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Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance

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Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance. To reduce unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers cheaply. However, the supplement will not raise any worker's income above what government assistance would provide if he or she were not gainfully employed. Therefore, unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would entitle them to the supplement.

Which of the following, if true about Ledland, most seriously weakens the argument of the editorial?

(A) The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals and their families.

(B) Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently has.

(C) People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs than job seekers who are unemployed.

(D) The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.

(E) People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy the work.

Edit: Moderator Editorial Note: this is a different topic from https://gmatclub.com/forum/editorial-in ... l#p1988124 due to the answer choices.

Originally posted by ttanvir on 25 Dec 2006, 04:33.
Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 29 Dec 2017, 16:48, edited 1 time in total.
Added Mod. Editorial Note
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2012, 21:33
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venmic wrote:
Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance. To reduce
unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept
jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers
cheaply. However, the supplement will not raise any worker’s income above what
government assistance would provide if he or she were not gainfully employed. Therefore,
unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would entitle them
to the supplement. Which of the following, if true about Ledland, most seriously
weakens the argument of the editorial?
A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals and
their families.
B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer must pay
an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently has.
C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs than job
seekers who are unemployed.
D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less than the
yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.
E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy the work.


Can an expert please explain why C is the answer

according to A if the gov collects no taxes for the unemployed it is a financial incentive so it weakens the argument/conclusion where itt states that the unemployed have no Financial incentive with this

I would go with C because in the overall argument it would prove that the unemployed get lower paying jobs hence no financial incentive

Please explain and thankyou for your help and time....:)


Responding to a pm:

The question is about financial incentives.

This is what the situation is: Say, the govt pays $400/week to the unemployed. Someone who is getting less than $400/week in a job will not work. He will instead like to be unemployed and receive $400. Now, the govt is planning to supplement the income of people who get less than $400. Say, if you get $300/week, the govt will give you $100 to make it $400 but not more than $400.

Conclusion: Unemployed people will have no financial incentiveto accept jobs that would entitle them to the supplement.

Makes sense, right? Whether you work or you don't you still make only $400. So you might have other incentives to work e.g. you like work etc but you don't have a financial incentive to work. What will weaken this conclusion? It will be weakened if you can find a financial incentive that will make people work.

(C) says that people who are already employed get better pay if they switch jobs (as compared to those who are unemployed). This could be a financial incentive for people to take up jobs. They take low paying jobs right now but still get $400 (after adding govt supplement) and later switch and get better paying jobs, possibly jobs that pay more than $400. Hence, this option gives us a financial incentive.

(A) actually strengthens the argument, if at all.
A - "The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals and their families."
If the govt collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals, the unemployed will get $400/week. But the employed will pay taxes on their salary ($300) and may not pay taxes on $100 of govt assistance but overall they will make less than $400. So there is certainly no financial incentive to work. Instead, you make less money if you work. This makes a better case for the author's opinion which is "unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs"
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2006, 05:08
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Hi All:
There is no OA for this question. I will post my answer for this question. Thanks

Q30:
Editorial:
In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance. To reduce
unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept
jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers
cheaply. However, the supplement will not raise any worker’s income above what
government assistance would provide if he or she were not gainfully employed.
Therefore, unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would
entitle them to the supplement.

Which of the following, if true about Ledland, most seriously weakens the argument of
the editorial?

A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed
individuals and their families.

B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer
must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently
has.

C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs
than job seekers who are unemployed.

D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less
than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.

E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy
the work.

Answer:
Question Type: Weakening question
Conclusion: The unemployed people do not have any financial incentive to accept jobs.
Premise1: The unemployed people receive government assistance.
Premise1: The employed people with low income plus government supplement will not exceed the government assistance. Let us do a math:

The government assistance = $50
The income = $30
Thus, the supplement= 50-20=$30


In order to weakening this argument, let us attack the conclusion. If we can prove that the unemployed people DO have financial incentive to accept jobs it will break the conclusion. Let us take a look at the choices:


A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed
individuals and their families. Taxes will not create any incentive for employment. Out of scope

B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer
must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently
has. Low wage creates no incentive for employnment-Strengths the conclusion

C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs
than job seekers who are unemployed. If people take low income job, they will get a high income job later. Thus, there is a financial incentive of taking low income jobs. weakens the conclusion. Answer.

D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less
than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level. This satement will strengths the conclusion because the supplement is higher than the low income.

E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy
the work.The word ‘sometimes’ does not give a definite conclusion.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2006, 11:50
C it is.

C creates a financial incentive for unemployed to be employed and earn more in new job
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2006, 12:02
I got stuck between A and C

how come paying less taxes is not a financial incentive ?
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2006, 12:10
Mishari wrote:
I got stuck between A and C

how come paying less taxes is not a financial incentive ?


Yes, not payin taxes is indeed beneficial. A indicates that people are better off without taking up lower paying jobs because they will have to pay taxes on their salaries. This is in agreement with the editorial, thus strengthening it.

We need to weaken the editorial. C does that.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2006, 12:17
Duh ! what's wrong with me ?

thanks ncprasad
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2007, 14:37
Good analysis, ttanvir. Just one thing: if gov assistance is 50 and income is 30, shouldn´t the supplement be 20?


ttanvir wrote:
Hi All:
There is no OA for this question. I will post my answer for this question. Thanks

Q30:
Editorial:
In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance. To reduce
unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept
jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers
cheaply. However, the supplement will not raise any worker’s income above what
government assistance would provide if he or she were not gainfully employed.
Therefore, unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would
entitle them to the supplement.

Which of the following, if true about Ledland, most seriously weakens the argument of
the editorial?

A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed
individuals and their families.

B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer
must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently
has.

C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs
than job seekers who are unemployed.

D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less
than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.

E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy
the work.

Answer:
Question Type: Weakening question
Conclusion: The unemployed people do not have any financial incentive to accept jobs.
Premise1: The unemployed people receive government assistance.
Premise1: The employed people with low income plus government supplement will not exceed the government assistance. Let us do a math:

The government assistance = $50
The income = $30
Thus, the supplement= 50-20=$30


In order to weakening this argument, let us attack the conclusion. If we can prove that the unemployed people DO have financial incentive to accept jobs it will break the conclusion. Let us take a look at the choices:


A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed
individuals and their families. Taxes will not create any incentive for employment. Out of scope

B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer
must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently
has. Low wage creates no incentive for employnment-Strengths the conclusion

C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs
than job seekers who are unemployed. If people take low income job, they will get a high income job later. Thus, there is a financial incentive of taking low income jobs. weakens the conclusion. Answer.

D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less
than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level. This satement will strengths the conclusion because the supplement is higher than the low income.

E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy
the work.The word ‘sometimes’ does not give a definite conclusion.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2007, 21:48
C after reading thorugh the killer explaination by ttanvir.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2007, 04:08
C...

The financial incentive is that they will be able to get a better paying job later. It's the only choice that weakens the argument that "unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would
entitle them to the supplement".
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2007, 19:02
Initially I thought A but then I realized "A" is talking about "unemployed individuals" and not about newly employed people who were unemployed.

If I negate A then only relevant option left is C.

Once unemployed become employed, they may look for a new job that may offer them higher salary.....

I am going with C.

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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2007, 21:05
down to C and E...

i think C makes the cut..E is weak cause it says "some"..
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2007, 22:12
bkk145 wrote:
Editorial:
In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance. To reduce
unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers cheaply. However, the supplement will not raise any worker’s income above what government assistance would provide if he or she were not gainfully employed. Therefore, unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would entitle them to the supplement.

Which of the following, if true about Ledland, most seriously weakens the argument of the editorial?

A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals and their families.
B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently has.
C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs than job seekers who are unemployed.
D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.
E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy the work.


E.
The statment assumes that people should be employed only for income.
E states that may prompt people to take up because they like rather than for the sole purpose of getting payed.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 13:47
Yeah C can be an incentive and can go against the editorial's conclusion!
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 21:08
C it is - that weakens the argument
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 21:14
C as it weakens the argument by stating obvious financial incentives.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 21:08
A is actually strengthening - "assistance is good. No financial incentive on the job"
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Aug 2015, 03:23
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Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance. To reduce unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers cheaply. However, the supplement will not raise any worker’s income above what government assistance would provide if he or she were not gainfully employed. Therefore, unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would entitle them to the supplement.

Which of the following, if true about Ledland, most seriously weakens the argument of the editorial?

A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals and their families.
B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer must pay an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently has.
C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs than job seekers who are unemployed.
D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less than the yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.
E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy the work.

Originally posted by venmic on 03 Sep 2012, 07:46.
Last edited by reto on 19 Aug 2015, 03:23, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2012, 09:12
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A. The government collects no taxes on assistance it provides to unemployed individuals and
their families.
B. Neighboring countries with laws that mandate the minimum wage an employer must pay
an employee have higher unemployment rates than Ledland currently has.
C. People who are employed and look for a new job tend to get higher-paying jobs than job
seekers who are unemployed.
D. The yearly amount unemployed people receive from government assistance is less than the
yearly income that the government defines as the poverty level.
E. People sometimes accept jobs that pay relatively little simply because they enjoy the work.


i do not see any reason why C is not the answer

A) The fact that the goverment do not collect taxes NOt weaken the argument at all

B) out of scope

D) We do not care about is less than

E) This is not a reason to take a job and not weaken the argument

C) Wins

if you take a job then you can change your job and take another JOB payed better

:)
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2012, 00:09
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Premise - To reduce unemployment, the government proposes to supplement the income of those who accept jobs that pay less than government assistance, thus enabling employers to hire workers cheaply

Conclusion - unemployed people will have no financial incentive to accept jobs that would entitle them to the supplement

Anything which weakens the conclusion is the answer i.e any option which proves that the people will have financial incentive is our answer

Option C is our answer
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Re: Editorial: In Ledland, unemployed adults receive government assistance &nbs [#permalink] 12 Sep 2012, 00:09

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