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Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on remo

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Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on remo  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2019, 11:46
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Difficulty:

  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (02:15) correct 57% (02:21) wrong based on 53 sessions

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Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their household garbage. However, while telling residents that they must sort their garbage would get some of them to do so, many would resent the order and refuse to comply. The current voluntary system, then, is to be preferred, because it costs about as much as a nonvoluntary system would and it does not engender nearly as much resentment.

The contention that the town would not have to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their garbage plays which one of the following roles in the editorial’s argument?
(A) It is a claim that the editorial is trying to show is false.
(B) It is a fact granted by the editorial that lends some support to an alternative to the practice that the editorial defends as preferable.
(C) It is an example of a difficulty facing the claim that the editorial is attempting to refute.
(D) It is a premise that the editorial’s argument relies on in reaching its conclusion.
(E) It is the conclusion that the editorial’s argument purports to establish.

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Re: Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on remo  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 04:22
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Quote:
Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their household garbage. However, while telling residents that they must sort their garbage would get some of them to do so, many would resent the order and refuse to comply. The current voluntary system, then, is to be preferred, because it costs about as much as a non-voluntary system would and it does not engender nearly as much resentment.

The contention that the town would not have to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their garbage plays which one of the following roles in the editorial’s argument?

(A) It is a claim that the editorial is trying to show is false.

(B) It is a fact granted by the editorial that lends some support to an alternative to the practice that the editorial defends as preferable.

(C) It is an example of a difficulty facing the claim that the editorial is attempting to refute.

(D) It is a premise that the editorial’s argument relies on in reaching its conclusion.

(E) It is the conclusion that the editorial’s argument purports to establish.


The right answer is B. This is a structure based CR question, and very similar to bold-faced questions except for the fact that they only ask us about the role of one statement. The crux of any structure based CR question is to correctly identify the premises and conclusion. Remember that we need NOT care about outside info (assumptions) or whether the argument as a whole 'works' or not.

In this argument, the conclusion is that we should stick to the voluntary system (The current voluntary system, then, is to be preferred). The statement in question is simply a fact, not a conclusion, and it goes against the overall conclusion of the argument. So all we're really looking for in the options is anything that satisfies premise/fact/data + against overall conclusion.

Option A - The statement is indeed a claim, but the argument never says that it is false. It merely goes on to give an alternative line of reasoning. OUT

Option B - The key words are "fact" and "lends support to the alternative". This clearly shows that the statement is a premise, and one that supports a different conclusion to author's. CORRECT

Option C - The editorial isn't actually trying to refute anything. It only gives its own line of reasoning as to why the decision should go the way it does. OUT

Option D - The statement is indeed a premise, but the words "relies on" are what makes this option incorrect. The author does not rely on this premise, since it doesn't support her argument. OUT

Option E - This statement is not a conclusion. Stating data outcomes is always a premise, making a decision from those outcomes is what makes a conclusion. OUT

The words used in the options of such questions are designed to confuse you, so the way to avoid that confusion is to simplify each term into:
1. Premise or conclusion
2. Support or attack the main conclusion


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Re: Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on remo  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 05:33
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patto wrote:
Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their household garbage. However, while telling residents that they must sort their garbage would get some of them to do so, many would resent the order and refuse to comply. The current voluntary system, then, is to be preferred, because it costs about as much as a nonvoluntary system would and it does not engender nearly as much resentment.

The contention that the town would not have to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their garbage plays which one of the following roles in the editorial’s argument?
(A) It is a claim that the editorial is trying to show is false.
(B) It is a fact granted by the editorial that lends some support to an alternative to the practice that the editorial defends as preferable.
(C) It is an example of a difficulty facing the claim that the editorial is attempting to refute.
(D) It is a premise that the editorial’s argument relies on in reaching its conclusion.
(E) It is the conclusion that the editorial’s argument purports to establish.



The town would not need to spend as much as it does on removing trash if all town residents sorted their household garbage.
- a fact supporting complete segregation (non voluntary) by residents

However, while telling residents that they must sort their garbage would get some of them to do so, many would resent the order and refuse to comply.
- what would happen if non voluntary system is established

The current voluntary system, then, is to be preferred, because it costs about as much as a nonvoluntary system would and it does not engender nearly as much resentment.
- why an alternative - voluntary system - is better. Author's opinion and hence the conclusion.

We need to establish the role of the first sentence in the argument.

(A) It is a claim that the editorial is trying to show is false.

No. The editorial does not try to say that the first sentence is false.

(B) It is a fact granted by the editorial that lends some support to an alternative to the practice that the editorial defends as preferable.

Practice that editorial defends as preferable - voluntary system
an alternative - non voluntary system
fact that lends some support to alternative (non voluntary system) - sentence 1

Correct.

(C) It is an example of a difficulty facing the claim that the editorial is attempting to refute.

Sentence 1 is not an example of anything. It is a fact stated.

(D) It is a premise that the editorial’s argument relies on in reaching its conclusion.

Sentence 1 supports an alternative, not the conclusion.

(E) It is the conclusion that the editorial’s argument purports to establish.

Sentence 1 is not the conclusion.

Answer (B)
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Re: Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on remo   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2019, 05:33
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Editorial: The town would not need to spend as much as it does on remo

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