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Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated

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Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2017, 09:14
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:24) correct 35% (01:34) wrong based on 486 sessions

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Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole.


(A) nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by

(B) nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

(C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

(D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced

(E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by


This question is available on gmatclub in a different version from 2006.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 01:11
pra1785 wrote:
Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole

A) nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by

B) nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced

E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by

This question is available on gmatclub in a different version from 2006.


Need reasons to eliminate A and B

Is A wrong becoz of BY at the end?
Is B wrong becoz of CREATING?
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 06:48
rocko911 wrote:
pra1785 wrote:
Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole

A) nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by

B) nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced

E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by

This question is available on gmatclub in a different version from 2006.


Need reasons to eliminate A and B

Is A wrong becoz of BY at the end?
Is B wrong becoz of CREATING?

rocko911

Main reason to eliminate A and B is that they lack any contrast word such as but ,while or although.We need a contrast here.
And you are right that in option B,creating doesn't have any proper justification.
In A,produced by is not wrong.But its in passive voice.You should chose passive voice only when no right answer with active voice is available.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 07:30
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First usage of nevertheless:
it was an old song, but nevertheless it was a favorite when they performed it.

meaning of nevertheless is more close to "despite this/that".

usually preceded by contrasting word such as 'but' or a contrasting phrase.

Thus A and B can be eliminated.

B) meaning error in B - it sounds like "Dolphins lack vocal cords and this is why they are making all kind of sounds."

D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced --- a noun phrase defines the noun infront of it. such as in this case 'sound' is defined by a noun phrase which really distort the meaning of sentence. Moreover click are not produced "sphincter muscle inside the blowhole". Actually very easy to eliminate this option.

E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by --- colon is for giving example .

C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with ---- Correct option .
"But" right contrast. even "but nevertheless" should also be correct here.
"they" > Dolphins.
"producing" >> modifying prior sentence. making a complete sense.
use of by/with --- by using 'by' we are saying only this muscle, 'with' says addition to this something else too. with seems to be a better use here.

Hope that is helpful.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 05:21
“Nevertheless” is a connector meaning “yet” or “but”. You can see the futility and redundancy of “but” in E. Again, when we use a connector like “nevertheless”, both arms of the connector should be parallel. Choices A, B and E use a clause on one side and a participial phrase on the other.
We must say ‘Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless create sounds’ using verbs on both sides.
A also falters on Subject –Verb agreement.
The choice has to be between C and D while D lacks the use of ‘by’ at the end. “being produce sphincter” is wrong usage and awkward. Hence, C is the answer.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 09:10
Hi GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo,

I was wondering if you could please go through each of the answer choices and explain why the incorrect answer choices are incorrect? Upon searching this question on this platform and other websites, I noticed that there wasn't much discussion on this question for some reason even though the tag given is from GMATPrep.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 22:44
“Nevertheless” is a connector meaning “yet” or “but”. You can see the futility and redundancy of “but” in E. Again, when we use a connector like “nevertheless”, both arms of the connector should be parallel. Choices A, B and E use a clause on one side and a participial phrase on the other.
We must say ‘Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless create sounds’ using verbs on both sides.
A also falters on Subject –Verb agreement.
The choice has to be between C and D while D lacks the use of ‘by’ at the end. “being produce sphincter” is wrong usage and awkward. Hence, C is the answer.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2019, 04:52
HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, DmitryFarber, MagooshExpert (Carolyn), ccooley, GMATGuruNY, EMPOWERgmatVerbal, EducationAisle

Can you please help me with this SC?
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2019, 06:56
daagh Please explain What is wrong with optionE?
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2019, 06:56
AjiteshArun Is but and nevertheless redundant in the above Question ?
assuming but and nevertheless is not redundant how can we reject E ?
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2019, 19:15
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teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun Is but and nevertheless redundant in the above Question ?
assuming but and nevertheless is not redundant how can we reject E ?
The nevertheless is not necessary, but there is a much more reliable way to remove E. This is the sentence option E leads to:

Dolphins lack vocal cords, but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole.

We're basically saying "Dolphins lack (verb) something but creating (participle) something". The conjunction but does not join two similar elements in this case (lack and creating), and that's a great reason to take this option out.

Here is another question that tests the same thing.
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2019, 19:50
AjiteshArun
In A I rejected for are as it should be is
Why B is wrong ?
what's wrong in "nevertheless creating sound" in B
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 04:16
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teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun
In A I rejected for are as it should be is
Why B is wrong ?
what's wrong in "nevertheless creating sound" in B
This is what we get with option B:

Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with sphincter muscle inside the blowhole.

The ", nevertheless creating sounds" is wrong for two reasons:
1. It doesn't logically connect to the clause "Dolphins lack vocal cords". Participles used this way normally communicate something that extends what the initial clause communicates. However, here the participle brings us an entirely new idea that does not connect to the initial clause at all (it is actually a contrasting idea). For example:

She did not go to the movie with her friends, choosing to stay at home and study for the GMAT instead.

The instead could make us think that we're looking to introduce a contrasting idea, but even in this case the participle communicates something in the same "direction" as the initial clause "she did not go..."

2. Look at the portion after the semicolon. It is all about the fact that Dolphins can produce sounds. That is, the idea contained in the ", nevertheless creating sounds" bit is central to the intended meaning of the sentence. We should not stick it in a modifier and leave it there. It is more important than that. There is a big difference in terms of emphasis between (a) Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds and (b) Dolphins lack vocal cords, but nevertheless create sounds.

Option A: A participle is not appropriate here as it doesn't support the intended meaning. System is singular, but are is plural. The use of the passive voice is generally avoidable and the passive verb are produced by makes it harder for the reader to identify dolphins as the agent (the who or the what that produces those sounds).

Option B: A participle is not appropriate here as it doesn't support the intended meaning. The semicolon brings in a full subject-verb pair and because the "producing sounds" idea is not an integral part of the initial clause, the two clauses joined by the semicolon don't make as much sense anymore (Dolphins lack vocal cords; they produce a complicated system of sounds).

Option C: The best of the 5 options.

Option D: There is no by after produced, and the being makes it seem as if we are discussing an ongoing action.

Option E: But should not be used to join lack (a verb) and creating (a participle).

Finally, although this is marked as a GMATPrep question, I'm not comfortable with the non-underlined portion. Specifically, "with sphincter muscle" doesn't make any sense ("with sphincter muscles" or "with a sphincter muscle" would have been better).
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2019, 09:17
nevertheless is an adverb, which connect two independent clause. so, nevertheless can not stand in that position. only a few, not all, prepositions can stand in that position in choice A and B.

semantically, nevertheless show a constrast. but because it is " adverb connecting two full clause", it can connect only 2 independent clauses.

this problem test us
connection adverb. such as nevertheless
preposition, such as instead. instead can stand in the position of nevertheless in choice A and B
conjunction, such as rather than. rather than can connect two similar things, such as 2 nouns, 2 verbs, or 2 full clauses.

we need to fully understand 3 above kinds to perform well on this problem
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Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated   [#permalink] 11 May 2019, 09:17
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