C?

I would go with C.

If there is some alternate cause for carpal tunnel syndrome, the Federal legislation would NOT help curb this painful condition among adolescents.

So this option is defender.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 23:35
1
IEsailor wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

a) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
This is out of scope.

b) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
This is already stated by the doctor by "three times as likely to develop" so it does not add any additional information.

c) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
The conclusion does not rely on eliminating the syndrome, it only seeks to "help curb". So this is not a necessary assumption.

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
This is necessary for the conclusion. The conclusion is if minors cannot purchase the game, this solves the issue. If there was another way for them to obtain the game the argument is significantly weaker. An example of this is parents buying the game for minors. This is the CORRECT answer.

e) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
Other benefits of games are not in scope.
Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
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Location: France
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 23:55
Spoilt wrote:
Why not C?

I would go with C.

If there is some alternate cause for carpal tunnel syndrome, the Federal legislation would NOT help curb this painful condition among adolescents.

So this option is defender.

Oh sorry didn't read it properly : yangsta8 is right : D for me too.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2009, 01:51
This one was not so difficult

Statement 1: playing video games, children may have disease
Statement 2: Federal regulation should act in order to lessen the probability to a child play this video game

To support statement 2, we need to know whether the federal regulation will be effective (so it has to say something about the kids, parents... etc.

A) As I said, out of scope
B) It would not support federal actions
C) Too narrow and would not help feds
D) Looks fine... what's next?
E) It neither strengthens nor weakens the argument

So, D
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2009, 17:00
This is what we at Knewton call a "negate weakener" question (others, including those in this forum, use the word "defender," which is not as clear, IMO). The assumption on which the argument depends is in disguise; what it really does is present a weakener to the argument and then assure us that the weakener is not in fact true. To spot these, deny the assumptions to reveal the weakener.

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Negate it:

-d) Most parents would NOT refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Well, if most parents would buy video games, then prohibiting adolescents from buying them themselves would not work. There would be an alternate strategy by which adolescents could acquire their games. Therefore, (-d) must be FALSE, and (d) must be TRUE.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2009, 04:36
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

a) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

b) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

c) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

e) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye
coordination and improved reaction time.

The answer is D for sure...

A: Goes to legislature otes which is none of concern for Doctor

B: Obviously out

C: He never believes it is the only reason...He believes it increases chances adn he wants to curb it

D: If you note SALE OF GAMES TO MINORS shud be banned. Which means he believes it would reach adolescents only if THEY THEMSELVES BUY IT...Which means parents will not buy it.

E : Is ridiculous
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games &nbs [#permalink] 05 Nov 2009, 04:36

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