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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat

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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Nov 2018, 23:21
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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.


(A) but supplementing

(B) and had supplemented

(C) and even though they supplemented

(D) although they supplemented

(E) but with supplementing


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Originally posted by ngobaotrung on 02 Aug 2006, 23:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 29 Nov 2018, 23:21, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2011, 03:57
20
10
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Take-aways -
Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2006, 00:34
3
2
Should be D.
To show proper contrast we need "although".

The original sentence is trying to tell that the Iroquois were planters despite the fact that they supplemented their cultivation of......with......

The Iroquois were primarily a planters, although they supplemented their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2006, 01:45
2
The Iroquois were primarily a planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.
A.
B. and had supplemented
C. and eventhough they supplemented
D. although they supplemented
E. but with supplementing

A. as if they are still supplementing. so wrong
B wrong connecting word. it shuld be but
c and eventhough. two connecting words make it awkward
d .correct
e . but corrects one prob . the -ing is wrong
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2010, 16:19
1
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2010, 16:50
ajit257 wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks


Hi,

in the original, "supplementing" leaves us wanting more - the sentence needs another phrase to be complete. Eliminate A and E.

We predict: "but supplemented" would fix the problem, so let's scan the choices.

B has the connector "and" - changes the meaning of the sentence (we lose the contrast) - get rid of B.

C has "and even though", requiring another verb in the sentence (just like A and E) - eliminate C.

Only D remains - "although they supplemented" is similar to our prediction and works just fine. Choose D!
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2010, 12:58
Well i have a doubt about the usage of 'although'. I thought it was never used in the middle of the sc and always at the beginning.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2010, 15:31
ajit257 wrote:
Well i have a doubt about the usage of 'although'. I thought it was never used in the middle of the sc and always at the beginning.


I'm not aware of any such rule - it may be similar to the "never start a sentence with because" rule, which also isn't a real rule (i.e. it's OK to start a sentence with "because").
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Sep 2011, 04:58
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

A and C are fragments, not complete sentences

A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast

Originally posted by alicegmat on 22 Sep 2011, 02:47.
Last edited by alicegmat on 22 Sep 2011, 04:58, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 12:30
3
alicegmat wrote:
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Take-aways -
Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast



I was reading the explanation in this post and found that everyone is overlooking a small error. Hence, posting a reply to correct the understanding.

While explanation for A, B, D, E is mostly correct in all the replies, explanation about C is wrong.

(C) "and even though they supplemented" : It is a sentence fragment but not because it does not have a verb.. This sentence has a perfect verb i.e. supplemented just like in (D).

However, this sentence is a fragment because it starts with "and", which requires further explanation after the subordinate clause "even though....." ends.


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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 20:34
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More specifically, and is used as a coordinating conjunction in C, and so, must be followed with an Independent clause (this is a property of coordinating conjunctions). In this case, and is just followed by a dependent clause, and hence is not correct.

p.s. Sentence fragments are tested quite extensively on GMAT. Our book discusses in detail, the various scenarios in which Sentence fragments appear. If you could PM me your mail id, I can send you the relevant section.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 21:10
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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing -- since but is preceded by a comma , we should have a independent clause after but -- subject and verb missing
(B) and had supplemented -- contrast is lost ; usage of past perfect is incorrect ; comma+and must be followed by an independent clause
(C) and even though they supplemented -- usage of and--> contrast is lost ; need an independent clause after and
(D) although they supplemented -- Correct
(E) but with supplementing -- since but is preceded by a comma , we should have a independent clause after but -- subject and verb missing

Answer D
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2020, 04:09
[quote="ngobaotrung"]The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.


(A) but supplementing

(B) and had supplemented

(C) and even though they supplemented

(D) although they supplemented

(E) but with supplementing

how to eliminate choice A
you can say that "but" show a contrast between two parallel entities. this is correct. but we can think more on this point.

comma+doing is complicated but basic point of grammar. this phrase work as adverb to modify the preceding clause.

I learn gmat well , as well as making my thinking more logic.

before comma+doing, some but not all of preposition can stand. "as well as" can be a preposition though most of the time we see it as a conjunction, which connect two similar things. one gmat prep question test the preposition role of "as well as".

"but" can not be a preposition like "as well as", so, choice A is wrong.

I present "as well as" in contrast with "but" to differentiate "but" and "as well as". "but' is a conjunction but ' as well as" is an conjunction and preposition.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2020, 07:25
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

ngobaotrung wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.


(A) but supplementing

(B) and had supplemented

(C) and even though they supplemented

(D) although they supplemented

(E) but with supplementing


Choice A: This answer choice employs the "Verb+ing" modifier, rather than the continuous verb "supplementing"; in doing so, this answer choice fails to bring out the needed contrast and implies that the Iroquois' supplementation is an ongoing process. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice incorrectly uses the past perfect tense to refer to the Iroquois' supplementation; this tense is only used when referring to the earlier of two events, and this sentence makes it clear that the Iroquois practiced farming, hunting, and fishing simultaneously. Additionally, this answer choice uses the conjunction "and", which does not convey contrast. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice incorrectly links a dependent clause to an independent clause through the conjunction "and". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice maintains proper conjunction and tense use and conveys the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice E: This answer choice repeats the error found in Option A. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, D is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Although, Though, Despite, and While on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2020, 07:30
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Quote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing

(D) although they supplemented


I treated supplementing as a gerund, i.e. noun acting as an action verb.
E.g. Travelling around the word is one of my dreams.

Also I cut off (D) since only FANBOYS can connect two independent clauses, not although. May I know where I faltered?
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2020, 08:07
1
adkikani wrote:
Abhi077 VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun MentorTutoring

Quote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing

(D) although they supplemented


I treated supplementing as a gerund, i.e. noun acting as an action verb.
E.g. Travelling around the word is one of my dreams.

Also I cut off (D) since only FANBOYS can connect two independent clauses, not although. May I know where I faltered?


Meaning of the sentence is important here, This sentence calls for a contrast, hence the conjunction Although is necessary for e.g, He decided to go, although I begged him not to, you can see the contrast presented by although. And yes, you're right about FANBOYS but then there's no verb in the 2nd clause making it a dependent clause. supplementing is not a verb.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2020, 09:37
1
adkikani wrote:
Abhi077 VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun MentorTutoring
I treated supplementing as a gerund, i.e. noun acting as an action verb.
E.g. Travelling around the word is one of my dreams.

Also I cut off (D) since only FANBOYS can connect two independent clauses, not although. May I know where I faltered?
Hi adkikani,

1. One way to look at this to replace the (expected) nouns with X and Y.

The Iroquois were primarily X, but Y.

Let's ignore the comma for a moment. The main problem with this is that the Iroquois were not Y. That is, they were not "supplementing". For example, if we say something like "they were farmers", then they were farmers (Iroquois = farmers). But Iroquois = supplementing doesn't make any sense.

2. Although always introduces a dependent clause. In other words, although they supplemented is a dependent clause. The mistake you made is that you looked at only the they supplemented and concluded that it was an independent clause.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2020, 13:22
2
adkikani wrote:
Abhi077 VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun MentorTutoring

Quote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing

(D) although they supplemented


I treated supplementing as a gerund, i.e. noun acting as an action verb.
E.g. Travelling around the word is one of my dreams.

Also I cut off (D) since only FANBOYS can connect two independent clauses, not although. May I know where I faltered?

Hello, adkikani. I think both Abhi077 and AjiteshArun have provided excellent insights above. I thought I would speak more to why supplementing... in this sentence is not being used as a gerund. The reason is that there is no resolution to supplementing.... Since it is not being used as a verb, the phrase needs such a verb to form a predicate. If the whole phrase were a gerund here, the subject of a second independent clause, you would expect a linking verb to follow, as in,

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting was commonplace.

It is not that a gerund and a linking verb are always found together, since a gerund can be the object of a sentence (e.g., She dislikes eating natto, since the smell reminds her of sweaty gym socks). However, some sort of complete thought is a prerequisite to gerund usage. Otherwise, the apparent gerund would simply be acting as a modifier.

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2020, 13:22

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivat

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