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# Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium

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Director
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10 Jan 2006, 22:36
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Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium is spread and why the disease it causes, listeriosis, afflicts some people in a contaminated area though it spares many others.
(A) though it spares
(B) where it spares
(C) despite sparing
(D) when sparing
(E) while sparing

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10 Jan 2006, 22:44
I think it it is B.. Since the disease is inflicted only on some people and rest are unaffected.. where it spares
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10 Jan 2006, 23:42
Yups i go for B too.. Though A looks appealing but we need a "where" .
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11 Jan 2006, 00:35
I will pick B. E is also tempting. I think that the thing bieng "spared" is the "area" and not the people. The "area" is spared from contamination on many other people.
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11 Jan 2006, 08:40
i would have picked E for sure. How do we know that its the area being spared, and not the people ?

Usually, people are spared .... cant say Ive ever heard of areas being spared
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11 Jan 2006, 08:58
I take on 'E'

(A) though it spares
>> Wrong usage of 'though'

(B) where it spares
>> 'where' is used correctly but this sounds as if it is talking about "particular area" where it spared few people

(C) despite sparing
>> Wrong usage of 'despite'

(D) when sparing
>> 'when' usage is wrong.

(E) while sparing
>> Sounds good & logical, keeps continuation..."does X while doing Y"
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11 Jan 2006, 12:24
vivek123 wrote:
I take on 'E'

(A) though it spares
>> Wrong usage of 'though'

(B) where it spares
>> 'where' is used correctly but this sounds as if it is talking about "particular area" where it spared few people

(C) despite sparing
>> Wrong usage of 'despite'

(D) when sparing
>> 'when' usage is wrong.

(E) while sparing
>> Sounds good & logical, keeps continuation..."does X while doing Y"

Vivek,
yes OA is E
I selected B for two reasons.
1 where --> relative clause for area and describe the area.
2 Tense on both the side are same "afflicts" || "spares" both present tense. the how come the present progresive tense "sparing" is fine in E.

And also "while" is a conjuction which should connect two clause. but the "sparing many others" is not a clause its a phrase.

pls explain !!!
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11 Jan 2006, 12:54
cool_jonny009 wrote:
vivek123 wrote:
I take on 'E'

(A) though it spares
>> Wrong usage of 'though'

(B) where it spares
>> 'where' is used correctly but this sounds as if it is talking about "particular area" where it spared few people

(C) despite sparing
>> Wrong usage of 'despite'

(D) when sparing
>> 'when' usage is wrong.

(E) while sparing
>> Sounds good & logical, keeps continuation..."does X while doing Y"

Vivek,
yes OA is E
I selected B for two reasons.
1 where --> relative clause for area and describe the area.
2 Tense on both the side are same "afflicts" || "spares" both present tense. the how come the present progresive tense "sparing" is fine in E.

And also "while" is a conjuction which should connect two clause. but the "sparing many others" is not a clause its a phrase.

pls explain !!!

cj,

'B' actually appears parallel (or it is parallel) but it distorts the meaning of the whole sentence, as I have mentioned. So, it can't be correct. In short, only parallelism is not enough, it should convey correct/logical meaning.

'B' sounds as if "it attacks some people in the area where it spares few people". Where as it should be "it attacks some people in the area sparing few people" . You can see that first bold part sounds awkward.

I'm really sorry I don't really know about "while" rule... can anybody put light on "while" usage?
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20 Jan 2006, 23:06
I completely agree with what vivek says. should be E.
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21 Jan 2006, 18:54
vivek123 wrote:
I take on 'E'

(A) though it spares
>> Wrong usage of 'though'

(B) where it spares
>> 'where' is used correctly but this sounds as if it is talking about "particular area" where it spared few people

(C) despite sparing
>> Wrong usage of 'despite'

(D) when sparing
>> 'when' usage is wrong.

(E) while sparing
>> Sounds good & logical, keeps continuation..."does X while doing Y"

E it is
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22 Jul 2015, 17:25
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23 Jul 2015, 04:19
cool_jonny009 wrote:
Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium is spread and why the disease it causes, listeriosis, afflicts some people in a contaminated area though it spares many others.
(A) though it spares
(B) where it spares
(C) despite sparing
(D) when sparing
(E) while sparing

E Seems to be the correct answer.
Obviously Area is not a thing to be spared here. Its talking about the people and some people are affected by the disease while others are not(while it spares many others.. And the doctors know little about the reason the disease is spread).
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23 Jul 2015, 08:08
Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium is spread and why the disease it causes, listeriosis, afflicts some people in a contaminated area though it spares many others.

Actually I would reject B and pick E for a different reason.

The pronoun ‘it’ appears at two junctures; in the first place, the pronoun refers to the bacterium while in the second place, it refers to the disease. In GMAT terms, it is wrong for a pronoun to refer to two different entities in a same sentence. In E, this problem has been circumvented by converting the later portion into a modifying phrase, dropping the pronoun altogether.
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