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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 23:03
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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 00:08
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maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?

"C" is not correct as it only reconfirms that there was an earthquake - something we already know from the problem, thus restating a premise and therefore doesn't strengthens\supports the hypothesis
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 02:24
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The answer needs something which "most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis".
We are supposed the choose the AC which adds an information and has a strong point in supporting the archaeologists' hypothesis, so we should not choose an AC which just repeats the premise given in the argument.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:22
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Here Point C is out of choice for reason mentioned in earlier post.

As per my understanding, OA is B because, its the only choice which mentiones that the city was destroyed in AD365 as no coins minted after that were found so logically supports claim that it was destroyed in year 365 (I am not taking earthquake as major reason)

All other choices A,D & E supports that things/evidence from that city is avialble after AD 365 also like Drinking one,statues etc.

Am I right?
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:33
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maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?

A is out as it is mentioning before and after AD 365
C it is repeating the same as argument
D it has given the range again

So, only 'B' give clear indication of events before AD 365. I hope this is correct
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:59
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jitgoel wrote:
maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?

A is out as it is mentioning before and after AD 365
C it is repeating the same as argument
D it has given the range again

So, only 'B' give clear indication of events before AD 365. I hope this is correct

Rightly said. B is the best.
Those who are confused with C - should carefully read the statement
1. it does repeat what is given in premise
2. It only says an earthquake occurred in A.D. 365. but it does not relate to the fact that it was the only earthquake in and around that time which could have destroyed.
Had the statement said..this was the only earthquake that occurred in several years around the time of destruction, then it could have been tricky to pick this one. a sample of this is also there in OG.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2012, 04:59
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