GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Jun 2019, 12:37

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 414
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 16 Sep 2018, 16:00
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

59% (01:02) correct 41% (01:16) wrong based on 127 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands more than a half mile tall.

(A) opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
(B) which opened in 2010 and which is reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
(C) opened in 2010 and it has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, standing
(D) which opened in 2010, has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, and stands
(E) opened in 2010 and which has reigned as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands

As you scan this problem for actionable Decision Points, recognize that each answer choice includes a modifier describing "Burj Khalifa" (you can tell this by the comma right after "Khalifa," the subject of the sentence).

Choice (A) is correct, although that fact may come as a surprise. "Opened" and "reigning" are each participial (verb-based) modifiers that properly describe the Burj Khalifa, and then after the modifier you're provided with the active verb "stands" so that you have a complete sentence: Dubai's Burj Khalifa stands more than a half mile tall.

It may not seem that the two modifiers are parallel, but recognize that the verb tenses must stand the way that they are: "opened" (past tense) describes an action that already happened (in 2010), while "reigning" is ongoing ("ever since") so it cannot be in the past tense. So the modifiers are each used appropriately.

With the other choices:

By including "which" as essentially a "subject" for "is reigning" (B) violates the timeline. It could say "which has been reigning ever since" but that word "since" begs for any active verbs to be in the present perfect tense. Note that in (A) "reigning" is used only as a modifier; in (B) by following a noun "which" the verb is subject to stricter verb tense logic.

(C) adds "it has been" to break up the parallel modifier structure between the commas. "Opened and reigning" are parallel modifiers, but "Opened and it has been reigning" mixes a modifier and a clause within the same set of commas, creating an error.

(D) fails to complete a full sentence. If you take "which opened..., has been reigning..., and stands" as three parallel items, they're all part of the "which" modifier and therefore there is no actual verb for the subject "Burj Khalifa." Or if you take only "which opened..." as the modifier, then there should not be a comma between the parallel verbs "has been reigning" and "stands." (Note also that this interpretation would create an illogical meaning, as "has been reigning as the tallest building" and "stands a half mile tall" are related - one should really modify the other - but using them as parallel, separate verbs illogically treats them as separate events).

And choice (E) not only breaks parallel structure in the combination modifier ("opened" is a participial modifier and "which reigns" is a relative modifier) but also fails to have an active verb, as "standing" after the modifier does not work. ("The Burj Khalifa standing a half mile tall" is not a complete sentence.)

_________________
Please give Kudos. Kudos encourage active discussions and help the community grow

Originally posted by globaldesi on 15 Sep 2018, 00:12.
Last edited by hazelnut on 16 Sep 2018, 16:00, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 17 Jan 2017
Posts: 300
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member
Re: Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2018, 01:00
3
globaldesi wrote:
Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands more than a half mile tall.

a. opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
b. which opened in 2010 and which is reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
c. opened in 2010 and it has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, standing
d. which opened in 2010, has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, and stands
e. opened in 2010 and which has reigned as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands


+1 for A

a. opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands --> Correct parallelism as opened and reigning correctly modify Burj Khalifa.
b. which opened in 2010 and which is reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands --> Parallelism error. 'is reigning' is a verb
c. opened in 2010 and it has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, standing
d. which opened in 2010, has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, and stands
e. opened in 2010 and which has reigned as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
_________________
Only those who risk going too far, can possibly find out how far one can go
Director
Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Jun 2018
Posts: 543
Location: Germany
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GPA: 3.4
WE: Analyst (Transportation)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2018, 04:33
1
Agree with Akash both on the answers as well as on the rational provided for A.

However, could one of the mods please underline the question accordingly (or is the underline just missing on my computer?)
_________________
A couple of things that helped me in verbal:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/verbal-strategies-268700.html#p2082192

Gmat Prep CAT #1: V42, Q34, 630
Gmat Prep CAT #2: V46, Q35, 660
Gmat Prep CAT #3: V41, Q42, 680
Gmat Prep CAT #4: V40, Q46, 700
CR Forum Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 25 Apr 2018
Posts: 572
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2018, 08:11
1
globaldesi wrote:
Dubai’s Burj Khalifa,opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, standsmore than a half mile tall.

a. opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
b. which opened in 2010 and which is reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands
c. opened in 2010 and it has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, standing
d. which opened in 2010, has been reigning as the world’s tallest building ever since, and stands
e. opened in 2010 and which has reigned as the world’s tallest building ever since, stands


Hi generis sudarshan22

Please underline the highlighted part.

Thanks!
_________________
Please give kudos if you found my posts helpful!

Project CR Butler - 2 CR's everyday
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 414
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2018, 08:36
1

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



As you scan this problem for actionable Decision Points, recognize that each answer choice includes a modifier describing "Burj Khalifa" (you can tell this by the comma right after "Khalifa," the subject of the sentence).

Choice (A) is correct, although that fact may come as a surprise. "Opened" and "reigning" are each participial (verb-based) modifiers that properly describe the Burj Khalifa, and then after the modifier you're provided with the active verb "stands" so that you have a complete sentence: Dubai's Burj Khalifa stands more than a half mile tall.

It may not seem that the two modifiers are parallel, but recognize that the verb tenses must stand the way that they are: "opened" (past tense) describes an action that already happened (in 2010), while "reigning" is ongoing ("ever since") so it cannot be in the past tense. So the modifiers are each used appropriately.

With the other choices:

By including "which" as essentially a "subject" for "is reigning" (B) violates the timeline. It could say "which has been reigning ever since" but that word "since" begs for any active verbs to be in the present perfect tense. Note that in (A) "reigning" is used only as a modifier; in (B) by following a noun "which" the verb is subject to stricter verb tense logic.

(C) adds "it has been" to break up the parallel modifier structure between the commas. "Opened and reigning" are parallel modifiers, but "Opened and it has been reigning" mixes a modifier and a clause within the same set of commas, creating an error.

(D) fails to complete a full sentence. If you take "which opened..., has been reigning..., and stands" as three parallel items, they're all part of the "which" modifier and therefore there is no actual verb for the subject "Burj Khalifa." Or if you take only "which opened..." as the modifier, then there should not be a comma between the parallel verbs "has been reigning" and "stands." (Note also that this interpretation would create an illogical meaning, as "has been reigning as the tallest building" and "stands a half mile tall" are related - one should really modify the other - but using them as parallel, separate verbs illogically treats them as separate events).

And choice (E) not only breaks parallel structure in the combination modifier ("opened" is a participial modifier and "which reigns" is a relative modifier) but also fails to have an active verb, as "standing" after the modifier does not work. ("The Burj Khalifa standing a half mile tall" is not a complete sentence.)
_________________
Please give Kudos. Kudos encourage active discussions and help the community grow
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2914
Re: Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2018, 09:22
Arro44 wrote:
Agree with Akash both on the answers as well as on the rational provided for A.

However, could one of the mods please underline the question accordingly (or is the underline just missing on my computer?)

Arro44 and gmat1393 , edited. Thank you.
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.


Tell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life? -- Mary Oliver
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 09:22
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, opened in 2010 and reigning as the world’s tall

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne