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Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s

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Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 10:05
6
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

44% (02:10) correct 56% (02:21) wrong based on 236 sessions

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Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s job is not a sign of personal shortcomings but instead an effect of impersonal social forces (which is surely correct), there would be growth in the societal demand for more government control of the economy to protect individuals from these forces, just as the government now protects them from military invasion. Such extensive government control of the economy would lead to an economic disaster, however.

The economist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) Increased knowledge of the causes of job loss could lead to economic disaster.
(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.
(D) Societal demand for government control of the economy is growing.
(E) In general, people should feel no more responsible for economic disasters than for military invasions.

LSAT

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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 01:13
I think C is the answer whereas OA is A. Please clarify why A is the answer .
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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 02:28
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Akela wrote:
Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s job is not a sign of personal shortcomings but instead an effect of impersonal social forces (which is surely correct), there would be growth in the societal demand for more government control of the economy to protect individuals from these forces, just as the government now protects them from military invasion. Such extensive government control of the economy would lead to an economic disaster, however.

The economist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) Increased knowledge of the causes of job loss could lead to economic disaster.
(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.
(D) Societal demand for government control of the economy is growing.
(E) In general, people should feel no more responsible for economic disasters than for military invasions.

LSAT


The argument boiled down to specifics states that

Impersonal Social forces are the cause for Job loss. This belief will lead to growth in societal demand for more government control of the economy. Finally, more government control will lead to economic disaster.

Hence if there is more government control that will fight Impersonal social forces to protect job loss, then it will lead to economic disaster.

So it is a chain of cause & effect relations.

Since it is an Inference question, a correct answer will likely be a rephrasing of one of the premises or a combination of the premises.

Using POE on the answer choices,

(A) Increased knowledge of the causes of job loss could lead to economic disaster. - This seems ok, because the cause of job loss is "impersonal social forces", which more government control will fight. Hence rephrasing the answer choice, it becomes "more government control could lead to economic disaster". This is exactly what the stimulus says.
(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces. - This is incorrect, as it simply tries to weaken the premise that more government control is protection against impersonal social forces
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces. - This is a very extreme statement. The use of "never" is very strong & generalized. The argument is very specific about a particular case of cause & effect relation. Hence it is incorrect.
(D) Societal demand for government control of the economy is growing. - Ok this was close. I crossed this one off, because the stimulus says "more government control" & the answer choice says simply "government control". There is big difference between the two, the answer choice implies "there is no government control right now & the demand for it is growing", whereas the stimulus doesn't mention anything like that. Also the stimulus is hypothetical & the answer choice is factual.
(E) In general, people should feel no more responsible for economic disasters than for military invasions - This one is irrelevant.



Answer A.


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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 02:45
Akela wrote:
Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s job is not a sign of personal shortcomings but instead an effect of impersonal social forces (which is surely correct), there would be growth in the societal demand for more government control of the economy to protect individuals from these forces, just as the government now protects them from military invasion. Such extensive government control of the economy would lead to an economic disaster, however.

The economist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) Increased knowledge of the causes of job loss could lead to economic disaster.
(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.
(D) Societal demand for government control of the economy is growing.
(E) In general, people should feel no more responsible for economic disasters than for military invasions.

LSAT


+1 for A

Clearly D and E are Irreleveant

Among A, B and C, B and C use extreme language, which can be used to eliminate them right away.

(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.
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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 02:52
Akash720 wrote:

+1 for A

Clearly D and E are Irreleveant

Among A, B and C, B and C use extreme language, which can be used to eliminate them right away.

(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.



Hi Akash,

Can you please elaborate why D is irrelevant? maybe i am missing out something there, as i found D to be a close answer.

Thanks,
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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 17:59
GyMrAT wrote:
Akash720 wrote:

+1 for A

Clearly D and E are Irreleveant

Among A, B and C, B and C use extreme language, which can be used to eliminate them right away.

(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.



Hi Akash,

Can you please elaborate why D is irrelevant? maybe i am missing out something there, as i found D to be a close answer.

Thanks,
GyM


(D) Societal demand for government control of the economy is growing.

It is nowhere mentioned that the demand is growing.
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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2019, 20:48
GyMrAT wrote:
Akash720 wrote:

+1 for A

Clearly D and E are Irreleveant

Among A, B and C, B and C use extreme language, which can be used to eliminate them right away.

(B) An individual’s belief in his or her own abilities is the only reliable protection against impersonal social forces.
(C) Governments should never interfere with economic forces.



Hi Akash,

Can you please elaborate why D is irrelevant? maybe i am missing out something there, as i found D to be a close answer.

Thanks,
GyM


The first sentence says that if X happens, then Y will happen. This does not mean that Y is happening.
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Re: Economist: If the belief were to become widespread that losing one’s   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 20:48
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