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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in

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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Dec 2018, 00:39
2
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:15) correct 22% (01:15) wrong based on 381 sessions

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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.


(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road

(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present

(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road

(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road

(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road


If possible please clarify the usage of infinitive / gerund. Thats the rule which decides the answer in this question and I would like to hammer it a bit deep into my grey cells. Thanks

Originally posted by krish on 20 Sep 2004, 19:18.
Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Dec 2018, 00:39, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Sep 2004, 07:58
1
D?

If the ans is E, my whole explanation needs to be modified :lol: let me know.

"invested in" is the idiom
"Research to develop" sounds better.
Also, we need that "than those"

As for gerund/infinitive, this might help:
http://gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=9937
domestic-automobile-manufacturers-10037.html
http://langues.cmaisonneuve.qc.ca/sbell ... xplan.html

<<Edited after Paul's post below. That has clear examples.>>

Originally posted by hardworker_indian on 20 Sep 2004, 21:17.
Last edited by hardworker_indian on 21 Sep 2004, 07:58, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2004, 05:34
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D it is
Idioms are:

Research + in + area/location
ie. research in technology, research in many countries

Research + to + infinitive
ie. research to develop a cure for cancer

Research + for + noun
ie. research for the development of a cure for cancer
This to the limit is ok but it sure is very wordy. The infinitive form is more concise. Note that "research + for + gerund" is NOT the right idiom.

This link has some examples on gerund vs infinitives
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2008, 14:19
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lgon wrote:
250. Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road
(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road

Which one is better out of D &E


More X than Y is the correct idiomatic usage

X and Y must be grammatically and logically parallel

X=cars even more gasoline effecient

Lets see Y in options D and E

D

Y= Those ( Demonstrative pronoun used to refer the copy and not the actual antecedent..meaning the cars to be developed and card currently running on the road are different)= cars currently on the road


Comparison grammatical: Yes ( Cars-plural, those -plural)

Comparison logical: Yes ( Apples to Apples)

Hurray!!

Comparison is logical, grammitcally correct and meaningful

But lets not finish..Lets try E


X=cars even more gasoline effecient

Y= there is no mention about cars or even pronouns

Illogical comparison !

D
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2009, 08:51
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(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road. -more X than Y idiom is used here …more gasoline efficient ….than presently on the road because we do not know, what’s on the road it’s wrong.
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present –Research must be followed by an infinitive (to develop) and also the same paralelism error as in A-
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road. –dudes wat is that sentence no need an explanation-
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road -

(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road- Research must be followed by an infinitive (to develop), here …more gasoline efficient ….than presently on the road because we do not know, what’s on the road it’s wrong.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2016, 23:42
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Between D & E :

To do : Signifies specific purpose

I picked up the knife to cut the the vegetables.

For doing : Signifies general utility

Knives are for cutting vegetables.


Here the topic is the specific reason of research. Hence to is more appropriate.

Answer : D
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2016, 02:46
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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.

A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
"even" should be placed before "more".
The comparison "more gasoline-efficient... than presently on the road" is illogical and ambiguous. Cars are compared to a moment in time.

B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present.
The comparison "more gasoline-efficient cars... than at present" is illogical and ambiguous. Cars are compared to a moment in time.
C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
"for research for cars to be developed" is wordy and awkward.
"even" should be placed before "more".
The comparison "more gasoline-efficient... than presently on the road" is illogical and ambiguous. Cars are compared to a moment in time.

D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road.
E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road.
The comparison "more gasoline-efficient... than presently on the road" is illogical and ambiguous. Cars are compared to a moment in time.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2018, 09:28
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars in   [#permalink] 20 Dec 2018, 09:28
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