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# Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question

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e-GMAT Representative
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Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Sep 2013, 10:28
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Question Stats:

74% (01:49) correct 26% (02:10) wrong based on 474 sessions

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Hello folks,

After a very good response to our SC questions last week and demand for questions on CR, we are here with a "Fill in the blank" question, a category increasingly becoming more important on GMAT.

So, share your answers with detailed responses. Looking forward to a healthy discussion

Environmentalists support a major phase-down of fossil fuels and substitution of favored 'nonpolluting' energies to conserve depleting resources and protect the environment. Yet energy megatrends contradict those concerns. Fossil-fuel resources are becoming more abundant, not scarcer, and promise to continue expanding as technology improves, world markets liberalize, and investment capital expands. However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………

Which one of the following statements best completes the passage above?
A. The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years.
B. The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same.
C. The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries.
D. There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment
E. Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels.

-Chiranjeev

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Originally posted by egmat on 02 Sep 2013, 00:07.
Last edited by egmat on 18 Sep 2013, 10:28, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 00:43
I guess answer should be D - As we have to fill the blank with something that will work as Proviso to "However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………" i.e. something will work as a support to this last statement to hold true. A,B,C,E all are non-supporting to the use of Non - Polluting source of energy....

Only D supports. OA?
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 01:17
egmat wrote:
Hello folks,

After a very good response to our SC questions last week and demand for questions on CR, we are here with a "Fill in the blank" question, a category increasingly becoming more important on GMAT.

So, share your answers with detailed responses. Looking forward to a healthy discussion

Environmentalists support a major phase-down of fossil fuels and substitution of favored 'nonpolluting' energies to conserve depleting resources and protect the environment. Yet energy megatrends contradict those concerns. Fossil-fuel resources are becoming more abundant, not scarcer, and promise to continue expanding as technology improves, world markets liberalize, and investment capital expands. However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………

Which one of the following statements best completes the passage above?
A. The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years.
B. The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same.
C. The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries.
D. There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment
E. Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels.

-Chiranjeev

well IMO, the answer is B
Pre-thinking
The passage is structured in a way that begins with the opinions of the Environmentalists who ask for a substitution of fossil fuels (because they are depleting- 'phase down' and 'depleting resources') with some'thing else (non-polluting ones). Now this Mega trend guy contradicts this NEED for substitution and presents that the Fossil fuels are NOT depleting and in fact there are a lot of promises which support the abundance from various sources ( Tech Improvements, WM liberalisation, Inv. Capital expansion..). But then the author concludes that Despite the stuff mentioned by Megatrendz, (abt resource abundance) we cannot assume a smaller role of of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run...because.....

So we are looking for an answer choice which will still give us scope for supporting that NON-Polluting sources of energy will still be Important

POE
A- The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years- Even though the Production cost has remained constant, does not show how in comparison to the fossil fuel (abundance) how is it that non-polluting sources will still be important-HENCE OFS-INCORRECT
B-The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same-hmm this choice looks good, as it mentions that more the availability of FF the more they are going to be used (and possibly exploited) hence there can come a time (in the long RUN) that would make the use of nonpolluting sources of energy important again-CORRECT
C- The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries-Again, C is actually going against the conclusion and Kinda supporting the MEGATREND by stating the abundance for the next two centuries-INCORRECT
D-There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment-Even if there is an Increasing sense of acceptance abt the harmful effects of FF does not mean anything in this context as it is supporting the Environmentalist's statement, the conclusion is based on megatrend's set of statements on abundance- INCORRECT
E-Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels-Kind of reverse answer as it implies an even SMALLER role in the long run as they are not cost-effective!!!-INCORRECT

Hence IMO B

Waiting for the OA/OE!
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 01:55
egmat wrote:
Hello folks,

After a very good response to our SC questions last week and demand for questions on CR, we are here with a "Fill in the blank" question, a category increasingly becoming more important on GMAT.

So, share your answers with detailed responses. Looking forward to a healthy discussion

Environmentalists support a major phase-down of fossil fuels and substitution of favored 'nonpolluting' energies to conserve depleting resources and protect the environment. Yet energy megatrends contradict those concerns. Fossil-fuel resources are becoming more abundant, not scarcer, and promise to continue expanding as technology improves, world markets liberalize, and investment capital expands. However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………

Which one of the following statements best completes the passage above?
A. The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years.
B. The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same.
C. The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries.
D. There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment
E. Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels.

-Chiranjeev

My vote goes to option E. The reason is that the last sentence should be completed to make sense on what condition nonpolluting source of energy have a role in long run. The condition should speak about sustainablity of Nonpolluting source energy. Choice E fits best as in previous sentence it informs that Fossil Fuels are favourable from point of view of investment captial. Hence if nonpolluting source of energy are less cost effective than fossil fuels it may play not smaller role but larger role.
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 02:30
D, as it implies that even with a abundant supply available for fossil fuels they have harmful effects whereas, non polluting resource do not have those harmful effects. Therefore the non polluting resources cannot be ignored.
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 08:48
Environmentalists support a major phase-down of fossil fuels and substitution of favored 'nonpolluting' energies to conserve depleting resources and protect the environment. Yet energy megatrends contradict those concerns. Fossil-fuel resources are becoming more abundant, not scarcer, and promise to continue expanding as technology improves, world markets liberalize, and investment capital expands. However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………

Which one of the following statements best completes the passage above?

A. The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years.

Irrelevant

B. The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same.

The fact that we have new sources of fossil fuel, doesn't mean a low-profile role of renewable resources in the long run.....because as B states......doesnt' make sense ion the logic chain

C. The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries.

Irrelevant

D. There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment

Correct

E. Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels.

Irrelevant

+1 kudo
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 11:08
Was confused between option D and E, but the opening line that talks about 'environmentalists' as wll helped me go in favour of (D)

Awaiting the OA
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 11:30
I will go for option D.as its the only one that sounds correct
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2013, 00:34
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2013, 22:44
egmat wrote:

Environmentalists support a major phase-down of fossil fuels and substitution of favored 'nonpolluting' energies to conserve depleting resources and protect the environment. Yet energy megatrends contradict those concerns. Fossil-fuel resources are becoming more abundant, not scarcer, and promise to continue expanding as technology improves, world markets liberalize, and investment capital expands. However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………

Which one of the following statements best completes the passage above?
A. The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years.
B. The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same.
C. The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries.
D. There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment
E. Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels.

(A) cost is stable, but paragraph doesn't talk about how green energy sources address this
(B) its true that more fossil fuel may not mean people will use more of it, but with more efficient technologies, mega trends, and the idea that fossil fuels are not as scarce as we thought, it also seems possible we will. Not clear and thus not a good answer.
(C) the amount of fossil fuels available is irrelevant
(D) if people are aware that fossil fuels hurt the environment, regardless of trends and technological advances, green energy should increase in presence. This is the answer.
(E) if this was true, green energy would diminish. This works against us. Not answer.
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Re: Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2014, 12:20
Hello everyone,

I still do not get the reasoning- for example, if I do accept that fossil fuels harm the environment and continue to use fossil fuels- what difference does it make? People might accept, but it is the usage that's important in this case, right?

B says that the increased resources don't mean increased usage- now that's some hope for our renewable folks!

Please let me know what you think of the reasoning.
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Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 05:36
Mine was E , But later after observing...
non polluting is less cost effective than fossil. So what we are not bother about which is cheaper one for usage , instead it is about what effects are they going to show on using.
So Eliminate E
D explains the fossil fuel is harmful ,that's the reason non polluting is good for long term.
+1 kudos If u like
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Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 21:59
egmat wrote:
Hello folks,

After a very good response to our SC questions last week and demand for questions on CR, we are here with a "Fill in the blank" question, a category increasingly becoming more important on GMAT.

So, share your answers with detailed responses. Looking forward to a healthy discussion

Environmentalists support a major phase-down of fossil fuels and substitution of favored 'nonpolluting' energies to conserve depleting resources and protect the environment. Yet energy megatrends contradict those concerns. Fossil-fuel resources are becoming more abundant, not scarcer, and promise to continue expanding as technology improves, world markets liberalize, and investment capital expands. However, these facts do not mean a smaller role of the nonpolluting sources of energy in the long run given that……………………

Which one of the following statements best completes the passage above?
A. The costs of producing energy from nonpolluting sources of energy have remained constant in the last five years.
B. The availability of fossil fuels does mean an increased use of the same.
C. The amount of confirmed deposits of fossil fuels is sufficient to serve the world energy needs at least over the next two centuries.
D. There is an increasing sense of acceptance across the world on the harmful effects of the use of fossil fuels on the environment
E. Nonpolluting sources of energy are less cost-effective than fossil fuels.

-Chiranjeev

Per the context we need to complete the argument with a statement that would give more information which would increase our belief in the increase in the role of non-polluting energy sources or which would tell something about "not-so-bright future" aspect of the fossil fuels. D here states that the world has started to accept the fact that fossil fuels are harmful for the environment. Hence, it is the correct answer choice as it implies that at some point of time people would start thinking of using non-polluting sources of energy. Rest of the answer choices speak about out-of-context things such as cost, availability and sufficiency of the deposits of fossil fuels.

Please give Kudos if you find the info given above useful
Energy Megatrends - 700+ level question   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2019, 21:59
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